fortios_firewall_vip – Configure virtual IP for IPv4 in Fortinet’s FortiOS and FortiGate

New in version 2.8.

Synopsis

  • This module is able to configure a FortiGate or FortiOS (FOS) device by allowing the user to set and modify firewall feature and vip category. Examples include all parameters and values need to be adjusted to datasources before usage. Tested with FOS v6.0.5

Requirements

The below requirements are needed on the host that executes this module.

  • fortiosapi>=0.9.8

Parameters

Parameter Choices/Defaults Comments
firewall_vip
dictionary
Default:
null
Configure virtual IP for IPv4.
arp_reply
string
    Choices:
  • disable
  • enable
Enable to respond to ARP requests for this virtual IP address. Enabled by default.
color
integer
Color of icon on the GUI.
comment
string
Comment.
dns_mapping_ttl
integer
DNS mapping TTL (Set to zero to use TTL in DNS response).
extaddr
list
External FQDN address name.
name
string / required
Address name. Source firewall.address.name firewall.addrgrp.name.
extintf
string
Interface connected to the source network that receives the packets that will be forwarded to the destination network. Source system .interface.name.
extip
string
IP address or address range on the external interface that you want to map to an address or address range on the destination network.
extport
string
Incoming port number range that you want to map to a port number range on the destination network.
gratuitous_arp_interval
integer
Enable to have the VIP send gratuitous ARPs. 0=disabled. Set from 5 up to 8640000 seconds to enable.
http_cookie_age
integer
Time in minutes that client web browsers should keep a cookie. Default is 60 seconds. 0 = no time limit.
http_cookie_domain
string
Domain that HTTP cookie persistence should apply to.
http_cookie_domain_from_host
string
    Choices:
  • disable
  • enable
Enable/disable use of HTTP cookie domain from host field in HTTP.
http_cookie_generation
integer
Generation of HTTP cookie to be accepted. Changing invalidates all existing cookies.
http_cookie_path
string
Limit HTTP cookie persistence to the specified path.
http_cookie_share
string
    Choices:
  • disable
  • same-ip
Control sharing of cookies across virtual servers. same-ip means a cookie from one virtual server can be used by another. Disable stops cookie sharing.
http_ip_header
string
    Choices:
  • enable
  • disable
For HTTP multiplexing, enable to add the original client IP address in the XForwarded-For HTTP header.
http_ip_header_name
string
For HTTP multiplexing, enter a custom HTTPS header name. The original client IP address is added to this header. If empty, X-Forwarded-For is used.
http_multiplex
string
    Choices:
  • enable
  • disable
Enable/disable HTTP multiplexing.
https_cookie_secure
string
    Choices:
  • disable
  • enable
Enable/disable verification that inserted HTTPS cookies are secure.
id
integer
Custom defined ID.
ldb_method
string
    Choices:
  • static
  • round-robin
  • weighted
  • least-session
  • least-rtt
  • first-alive
  • http-host
Method used to distribute sessions to real servers.
mapped_addr
string
Mapped FQDN address name. Source firewall.address.name.
mappedip
list
IP address or address range on the destination network to which the external IP address is mapped.
range
string / required
Mapped IP range.
mappedport
string
Port number range on the destination network to which the external port number range is mapped.
max_embryonic_connections
integer
Maximum number of incomplete connections.
monitor
list
Name of the health check monitor to use when polling to determine a virtual server's connectivity status.
name
string / required
Health monitor name. Source firewall.ldb-monitor.name.
name
string / required
Virtual IP name.
nat_source_vip
string
    Choices:
  • disable
  • enable
Enable/disable forcing the source NAT mapped IP to the external IP for all traffic.
outlook_web_access
string
    Choices:
  • disable
  • enable
Enable to add the Front-End-Https header for Microsoft Outlook Web Access.
persistence
string
    Choices:
  • none
  • http-cookie
  • ssl-session-id
Configure how to make sure that clients connect to the same server every time they make a request that is part of the same session.
portforward
string
    Choices:
  • disable
  • enable
Enable/disable port forwarding.
portmapping_type
string
    Choices:
  • 1-to-1
  • m-to-n
Port mapping type.
protocol
string
    Choices:
  • tcp
  • udp
  • sctp
  • icmp
Protocol to use when forwarding packets.
realservers
list
Select the real servers that this server load balancing VIP will distribute traffic to.
client_ip
string
Only clients in this IP range can connect to this real server.
healthcheck
string
    Choices:
  • disable
  • enable
  • vip
Enable to check the responsiveness of the real server before forwarding traffic.
holddown_interval
integer
Time in seconds that the health check monitor continues to monitor and unresponsive server that should be active.
http_host
string
HTTP server domain name in HTTP header.
id
integer / required
Real server ID.
ip
string
IP address of the real server.
max_connections
integer
Max number of active connections that can be directed to the real server. When reached, sessions are sent to other real servers.
monitor
string
Name of the health check monitor to use when polling to determine a virtual server's connectivity status. Source firewall .ldb-monitor.name.
port
integer
Port for communicating with the real server. Required if port forwarding is enabled.
status
string
    Choices:
  • active
  • standby
  • disable
Set the status of the real server to active so that it can accept traffic, or on standby or disabled so no traffic is sent.
weight
integer
Weight of the real server. If weighted load balancing is enabled, the server with the highest weight gets more connections.
server_type
string
    Choices:
