Documentation

vsphere_guest - Create/delete/manage a guest VM through VMware vSphere.

New in version 1.6.

Synopsis

  • Create/delete/reconfigure a guest VM through VMware vSphere. This module has a dependency on pysphere >= 1.7

Options

parameter required default choices comments
cluster
no None
The name of the cluster to create the VM in. By default this is derived from the host you tell the module to build the guest on.
esxi
no
Dictionary which includes datacenter and hostname on which the VM should be created. For standalone ESXi hosts, ha-datacenter should be used as the datacenter name
force
no no
  • yes
  • no
Boolean. Allows you to run commands which may alter the running state of a guest. Also used to reconfigure and destroy.
from_template
(added in 1.9)
no
  • yes
  • no
Specifies if the VM should be deployed from a template (mutually exclusive with 'state' parameter). No guest customization changes to hardware such as CPU, RAM, NICs or Disks can be applied when launching from template.
guest
yes
The virtual server name you wish to manage.
password
yes
Password of the user to connect to vcenter as.
power_on_after_clone
no True
  • yes
  • no
Specifies if the VM should be powered on after the clone.
resource_pool
no None
The name of the resource_pool to create the VM in.
snapshot_to_clone
(added in 2.0)
no none
A string that when specified, will create a linked clone copy of the VM. Snapshot must already be taken in vCenter.
state
no present
  • present
  • powered_off
  • absent
  • powered_on
  • restarted
  • reconfigured
Indicate desired state of the vm. 'reconfigured' only applies changes to 'vm_cdrom', 'memory_mb', and 'num_cpus' in vm_hardware parameter. The 'memory_mb' and 'num_cpus' changes are applied to powered-on vms when hot-plugging is enabled for the guest.
template_src
(added in 1.9)
no None
Name of the source template to deploy from
username
yes
Username to connect to vcenter as.
validate_certs
(added in 2.1)
no True
  • yes
  • no
Validate SSL certs. Note, if running on python without SSLContext support (typically, python < 2.7.9) you will have to set this to no as pysphere does not support validating certificates on older python. Prior to 2.1, this module would always validate on python >= 2.7.9 and never validate on python <= 2.7.8.
vcenter_hostname
yes
The hostname of the vcenter server the module will connect to, to create the guest.
vm_disk
no
A key, value list of disks and their sizes and which datastore to keep it in.
vm_extra_config
no
A key, value pair of any extra values you want set or changed in the vmx file of the VM. Useful to set advanced options on the VM.
vm_hardware
no
A key, value list of VM config settings. Must include ['memory_mb', 'num_cpus', 'osid', 'scsi'].
vm_hw_version
(added in 1.7)
no
Desired hardware version identifier (for example, "vmx-08" for vms that needs to be managed with vSphere Client). Note that changing hardware version of existing vm is not supported.
vm_nic
no
A key, value list of nics, their types and what network to put them on.
vmware_guest_facts
no
Gather facts from vCenter on a particular VM

Examples

---
# Create a new VM on an ESX server
# Returns changed = False when the VM already exists
# Returns changed = True and a adds ansible_facts from the new VM
# State will set the power status of a guest upon creation. Use powered_on to create and boot.
# Options ['state', 'vm_extra_config', 'vm_disk', 'vm_nic', 'vm_hardware', 'esxi'] are required together
# Note: vm_floppy support added in 2.0

