community.zabbix.zabbix_host module – Create/update/delete Zabbix hosts

Note

This module is part of the community.zabbix collection (version 1.9.1).

You might already have this collection installed if you are using the ansible package. It is not included in ansible-core. To check whether it is installed, run ansible-galaxy collection list.

To install it, use: ansible-galaxy collection install community.zabbix. You need further requirements to be able to use this module, see Requirements for details.

To use it in a playbook, specify: community.zabbix.zabbix_host.

Synopsis

  • This module allows you to create, modify and delete Zabbix host entries and associated group and template data.

Requirements

The below requirements are needed on the host that executes this module.

  • python >= 2.6

Parameters

Parameter

Comments

ca_cert

aliases: tls_issuer

string

Required certificate issuer.

Works only with >= Zabbix 3.0

description

string

Description of the host in Zabbix.

force

boolean

Overwrite the host configuration, even if already present.

Choices:

  • false

  • true ← (default)

host_groups

list / elements=string

List of host groups the host is part of.

Make sure the Zabbix user used for Ansible can read these groups.

host_name

string / required

Name of the host in Zabbix.

host_name is the unique identifier used and cannot be updated using this module.

http_login_password

string

Basic Auth password

http_login_user

string

Basic Auth login

interfaces

list / elements=dictionary

List of interfaces to be created for the host (see example below).

For more information, review host interface documentation at

https://www.zabbix.com/documentation/4.0/manual/api/reference/hostinterface/object

Default: []

bulk

integer

Whether to use bulk SNMP requests.

Only valid when interface type=’snmp’.

0 (don’t use bulk requests), 1 (use bulk requests)

Works only with Zabbix <= 4.4 and is silently ignored in higher versions.

Use details with Zabbix >= 5.0.

Choices:

  • 0

  • 1 ← (default)

details

dictionary

Additional details for SNMP host interfaces.

Required when type=’snmp’.

Works only with Zabbix >= 5.0.

Default: {}

authpassphrase

string

SNMPv3 authentication passphrase.

Used when securitylevel=1(authNoPriv) or securitylevel=2(AuthPriv).

Default: ""

authprotocol

integer

SNMPv3 authentication protocol.

Used when securitylevel=1(authNoPriv) or securitylevel=2(AuthPriv).

0 (MD5), 1 (SHA)

Choices:

  • 0 ← (default)

  • 1

bulk

integer

Whether to use bulk SNMP requests.

0 (don’t use bulk requests), 1 (use bulk requests)

Choices:

  • 0

  • 1 ← (default)

community

string

SNMPv1 and SNMPv2 community string.

Required when version=1 or version=2.

Default: ""

contextname

string

SNMPv3 context name.

Default: ""

privpassphrase

string

SNMPv3 privacy passphrase.

Used when securitylevel=2(AuthPriv).

Default: ""

privprotocol

integer

SNMPv3 privacy protocol.

Used when securitylevel=2(authPriv).

0 (DES), 1 (AES)

Choices:

  • 0 ← (default)

  • 1

securitylevel

integer

SNMPv3 security level.

0 (noAuthNoPriv), 1 (authNoPriv), 2 (authPriv).

Choices:

  • 0 ← (default)

  • 1

  • 2

securityname

string

SNMPv3 security name.

Default: ""

version

integer

SNMP version.

1 (SNMPv1), 2 (SNMPv2c), 3 (SNMPv3)

Choices:

  • 1

  • 2 ← (default)

  • 3

dns

string

DNS name of the host interface.

Required if useip=0.

ip

string

IP address used by host interface.

Required if useip=1.

main

integer

Whether the interface is used as default.

If multiple interfaces with the same type are provided, only one can be default.

0 (not default), 1 (default)

Choices:

  • 0 ← (default)

  • 1

port

string

Port used by host interface.

If not specified, default port for each type of interface is used

10050 if type=’agent’

161 if type=’snmp’

623 if type=’ipmi’

12345 if type=’jmx’

type

string / required

Interface type to add

Numerical values are also accepted for interface type

1 = agent

2 = snmp

3 = ipmi

4 = jmx

Choices:

  • "agent"

  • "1"

  • "snmp"

  • "2"

  • "ipmi"

  • "3"

  • "jmx"

  • "4"

useip

integer

Connect to host interface with IP address instead of DNS name.

