Documentation

ec2_ami_find - Searches for AMIs to obtain the AMI ID and other information

New in version 2.0.

DEPRECATED

Removed in Ansible:
 version: 2.9
Why:Various AWS modules have been combined and replaced with ec2_ami_facts.
Alternative:Use ec2_ami_facts instead.

Synopsis

  • Returns list of matching AMIs with AMI ID, along with other useful information
  • Can search AMIs with different owners
  • Can search by matching tag(s), by AMI name and/or other criteria
  • Results can be sorted and sliced

Requirements

The below requirements are needed on the host that executes this module.

  • boto
  • python >= 2.6

Parameters

Parameter Choices/Defaults Comments
ami_id
An AMI ID to match.
ami_tags
A hash/dictionary of tags to match for the AMI.
architecture
An architecture type to match (e.g. x86_64).
aws_access_key
AWS access key. If not set then the value of the AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID, AWS_ACCESS_KEY or EC2_ACCESS_KEY environment variable is used.

aliases: ec2_access_key, access_key
aws_secret_key
AWS secret key. If not set then the value of the AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY, AWS_SECRET_KEY, or EC2_SECRET_KEY environment variable is used.

aliases: ec2_secret_key, secret_key
ec2_url
Url to use to connect to EC2 or your Eucalyptus cloud (by default the module will use EC2 endpoints). Ignored for modules where region is required. Must be specified for all other modules if region is not used. If not set then the value of the EC2_URL environment variable, if any, is used.
hypervisor
A hypervisor type type to match (e.g. xen).
is_public
bool
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes
Whether or not the image(s) are public.
name
An AMI name to match.
no_result_action
    Choices:
  • success ←
  • fail
What to do when no results are found.
'success' reports success and returns an empty array
'fail' causes the module to report failure
owner
Search AMIs owned by the specified owner
Can specify an AWS account ID, or one of the special IDs 'self', 'amazon' or 'aws-marketplace'
If not specified, all EC2 AMIs in the specified region will be searched.
You can include wildcards in many of the search options. An asterisk (*) matches zero or more characters, and a question mark (?) matches exactly one character. You can escape special characters using a backslash (\) before the character. For example, a value of \*amazon\?\\ searches for the literal string *amazon?\.
platform
Platform type to match.
product_code
(added in 2.3)
Marketplace product code to match.
profile
(added in 1.6)
Uses a boto profile. Only works with boto >= 2.24.0.
region
required
The AWS region to use.

aliases: aws_region, ec2_region
root_device_type
(added in 2.5)
Root device type to match (e.g. ebs, instance-store).
security_token
(added in 1.6)
AWS STS security token. If not set then the value of the AWS_SECURITY_TOKEN or EC2_SECURITY_TOKEN environment variable is used.

aliases: access_token
sort
    Choices:
  • name
  • description
  • tag
  • architecture
  • block_device_mapping
  • creationDate
  • hypervisor
  • is_public
  • location
  • owner_id
  • platform
  • root_device_name
  • root_device_type
  • state
  • virtualization_type
Optional attribute which with to sort the results.
If specifying 'tag', the 'tag_name' parameter is required.
Starting at version 2.1, additional sort choices of architecture, block_device_mapping, creationDate, hypervisor, is_public, location, owner_id, platform, root_device_name, root_device_type, state, and virtualization_type are supported.
sort_end
Which result to end with (when sorting).
Corresponds to Python slice notation.
sort_order
    Choices:
  • ascending ←
  • descending
Order in which to sort results.
Only used when the 'sort' parameter is specified.
sort_start
Which result to start with (when sorting).
Corresponds to Python slice notation.
sort_tag
Tag name with which to sort results.
Required when specifying 'sort=tag'.
state Default:
available
AMI state to match.
validate_certs
bool

(added in 1.5)
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes ←
When set to "no", SSL certificates will not be validated for boto versions >= 2.6.0.
virtualization_type
Virtualization type to match (e.g. hvm).

Notes

Note

  • This module is not backwards compatible with the previous version of the ec2_search_ami module which worked only for Ubuntu AMIs listed on cloud-images.ubuntu.com.
  • See the example below for a suggestion of how to search by distro/release.
  • If parameters are not set within the module, the following environment variables can be used in decreasing order of precedence AWS_URL or EC2_URL, AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID or AWS_ACCESS_KEY or EC2_ACCESS_KEY, AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY or AWS_SECRET_KEY or EC2_SECRET_KEY, AWS_SECURITY_TOKEN or EC2_SECURITY_TOKEN, AWS_REGION or EC2_REGION
  • Ansible uses the boto configuration file (typically ~/.boto) if no credentials are provided. See https://boto.readthedocs.io/en/latest/boto_config_tut.html
  • AWS_REGION or EC2_REGION can be typically be used to specify the AWS region, when required, but this can also be configured in the boto config file

Examples

# Note: These examples do not set authentication details, see the AWS Guide for details.

# Search for the AMI tagged "project:website"
- ec2_ami_find:
    owner: self
    ami_tags:
      project: website
    no_result_action: fail
  register: ami_find

# Search for the latest Ubuntu 14.04 AMI
- ec2_ami_find:
    name: "ubuntu/images/ebs/ubuntu-trusty-14.04-amd64-server-*"
    owner: 099720109477
    sort: name
    sort_order: descending
    sort_end: 1
  register: ami_find

# Launch an EC2 instance
- ec2:
    image: "{{ ami_find.results[0].ami_id }}"
    instance_type: m3.medium
    key_name: mykey
    wait: yes

Return Values

Common return values are documented here, the following are the fields unique to this module:

Key Returned Description
ami_id
string
when AMI found
id of found amazon image

Sample:
ami-e9095e8c
architecture
string
when AMI found
architecture of image

Sample:
x86_64
block_device_mapping
dict
when AMI found
block device mapping associated with image

Sample:
{ '/dev/xvda': { 'delete_on_termination': true, 'encrypted': false, 'size': 8, 'snapshot_id': 'snap-ca0330b8', 'volume_type': 'gp2' }
creationDate
string
when AMI found
creation date of image

Sample:
2015-10-15T22:43:44.000Z
description
string
when AMI found
description of image

Sample:
test-server01
hypervisor
string
when AMI found
type of hypervisor

Sample:
xen
is_public
bool
when AMI found
whether image is public

location
string
when AMI found
location of image

Sample:
435210894375/test-server01-20151015-234343
name
string
when AMI found
ami name of image

Sample:
test-server01-20151015-234343
owner_id
string
when AMI found
owner of image

Sample:
435210894375
platform
string
when AMI found
platform of image

root_device_name
string
when AMI found
root device name of image

Sample:
/dev/xvda
root_device_type
string
when AMI found
root device type of image

Sample:
ebs
state
string
when AMI found
state of image

Sample:
available
tags
dict
when AMI found
tags assigned to image

Sample:
{ 'Environment': 'devel', 'Name': 'test-server01', 'Role': 'web' }
virtualization_type
string
when AMI found
image virtualization type

Sample:
hvm


Status

This module is flagged as deprecated and will be removed in version 2.9. For more information see DEPRECATED.

Author

  • Tom Bamford (@tombamford)

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