  • http
  • https
  • imaps
  • pop3s
  • smtps
  • ssl
  • tcp
  • udp
  • ip
Protocol to be load balanced by the virtual server (also called the server load balance virtual IP).
service
list
Service name.
name
string / required
Service name. Source firewall.service.custom.name firewall.service.group.name.
src_filter
list
Source address filter. Each address must be either an IP/subnet (x.x.x.x/n) or a range (x.x.x.x-y.y.y.y). Separate addresses with spaces.
range
string / required
Source-filter range.
srcintf_filter
list
Interfaces to which the VIP applies. Separate the names with spaces.
interface_name
string
Interface name. Source system.interface.name.
ssl_algorithm
string
    Choices:
  • high
  • medium
  • low
  • custom
Permitted encryption algorithms for SSL sessions according to encryption strength.
ssl_certificate
string
The name of the SSL certificate to use for SSL acceleration. Source vpn.certificate.local.name.
ssl_cipher_suites
list
SSL/TLS cipher suites acceptable from a client, ordered by priority.
cipher
string
    Choices:
  • TLS-RSA-WITH-3DES-EDE-CBC-SHA
  • TLS-DHE-RSA-WITH-DES-CBC-SHA
  • TLS-DHE-DSS-WITH-DES-CBC-SHA
Cipher suite name.
priority
integer / required
SSL/TLS cipher suites priority.
versions
string
    Choices:
  • ssl-3.0
  • tls-1.0
  • tls-1.1
  • tls-1.2
SSL/TLS versions that the cipher suite can be used with.
ssl_client_fallback
string
    Choices:
  • disable
  • enable
Enable/disable support for preventing Downgrade Attacks on client connections (RFC 7507).
ssl_client_renegotiation
string
    Choices:
  • allow
  • deny
  • secure
Allow, deny, or require secure renegotiation of client sessions to comply with RFC 5746.
ssl_client_session_state_max
integer
Maximum number of client to FortiGate SSL session states to keep.
ssl_client_session_state_timeout
integer
Number of minutes to keep client to FortiGate SSL session state.
ssl_client_session_state_type
string
    Choices:
  • disable
  • time
  • count
  • both
How to expire SSL sessions for the segment of the SSL connection between the client and the FortiGate.
ssl_dh_bits
string
    Choices:
  • 768
  • 1024
  • 1536
  • 2048
  • 3072
  • 4096
Number of bits to use in the Diffie-Hellman exchange for RSA encryption of SSL sessions.
ssl_hpkp
string
    Choices:
  • disable
  • enable
  • report-only
Enable/disable including HPKP header in response.
ssl_hpkp_age
integer
Number of seconds the client should honour the HPKP setting.
ssl_hpkp_backup
string
Certificate to generate backup HPKP pin from. Source vpn.certificate.local.name vpn.certificate.ca.name.
ssl_hpkp_include_subdomains
string
    Choices:
  • disable
  • enable
Indicate that HPKP header applies to all subdomains.
ssl_hpkp_primary
string
Certificate to generate primary HPKP pin from. Source vpn.certificate.local.name vpn.certificate.ca.name.
ssl_hpkp_report_uri
string
URL to report HPKP violations to.
ssl_hsts
string
    Choices:
  • disable
  • enable
Enable/disable including HSTS header in response.
ssl_hsts_age
integer
Number of seconds the client should honour the HSTS setting.
ssl_hsts_include_subdomains
string
    Choices:
  • disable
  • enable
Indicate that HSTS header applies to all subdomains.
ssl_http_location_conversion
string
    Choices:
  • enable
  • disable
Enable to replace HTTP with HTTPS in the reply's Location HTTP header field.
ssl_http_match_host
string
    Choices:
  • enable
  • disable
Enable/disable HTTP host matching for location conversion.
ssl_max_version
string
    Choices:
  • ssl-3.0
  • tls-1.0
  • tls-1.1
  • tls-1.2
Highest SSL/TLS version acceptable from a client.
ssl_min_version
string
    Choices:
  • ssl-3.0
  • tls-1.0
  • tls-1.1
  • tls-1.2
Lowest SSL/TLS version acceptable from a client.
ssl_mode
string
    Choices:
  • half
  • full
Apply SSL offloading between the client and the FortiGate (half) or from the client to the FortiGate and from the FortiGate to the server (full).
ssl_pfs
string
    Choices:
  • require
  • deny
  • allow
Select the cipher suites that can be used for SSL perfect forward secrecy (PFS). Applies to both client and server sessions.
ssl_send_empty_frags
string
    Choices:
  • enable
  • disable
Enable/disable sending empty fragments to avoid CBC IV attacks (SSL 3.0 & TLS 1.0 only). May need to be disabled for compatibility with older systems.
ssl_server_algorithm
string
    Choices:
  • high
  • medium
  • low
  • custom
  • client
Permitted encryption algorithms for the server side of SSL full mode sessions according to encryption strength.
ssl_server_cipher_suites
list
SSL/TLS cipher suites to offer to a server, ordered by priority.
cipher
string
    Choices:
  • TLS-RSA-WITH-3DES-EDE-CBC-SHA
  • TLS-DHE-RSA-WITH-DES-CBC-SHA
  • TLS-DHE-DSS-WITH-DES-CBC-SHA
Cipher suite name.
priority
integer / required
SSL/TLS cipher suites priority.
versions
string
    Choices:
  • ssl-3.0
  • tls-1.0
  • tls-1.1
  • tls-1.2
SSL/TLS versions that the cipher suite can be used with.
ssl_server_max_version
string
    Choices:
  • ssl-3.0
  • tls-1.0
  • tls-1.1
  • tls-1.2
  • client
Highest SSL/TLS version acceptable from a server. Use the client setting by default.
ssl_server_min_version
string
    Choices:
  • ssl-3.0
  • tls-1.0
  • tls-1.1
  • tls-1.2
  • client
Lowest SSL/TLS version acceptable from a server. Use the client setting by default.
ssl_server_session_state_max
integer
Maximum number of FortiGate to Server SSL session states to keep.
ssl_server_session_state_timeout
integer
Number of minutes to keep FortiGate to Server SSL session state.
ssl_server_session_state_type
string
    Choices:
  • disable
  • time
  • count
  • both
How to expire SSL sessions for the segment of the SSL connection between the server and the FortiGate.
state
string
    Choices:
  • present
  • absent
Deprecated
Starting with Ansible 2.9 we recommend using the top-level 'state' parameter.