0 (don’t use ip), 1 (use ip)

Choices:

  • 0 ← (default)

  • 1

inventory_mode

string

Configure the inventory mode.

Choices:

  • "automatic"

  • "manual"

  • "disabled"

inventory_zabbix

dictionary

Add Facts for a zabbix inventory (e.g. Tag) (see example below).

Please review the interface documentation for more information on the supported properties

https://www.zabbix.com/documentation/3.2/manual/api/reference/host/object#host_inventory

ipmi_authtype

integer

IPMI authentication algorithm.

Please review the Host object documentation for more information on the supported properties

https://www.zabbix.com/documentation/3.4/manual/api/reference/host/object

Possible values are, 0 (none), 1 (MD2), 2 (MD5), 4 (straight), 5 (OEM), 6 (RMCP+), with -1 being the API default.

Please note that the Zabbix API will treat absent settings as default when updating any of the ipmi_-options; this means that if you attempt to set any of the four options individually, the rest will be reset to default values.

ipmi_password

string

IPMI password.

also see the last note in the ipmi_authtype documentation

ipmi_privilege

integer

IPMI privilege level.

Please review the Host object documentation for more information on the supported properties

https://www.zabbix.com/documentation/3.4/manual/api/reference/host/object

Possible values are 1 (callback), 2 (user), 3 (operator), 4 (admin), 5 (OEM), with 2 being the API default.

also see the last note in the ipmi_authtype documentation

ipmi_username

string

IPMI username.

also see the last note in the ipmi_authtype documentation

list / elements=string

List of templates linked to the host.

login_password

string

Zabbix user password.

If not set the environment variable ZABBIX_PASSWORD will be used.

This option is deprecated with the move to httpapi connection and will be removed in the next release

login_user

string

Zabbix user name.

If not set the environment variable ZABBIX_USERNAME will be used.

This option is deprecated with the move to httpapi connection and will be removed in the next release

macros

aliases: user_macros

list / elements=dictionary

List of user macros to assign to the zabbix host.

Providing macros=[] with force=yes will clean all of the existing user macros from the host.

description

string

Description of the user macro.

Works only with >= Zabbix 4.4.

Default: ""

macro

string / required

Name of the user macro.

Can be in zabbix native format “{$MACRO}” or short format “MACRO”.

type

string

Type of the macro.

Works only with >= Zabbix 5.0.

Since value is not returned by API for secret macros, there is no reliable way to detect changes in the content of secret macro value.

To update secret macro value, please update description alongside it so it passes the check.

Choices:

  • "text" ← (default)

  • "secret"

value

string / required

Value of the user macro.

proxy

string

The name of the Zabbix proxy to be used.

server_url

aliases: url

string

URL of Zabbix server, with protocol (http or https). url is an alias for server_url.

If not set the environment variable ZABBIX_SERVER will be used.

This option is deprecated with the move to httpapi connection and will be removed in the next release

state

string

State of the host.

On present, it will create if host does not exist or update the host if the associated data is different.

On absent will remove a host if it exists.

Choices:

  • "present" ← (default)

  • "absent"

status

string

Monitoring status of the host.

Choices:

  • "enabled" ← (default)

  • "disabled"

tags

aliases: host_tags

list / elements=dictionary

List of host tags to assign to the zabbix host.

Works only with >= Zabbix 4.2.

Providing tags=[] with force=yes will clean all of the tags from the host.

tag

string / required

Name of the host tag.

value

string

Value of the host tag.

Default: ""

timeout

integer

The timeout of API request (seconds).

This option is deprecated with the move to httpapi connection and will be removed in the next release

The default value is 10

tls_accept

integer

Specifies what types of connections are allowed for incoming connections.

The tls_accept parameter accepts values of 1 to 7

Possible values, 1 (no encryption), 2 (PSK), 4 (certificate).

Values can be combined.

Works only with >= Zabbix 3.0

tls_connect

integer

Specifies what encryption to use for outgoing connections.

Possible values, 1 (no encryption), 2 (PSK), 4 (certificate).

Works only with >= Zabbix 3.0

tls_psk

string

PSK value is a hard to guess string of hexadecimal digits.

