Inventory plugins allow users to point at data sources to compile the inventory of hosts that Ansible uses to target tasks, either via the
-i /path/to/file and/or
-i 'host1, host2 command line parameters or from other configuration sources.
Most inventory plugins shipped with Ansible are disabled by default and need to be whitelisted in your ansible.cfg file in order to function. This is how the default whitelist looks in the config file that ships with Ansible:
[inventory] enable_plugins = host_list, script, yaml, ini
This list also establishes the order in which each plugin tries to parse an inventory source. Any plugins left out of the list will not be considered, so you can ‘optimize’ your inventory loading by minimizing it to what you actually use. For example:
[inventory] enable_plugins = advanced_host_list, constructed, yaml
The only requirement for using an inventory plugin after it is enabled is to provide an inventory source to parse. Ansible will try to use the list of enabled inventory plugins, in order, against each inventory source provided. Once an inventory plugin succeeds at parsing a source, the any remaining inventory plugins will be skipped for that source.
You can use
ansible-doc -t inventory -l to see the list of available plugins.
ansible-doc -t inventory <plugin name> to see plugin-specific documentation and examples.