Indicates whether to create or remove the object.
type
string
    Choices:
  • static-nat
  • load-balance
  • server-load-balance
  • dns-translation
  • fqdn
Configure a static NAT, load balance, server load balance, DNS translation, or FQDN VIP.
uuid
string
Universally Unique Identifier (UUID; automatically assigned but can be manually reset).
weblogic_server
string
    Choices:
  • disable
  • enable
Enable to add an HTTP header to indicate SSL offloading for a WebLogic server.
websphere_server
string
    Choices:
  • disable
  • enable
Enable to add an HTTP header to indicate SSL offloading for a WebSphere server.
host
string
FortiOS or FortiGate IP address.
https
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes ←
Indicates if the requests towards FortiGate must use HTTPS protocol.
password
string
Default:
""
FortiOS or FortiGate password.
ssl_verify
boolean
added in 2.9
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes ←
Ensures FortiGate certificate must be verified by a proper CA.
state
string
added in 2.9
    Choices:
  • present
  • absent
Indicates whether to create or remove the object. This attribute was present already in previous version in a deeper level. It has been moved out to this outer level.
username
string
FortiOS or FortiGate username.
vdom
string
Default:
"root"
Virtual domain, among those defined previously. A vdom is a virtual instance of the FortiGate that can be configured and used as a different unit.