The preshared key, at least 32 hex digits. Required if either tls_connect or tls_accept has PSK enabled.

Works only with >= Zabbix 3.0

Using this parameter with Zabbix >= 5.4 makes this module non-idempotent.

tls_psk_identity

string

It is a unique name by which this specific PSK is referred to by Zabbix components

Do not put sensitive information in the PSK identity string, it is transmitted over the network unencrypted.

Works only with >= Zabbix 3.0

Using this parameter with Zabbix >= 5.4 makes this module non-idempotent.

tls_subject

string

Required certificate subject.

Works only with >= Zabbix 3.0

validate_certs

boolean

If set to False, SSL certificates will not be validated. This should only be used on personally controlled sites using self-signed certificates.

If not set the environment variable ZABBIX_VALIDATE_CERTS will be used.

This option is deprecated with the move to httpapi connection and will be removed in the next release

The default value is true

Choices:

  • false

  • true

visible_name

string

Visible name of the host in Zabbix.

Notes

Note

  • If you use login_password=zabbix, the word “zabbix” is replaced by “********” in all module output, because login_password uses no_log. See this FAQ for more information.

Examples

# Set following variables for Zabbix Server host in play or inventory
- name: Set connection specific variables
  set_fact:
    ansible_network_os: community.zabbix.zabbix
    ansible_connection: httpapi
    ansible_httpapi_port: 80
    ansible_httpapi_use_ssl: false
    ansible_httpapi_validate_certs: false
    ansible_zabbix_url_path: 'zabbixeu'  # If Zabbix WebUI runs on non-default (zabbix) path ,e.g. http://<FQDN>/zabbixeu

# If you want to use Username and Password to be authenticated by Zabbix Server
- name: Set credentials to access Zabbix Server API
  set_fact:
    ansible_user: Admin
    ansible_httpapi_pass: zabbix

# If you want to use API token to be authenticated by Zabbix Server
# https://www.zabbix.com/documentation/current/en/manual/web_interface/frontend_sections/administration/general#api-tokens
- name: Set API token
  set_fact:
    ansible_zabbix_auth_key: 8ec0d52432c15c91fcafe9888500cf9a607f44091ab554dbee860f6b44fac895

- name: Create a new host or update an existing host's info
  community.zabbix.zabbix_host:
    host_name: ExampleHost
    visible_name: ExampleName
    description: My ExampleHost Description
    host_groups:
      - Example group1
      - Example group2
    link_templates:
      - Example template1
      - Example template2
    status: enabled
    state: present
    inventory_mode: manual
    inventory_zabbix:
      tag: "{{ your_tag }}"
      alias: "{{ your_alias }}"
      notes: "Special Informations: {{ your_informations | default('None') }}"
      location: "{{ your_location }}"
      site_rack: "{{ your_site_rack }}"
      os: "{{ your_os }}"
      hardware: "{{ your_hardware }}"
    ipmi_authtype: 2
    ipmi_privilege: 4
    ipmi_username: username
    ipmi_password: password
    interfaces:
      - type: 1
        main: 1
        useip: 1
        ip: 10.xx.xx.xx
        dns: ""
        port: "10050"
      - type: 4
        main: 1
        useip: 1
        ip: 10.xx.xx.xx
        dns: ""
        port: "12345"
    proxy: a.zabbix.proxy
    macros:
      - macro: '{$EXAMPLEMACRO}'
        value: ExampleMacroValue
      - macro: EXAMPLEMACRO2
        value: ExampleMacroValue2
        description: Example desc that work only with Zabbix 4.4 and higher
    tags:
      - tag: ExampleHostsTag
      - tag: ExampleHostsTag2
        value: ExampleTagValue

- name: Update an existing host's TLS settings
  community.zabbix.zabbix_host:
    host_name: ExampleHost
    visible_name: ExampleName
    host_groups:
      - Example group1
    tls_psk_identity: test
    tls_connect: 2
    tls_psk: 123456789abcdef123456789abcdef12

Authors

  • Cove (@cove)

  • Tony Minfei Ding

  • Harrison Gu (@harrisongu)

  • Werner Dijkerman (@dj-wasabi)

  • Eike Frost (@eikef)