Documentation

ansible

Define and run a single task ‘playbook’ against a set of hosts

Synopsis

usage: ansible [-h] [--version] [-v] [-b] [--become-method BECOME_METHOD]
            [--become-user BECOME_USER] [-K] [-i INVENTORY] [--list-hosts]
            [-l SUBSET] [-P POLL_INTERVAL] [-B SECONDS] [-o] [-t TREE] [-k]
            [--private-key PRIVATE_KEY_FILE] [-u REMOTE_USER]
            [-c CONNECTION] [-T TIMEOUT]
            [--ssh-common-args SSH_COMMON_ARGS]
            [--sftp-extra-args SFTP_EXTRA_ARGS]
            [--scp-extra-args SCP_EXTRA_ARGS]
            [--ssh-extra-args SSH_EXTRA_ARGS] [-C] [--syntax-check] [-D]
            [-e EXTRA_VARS] [--vault-id VAULT_IDS]
            [--ask-vault-pass | --vault-password-file VAULT_PASSWORD_FILES]
            [-f FORKS] [-M MODULE_PATH] [--playbook-dir BASEDIR]
            [-a MODULE_ARGS] [-m MODULE_NAME]
            pattern

Description

is an extra-simple tool/framework/API for doing ‘remote things’. this command allows you to define and run a single task ‘playbook’ against a set of hosts

Common Options

--ask-vault-pass

ask for vault password

--become-method <BECOME_METHOD>

privilege escalation method to use (default=%(default)s), use ansible-doc -t become -l to list valid choices.

--become-user <BECOME_USER>

run operations as this user (default=root)

--list-hosts

outputs a list of matching hosts; does not execute anything else

--playbook-dir <BASEDIR>

Since this tool does not use playbooks, use this as a substitute playbook directory.This sets the relative path for many features including roles/ group_vars/ etc.

--private-key <PRIVATE_KEY_FILE>, --key-file <PRIVATE_KEY_FILE>

use this file to authenticate the connection

--scp-extra-args <SCP_EXTRA_ARGS>

specify extra arguments to pass to scp only (e.g. -l)

--sftp-extra-args <SFTP_EXTRA_ARGS>

specify extra arguments to pass to sftp only (e.g. -f, -l)

--ssh-common-args <SSH_COMMON_ARGS>

specify common arguments to pass to sftp/scp/ssh (e.g. ProxyCommand)

--ssh-extra-args <SSH_EXTRA_ARGS>

specify extra arguments to pass to ssh only (e.g. -R)

--syntax-check

perform a syntax check on the playbook, but do not execute it

--vault-id

the vault identity to use

--vault-password-file

vault password file

--version

show program’s version number, config file location, configured module search path, module location, executable location and exit

-B <SECONDS>, --background <SECONDS>

run asynchronously, failing after X seconds (default=N/A)

-C, --check

don’t make any changes; instead, try to predict some of the changes that may occur

-D, --diff

when changing (small) files and templates, show the differences in those files; works great with –check

-K, --ask-become-pass

ask for privilege escalation password

-M, --module-path

prepend colon-separated path(s) to module library (default=~/.ansible/plugins/modules:/usr/share/ansible/plugins/modules)

-P <POLL_INTERVAL>, --poll <POLL_INTERVAL>

set the poll interval if using -B (default=15)

-T <TIMEOUT>, --timeout <TIMEOUT>

override the connection timeout in seconds (default=10)

-a <MODULE_ARGS>, --args <MODULE_ARGS>

module arguments

-b, --become

run operations with become (does not imply password prompting)

-c <CONNECTION>, --connection <CONNECTION>

connection type to use (default=smart)

-e, --extra-vars

set additional variables as key=value or YAML/JSON, if filename prepend with @

-f <FORKS>, --forks <FORKS>

specify number of parallel processes to use (default=5)

-h, --help

show this help message and exit

-i, --inventory, --inventory-file

specify inventory host path or comma separated host list. –inventory-file is deprecated

-k, --ask-pass

ask for connection password

-l <SUBSET>, --limit <SUBSET>

further limit selected hosts to an additional pattern

-m <MODULE_NAME>, --module-name <MODULE_NAME>

module name to execute (default=command)

-o, --one-line

condense output

-t <TREE>, --tree <TREE>

log output to this directory

-u <REMOTE_USER>, --user <REMOTE_USER>

connect as this user (default=None)

-v, --verbose

verbose mode (-vvv for more, -vvvv to enable connection debugging)

Environment

The following environment variables may be specified.

ANSIBLE_CONFIG – Override the default ansible config file

Many more are available for most options in ansible.cfg

Files

/etc/ansible/ansible.cfg – Config file, used if present

~/.ansible.cfg – User config file, overrides the default config if present

Author

Ansible was originally written by Michael DeHaan.

See the AUTHORS file for a complete list of contributors.

License

Ansible is released under the terms of the GPLv3+ License.

See also

ansible(1), ansible-config(1), ansible-console(1), ansible-doc(1), ansible-galaxy(1), ansible-inventory(1), ansible-playbook(1), ansible-pull(1), ansible-vault(1),