Tower is a full application and the installation process installs several dependencies such as PostgreSQL, Django, NGINX, and others. It is required that you install Tower on a standalone VM or cloud instance and do not co-locate any other applications on that machine (beyond possible monitoring or logging software). Although Tower and Ansible are written in Python, they are not just simple Python libraries. Therefore Tower cannot be installed in a Python virtualenv, a Docker container, or any similar subsystem; you must install it as described in the installation instructions in this guide.
Ansible Tower has the following requirements:
Supported Operating Systems:
- Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.2 or later 64-bit
- CentOS 7.2 or later 64-bit
- Ubuntu 14.04 LTS 64-bit
- Ubuntu 16.04 LTS 64-bit
Ansible Tower requires Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.2 or later.
A currently supported version of Mozilla Firefox or Google Chrome
- Other HTML5 compliant web browsers may work but are not fully tested or supported.
2 GB RAM minimum (4+ GB RAM recommended)
- 2 GB RAM (minimum and recommended for Vagrant trial installations)
- 4 GB RAM is recommended per 100 forks
20 GB of dedicated hard disk space
- 10 GB of the 20 GB requirement must be dedicated to
/var/, where Tower stores its files and working directories (dedicating less space will cause the installation to fail)
64-bit support required (kernel and runtime)
For Amazon EC2:
- Instance size of m3.medium or larger
- An instance size of m3.xlarge or larger if there are more than 100 hosts
For System Tracking data storage:
If you plan to utilize Tower’s system tracking, the following guidelines provide a rough estimate for the amount of space required. The basic calculation is:
(number of hosts in inventory) * (number of scans) * ((average module fact size) * (number of modules scanning) / 3)
For example, assuming a schedule of 1 scan per day for a year:
(hosts = 1,000) * (number of scans = 365) * ((average module fact size = 100 kb) * (number of modules = 4) / 3) = 48 GB
The default scan operation has the four (4) modules listed, but you can add your own. Depending on the kinds of modules and the size of the facts you are gathering, that size might be larger.
To help keep the size down, you can use a management job to purge old facts. Refer to Management Jobs in the Ansible Tower Administration Guide for more information
Ansible Tower 3.0 moved away from MongoDB in favor of using Postgres. The new Postgres data-type consumes about one-third (1/3) less space than the equivalent human-readable JSON with no whitespace or newlines. If you are using an older version of Ansible Tower, you should use the following example to determine how much space may be required:
(hosts = 1,000) * (number of scans = 365) * (average module fact size = 100 kb) * (number of modules = 4) = 146 GB
While other operating systems may technically function, currently only the above list is supported to host an Ansible Tower installation. If you have a firm requirement to run Tower on an unsupported operating system, please contact Ansible via the Red Hat Customer portal at https://access.redhat.com/. Management of other operating systems (nodes) is documented by the Ansible project itself and allows for a wider list.
Actual RAM requirements vary based on how many hosts Tower will manage simultaneously (which is controlled by the
forks parameter in the job template or the system
ansible.cfg file). To avoid possible resource conflicts, Ansible recommends 4 GB of memory per 100 forks. For example, if
forks is set to 100, 4 GB of memory is recommended; if
forks is set to 400, 16 GB of memory is recommended.
For the hosts on which we install Ansible Tower, Tower checks whether or not
umask is set to 0022. If not, the setup fails. Be sure to set
umask=0022 to avoid encountering this error.
A larger number of hosts can of course be addressed, though if the fork number is less than the total host count, more passes across the hosts are required. These RAM limitations are avoided when using rolling updates or when using the provisioning callback system built into Tower, where each system requesting configuration enters a queue and is processed as quickly as possible; or in cases where Tower is producing or deploying images such as AMIs. All of these are great approaches to managing larger environments. For further questions, please contact Ansible via the Red Hat Customer portal at https://access.redhat.com/.
The requirements for systems managed by Tower are the same as for Ansible at: http://docs.ansible.com/intro_getting_started.html
While Ansible Tower depends on Ansible Playbooks and requires the installation of the latest stable version of Ansible before installing Tower, manual installations of Ansible are no longer required.
Beginning with Ansible Tower version 2.3, the Tower installation program attempts to install Ansible as part of the installation process. Previously, Tower required manual installations of the Ansible software release package before running the Tower installation program. Now, Tower attempts to install the latest stable Ansible release package.
If performing a bundled tower installation, the installation program attempts to install Ansible (and its dependencies) from the bundle for you (refer to Using the Bundled Tower Installation Program for more information).
If you choose to install Ansible on your own, the Tower installation program will detect that Ansible has been installed and will not attempt to reinstall it. Note that you must install Ansible using a package manager like
yum and that the latest stable version must be installed for Ansible Tower to work properly.