Documentation

uri - Interacts with webservices

Synopsis

  • Interacts with HTTP and HTTPS web services and supports Digest, Basic and WSSE HTTP authentication mechanisms.
  • For Windows targets, use the win_uri module instead.

Parameters

Parameter Choices/Defaults Comments
body
The body of the http request/response to the web service. If body_format is set to 'json' it will take an already formatted JSON string or convert a data structure into JSON.
body_format
(added in 2.0)
    Choices:
  • raw ←
  • json
The serialization format of the body. When set to json, encodes the body argument, if needed, and automatically sets the Content-Type header accordingly. As of 2.3 it is possible to override the `Content-Type` header, when set to json via the headers option.
client_cert
(added in 2.4)
PEM formatted certificate chain file to be used for SSL client authentication. This file can also include the key as well, and if the key is included, client_key is not required
client_key
(added in 2.4)
PEM formatted file that contains your private key to be used for SSL client authentication. If client_cert contains both the certificate and key, this option is not required.
creates
a filename, when it already exists, this step will not be run.
dest
path of where to download the file to (if desired). If dest is a directory, the basename of the file on the remote server will be used.
follow_redirects
    Choices:
  • all
  • safe ←
  • none
Whether or not the URI module should follow redirects. all will follow all redirects. safe will follow only "safe" redirects, where "safe" means that the client is only doing a GET or HEAD on the URI to which it is being redirected. none will not follow any redirects. Note that yes and no choices are accepted for backwards compatibility, where yes is the equivalent of all and no is the equivalent of safe. yes and no are deprecated and will be removed in some future version of Ansible.
force_basic_auth
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
The library used by the uri module only sends authentication information when a webservice responds to an initial request with a 401 status. Since some basic auth services do not properly send a 401, logins will fail. This option forces the sending of the Basic authentication header upon initial request.
HEADER_
Any parameter starting with "HEADER_" is a sent with your request as a header. For example, HEADER_Content-Type="application/json" would send the header "Content-Type" along with your request with a value of "application/json". This option is deprecated as of 2.1 and will be removed in Ansible-2.9. Use headers instead.
headers
(added in 2.1)
Add custom HTTP headers to a request in the format of a YAML hash. As of 2.3 supplying Content-Type here will override the header generated by supplying json for body_format.
method
    Choices:
  • GET ←
  • POST
  • PUT
  • HEAD
  • DELETE
  • OPTIONS
  • PATCH
  • TRACE
  • CONNECT
  • REFRESH
The HTTP method of the request or response. It MUST be uppercase.
others
all arguments accepted by the file module also work here
password
password for the module to use for Digest, Basic or WSSE authentication.
removes
a filename, when it does not exist, this step will not be run.
return_content
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
Whether or not to return the body of the response as a "content" key in the dictionary result. If the reported Content-type is "application/json", then the JSON is additionally loaded into a key called json in the dictionary results.
status_code Default:
200
A valid, numeric, HTTP status code that signifies success of the request. Can also be comma separated list of status codes.
timeout Default:
30
The socket level timeout in seconds
url
required
HTTP or HTTPS URL in the form (http|https)://host.domain[:port]/path
user
username for the module to use for Digest, Basic or WSSE authentication.
validate_certs
(added in 1.9.2)
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes ←
If no, SSL certificates will not be validated. This should only set to no used on personally controlled sites using self-signed certificates. Prior to 1.9.2 the code defaulted to no.

Notes

Note

  • The dependency on httplib2 was removed in Ansible 2.1.
  • The module returns all the HTTP headers in lower-case.
  • For Windows targets, use the win_uri module instead.

Examples

- name: Check that you can connect (GET) to a page and it returns a status 200
  uri:
    url: http://www.example.com

# Check that a page returns a status 200 and fail if the word AWESOME is not
# in the page contents.
- uri:
    url: http://www.example.com
    return_content: yes
  register: webpage

- name: Fail if AWESOME is not in the page content
  fail:
  when: "'AWESOME' not in webpage.content"


- name: Create a JIRA issue
  uri:
    url: https://your.jira.example.com/rest/api/2/issue/
    method: POST
    user: your_username
    password: your_pass
    body: "{{ lookup('file','issue.json') }}"
    force_basic_auth: yes
    status_code: 201
    body_format: json

# Login to a form based webpage, then use the returned cookie to
# access the app in later tasks

- uri:
    url: https://your.form.based.auth.example.com/index.php
    method: POST
    body: "name=your_username&password=your_password&enter=Sign%20in"
    status_code: 302
    headers:
      Content-Type: "application/x-www-form-urlencoded"
  register: login

- uri:
    url: https://your.form.based.auth.example.com/dashboard.php
    method: GET
    return_content: yes
    headers:
      Cookie: "{{login.set_cookie}}"

- name: Queue build of a project in Jenkins
  uri:
    url: "http://{{ jenkins.host }}/job/{{ jenkins.job }}/build?token={{ jenkins.token }}"
    method: GET
    user: "{{ jenkins.user }}"
    password: "{{ jenkins.password }}"
    force_basic_auth: yes
    status_code: 201

Return Values

Common return values are documented here, the following are the fields unique to this module:

Key Returned Description
msg
string
always
The HTTP message from the request

Sample:
OK (unknown bytes)
redirected
bool
always
Whether the request was redirected

status
int
always
The HTTP status code from the request

Sample:
200
url
string
always
The actual URL used for the request

Sample:
https://www.ansible.com/


Status

This module is flagged as stableinterface which means that the maintainers for this module guarantee that no backward incompatible interface changes will be made.

Support

For more information about Red Hat’s support of this module, please refer to this Knowledge Base article

Author

  • Romeo Theriault (@romeotheriault)

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