Notes

Note

  • Requires fortiosapi library developed by Fortinet

  • Run as a local_action in your playbook

Examples

- hosts: localhost
  vars:
   host: "192.168.122.40"
   username: "admin"
   password: ""
   vdom: "root"
   ssl_verify: "False"
  tasks:
  - name: Configure virtual IP for IPv4.
    fortios_firewall_vip:
      host:  "{{ host }}"
      username: "{{ username }}"
      password: "{{ password }}"
      vdom:  "{{ vdom }}"
      https: "False"
      state: "present"
      firewall_vip:
        arp_reply: "disable"
        color: "4"
        comment: "Comment."
        dns_mapping_ttl: "6"
        extaddr:
         -
            name: "default_name_8 (source firewall.address.name firewall.addrgrp.name)"
        extintf: "<your_own_value> (source system.interface.name)"
        extip: "<your_own_value>"
        extport: "<your_own_value>"
        gratuitous_arp_interval: "12"
        http_cookie_age: "13"
        http_cookie_domain: "<your_own_value>"
        http_cookie_domain_from_host: "disable"
        http_cookie_generation: "16"
        http_cookie_path: "<your_own_value>"
        http_cookie_share: "disable"
        http_ip_header: "enable"
        http_ip_header_name: "<your_own_value>"
        http_multiplex: "enable"
        https_cookie_secure: "disable"
        id:  "23"
        ldb_method: "static"
        mapped_addr: "<your_own_value> (source firewall.address.name)"
        mappedip:
         -
            range: "<your_own_value>"
        mappedport: "<your_own_value>"
        max_embryonic_connections: "29"
        monitor:
         -
            name: "default_name_31 (source firewall.ldb-monitor.name)"
        name: "default_name_32"
        nat_source_vip: "disable"
        outlook_web_access: "disable"
        persistence: "none"
        portforward: "disable"
        portmapping_type: "1-to-1"
        protocol: "tcp"
        realservers:
         -
            client_ip: "<your_own_value>"
            healthcheck: "disable"
            holddown_interval: "42"
            http_host: "myhostname"
            id:  "44"
            ip: "<your_own_value>"
            max_connections: "46"
            monitor: "<your_own_value> (source firewall.ldb-monitor.name)"
            port: "48"
            status: "active"
            weight: "50"
        server_type: "http"
        service:
         -
            name: "default_name_53 (source firewall.service.custom.name firewall.service.group.name)"
        src_filter:
         -
            range: "<your_own_value>"
        srcintf_filter:
         -
            interface_name: "<your_own_value> (source system.interface.name)"
        ssl_algorithm: "high"
        ssl_certificate: "<your_own_value> (source vpn.certificate.local.name)"
        ssl_cipher_suites:
         -
            cipher: "TLS-RSA-WITH-3DES-EDE-CBC-SHA"
            priority: "62"
            versions: "ssl-3.0"
        ssl_client_fallback: "disable"
        ssl_client_renegotiation: "allow"
        ssl_client_session_state_max: "66"
        ssl_client_session_state_timeout: "67"
        ssl_client_session_state_type: "disable"
        ssl_dh_bits: "768"
        ssl_hpkp: "disable"
        ssl_hpkp_age: "71"
        ssl_hpkp_backup: "<your_own_value> (source vpn.certificate.local.name vpn.certificate.ca.name)"
        ssl_hpkp_include_subdomains: "disable"
        ssl_hpkp_primary: "<your_own_value> (source vpn.certificate.local.name vpn.certificate.ca.name)"
        ssl_hpkp_report_uri: "<your_own_value>"
        ssl_hsts: "disable"
        ssl_hsts_age: "77"
        ssl_hsts_include_subdomains: "disable"
        ssl_http_location_conversion: "enable"
        ssl_http_match_host: "enable"
        ssl_max_version: "ssl-3.0"
        ssl_min_version: "ssl-3.0"
        ssl_mode: "half"
        ssl_pfs: "require"
        ssl_send_empty_frags: "enable"
        ssl_server_algorithm: "high"
        ssl_server_cipher_suites:
         -
            cipher: "TLS-RSA-WITH-3DES-EDE-CBC-SHA"
            priority: "89"
            versions: "ssl-3.0"
        ssl_server_max_version: "ssl-3.0"
        ssl_server_min_version: "ssl-3.0"
        ssl_server_session_state_max: "93"
        ssl_server_session_state_timeout: "94"
        ssl_server_session_state_type: "disable"
        type: "static-nat"
        uuid: "<your_own_value>"
        weblogic_server: "disable"
        websphere_server: "disable"

Return Values

Common return values are documented here, the following are the fields unique to this module:

Key Returned Description
build
string
always
Build number of the fortigate image

Sample:
1547
http_method
string
always
Last method used to provision the content into FortiGate

Sample:
PUT
http_status
string
always
Last result given by FortiGate on last operation applied

Sample:
200
mkey
string
success
Master key (id) used in the last call to FortiGate

Sample:
id
name
string
always
Name of the table used to fulfill the request

Sample:
urlfilter
path
string
always
Path of the table used to fulfill the request

Sample:
webfilter
revision
string
always
Internal revision number

Sample:
17.0.2.10658
serial
string
always
Serial number of the unit

Sample:
FGVMEVYYQT3AB5352
status
string
always
Indication of the operation's result

Sample:
success
vdom
string
always
Virtual domain used

Sample:
root
version
string
always
Version of the FortiGate

Sample:
v5.6.3


Status

Authors

  • Miguel Angel Munoz (@mamunozgonzalez)

  • Nicolas Thomas (@thomnico)

Hint

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