- vsphere_guest:
    vcenter_hostname: vcenter.mydomain.local
    username: myuser
    password: mypass
    guest: newvm001
    state: powered_on
    vm_extra_config:
      vcpu.hotadd: yes
      mem.hotadd:  yes
      notes: This is a test VM
      folder: MyFolder
    vm_disk:
      disk1:
        size_gb: 10
        type: thin
        datastore: storage001
        # VMs can be put into folders. The value given here is either the full path
        # to the folder (e.g. production/customerA/lamp) or just the last component
        # of the path (e.g. lamp):
        folder: production/customerA/lamp
    vm_nic:
      nic1:
        type: vmxnet3
        network: VM Network
        network_type: standard
      nic2:
        type: vmxnet3
        network: dvSwitch Network
        network_type: dvs
    vm_hardware:
      memory_mb: 2048
      num_cpus: 2
      osid: centos64Guest
      scsi: paravirtual
      vm_cdrom:
        type: "iso"
        iso_path: "DatastoreName/cd-image.iso"
      vm_floppy:
        type: "image"
        image_path: "DatastoreName/floppy-image.flp"
    esxi:
      datacenter: MyDatacenter
      hostname: esx001.mydomain.local

# Reconfigure the CPU and Memory on the newly created VM
# Will return the changes made

- vsphere_guest:
    vcenter_hostname: vcenter.mydomain.local
    username: myuser
    password: mypass
    guest: newvm001
    state: reconfigured
    vm_extra_config:
      vcpu.hotadd: yes
      mem.hotadd:  yes
      notes: This is a test VM
    vm_disk:
      disk1:
        size_gb: 10
        type: thin
        datastore: storage001
    vm_nic:
      nic1:
        type: vmxnet3
        network: VM Network
        network_type: standard
    vm_hardware:
      memory_mb: 4096
      num_cpus: 4
      osid: centos64Guest
      scsi: paravirtual
    esxi:
      datacenter: MyDatacenter
      hostname: esx001.mydomain.local

# Deploy a guest from a template
- vsphere_guest:
    vcenter_hostname: vcenter.mydomain.local
    username: myuser
    password: mypass
    guest: newvm001
    from_template: yes
    template_src: centosTemplate
    cluster: MainCluster
    resource_pool: "/Resources"
    vm_extra_config:
      folder: MyFolder

# Task to gather facts from a vSphere cluster only if the system is a VMware guest

- vsphere_guest:
    vcenter_hostname: vcenter.mydomain.local
    username: myuser
    password: mypass
    guest: newvm001
    vmware_guest_facts: yes

---
# Typical output of a vsphere_facts run on a guest
# If vmware tools is not installed, ipadresses with return None

- hw_eth0:
  - addresstype: "assigned"
    label: "Network adapter 1"
    macaddress: "00:22:33:33:44:55"
    macaddress_dash: "00-22-33-33-44-55"
    ipaddresses: ['192.0.2.100', '2001:DB8:56ff:feac:4d8a']
    summary: "VM Network"
  hw_guest_full_name: "newvm001"
  hw_guest_id: "rhel6_64Guest"
  hw_memtotal_mb: 2048
  hw_name: "centos64Guest"
  hw_power_status: "POWERED ON"
  hw_processor_count: 2
  hw_product_uuid: "ef50bac8-2845-40ff-81d9-675315501dac"

# hw_power_status will be one of the following values:
#   - POWERED ON
#   - POWERED OFF
#   - SUSPENDED
#   - POWERING ON
#   - POWERING OFF
#   - SUSPENDING
#   - RESETTING
#   - BLOCKED ON MSG
#   - REVERTING TO SNAPSHOT
#   - UNKNOWN
# as seen in the VMPowerState-Class of PySphere: http://git.io/vlwOq

---
# Remove a vm from vSphere
# The VM must be powered_off or you need to use force to force a shutdown
- vsphere_guest:
    vcenter_hostname: vcenter.mydomain.local
    username: myuser
    password: mypass
    guest: newvm001
    state: absent
    force: yes

Notes

Note

  • This module should run from a system that can access vSphere directly. Either by using local_action, or using delegate_to.

Status

This module is flagged as preview which means that it is not guaranteed to have a backwards compatible interface.

Support

This module is community maintained without core committer oversight.

For more information on what this means please read Module Support

For help in developing on modules, should you be so inclined, please read Community Information & Contributing, Helping Testing PRs and Developing Modules.