microsoft.ad.ldap inventory – Inventory plugin for Active Directory

Note

This inventory plugin is part of the microsoft.ad collection (version 1.4.1).

You might already have this collection installed if you are using the ansible package. It is not included in ansible-core. To check whether it is installed, run ansible-galaxy collection list.

To install it, use: ansible-galaxy collection install microsoft.ad. You need further requirements to be able to use this inventory plugin, see Requirements for details.

To use it in a playbook, specify: microsoft.ad.ldap.

New in microsoft.ad 1.1.0

Synopsis

  • Inventory plugin for Active Directory or other LDAP sources.

  • Uses a YAML configuration file that ends with microsoft.ad.ldap.{yml|yaml}.

  • Each host that is added will set the inventory_hostname to the name of the LDAP computer object and ansible_host to the value of the dNSHostName LDAP attribute if set. If the dNSHostName attribute is not set on the computer object then ansible_host is not set. See LDAP inventory hostname for more information on how these values are set and how to adjust them.

  • The host fact microsoft_ad_distinguished_name will also be set to the distinguished name of the host that was used to derive the host entry.

  • Any other fact that is needed, needs to be defined in the attributes option.

Requirements

The below requirements are needed on the local controller node that executes this inventory.

  • dnspython - For option server lookup support

  • pyspnego >= 0.8.0

  • pyspnego[kerberos] - For Kerberos and server lookup support

  • sansldap

Parameters

Parameter

Comments

attributes

dictionary

The LDAP attributes to retrieve.

The keys specified are the LDAP attributes requested and the values for each attribute is a dictionary that reflects what host var to set it to and how.

Each key of the inner dictionary value is the host variable name to set and the value is the template to use to derive the value. If no value is explicitly set then it will use the coerced value as returned from the LDAP attribute.

Attributes that are denoted as single value in the LDAP schema are returned as that single value, multi valued attributes are returned as a list of values.

See LDAP inventory attributes for more information.

Default: {}

auth_protocol

string

The authentication protocol to use when connecting to the LDAP host.

Defaults to certificate if LDAPS/StartTLS is used and certificate has been specified. Otherwise it defaults to negotiate.

simple is simple authentication where the user and password are sent in plaintext. It does not support any encryption so either must be used with LDAPS, or StartTLS. If using over a plaintext LDAP connection without TLS, encrypt=False must be specified to explicitly opt into no encryption.

certificate is TLS client certificate authentication. It can only be used with LDAPS or StartTLS. See certificate for more information on how to specify the client certificate used for authentication.

negotiate will attempt to negotiate Kerberos authentication with a fallback to NTLM. If Kerberos is available the Kerberos credential cache can be used if no username or password is specified.

kerberos will use Kerberos authentication with no NTLM fallback.

ntlm will use NTLM authentication with no Kerberos attempt.

negotiate, kerberos, and ntlm support encryption over LDAP.

Kerberos support requires the pyspnego[kerberos] extras to be installed.

See LDAP authentication for more information.

Choices:

  • "simple"

  • "certificate"

  • "negotiate"

  • "kerberos"

  • "ntlm"

Configuration:

ca_cert

string

Can be the path to a CA certificate PEM or DER file, directory of PEM certificates, or the CA certificate PEM string that is used for certificate validation.

If omitted, the default CA store used for validation is dependent on the current Python settings.

Configuration:

cert_validation

string

The certificate validation behaviour when using a TLS connection.

This can be set to always, ignore, ignore_hostname.

always will perform certificate hostname and CA validation.

ignore will ignore any certificate errors.

ignore_hostname will validate the CA trust chain but will ignore any hostname checks performed by TLS.

See Certificate validation for more information.

Choices:

  • "always" ← (default)

  • "ignore"

  • "ignore_hostname"

Configuration:

certificate

string

The certificate or certificate with key bundle that is used for certificate authentication.

The value can either be a path to a file containing the certificate or string of the PEM encoded certificate.

If using a path to a certificate file, the file can be a PEM encoded certificate, a PEM encoded certificate and key bundle, a DER encoded certificate, or a PFX/PKCS12 encoded certificate and key bundle.

Use certificate_key if the certificate specified does not contain the key.

Use certificate_password if the key is encrypted with a password.

Configuration:

certificate_key

string

The certificate key that is used for certificate authentication.

The value can either be a path to a file containing the key in the PEM or DER encoded form, or it can be the string of a PEM encoded key.

Use certificate_password if the key is encrypted with a password.

Configuration:

certificate_password

string

The password used to decrypt the certificate key specified by certificate or certificate_key.

Configuration:

compose

dictionary

Create vars from jinja2 expressions.

Default: {}

connection_timeout

integer

The timeout in seconds to wait until the connection is established before failing.

Default: 5

Configuration:

encrypt

boolean

Whether encryption is required for the connection.

Encryption can either be performed using the authentication protocol or through TLS.

The auth_protocol negotiate, kerberos, and ntlm all support encryption over LDAP whereas simple does not.

If using auth_protocol=simple over LDAP without TLS then this must be set to False. As no encryption is used, all traffic will be in plaintext and should be avoided.

Choices:

  • false

  • true ← (default)

Configuration:

filter

string

The LDAP filter string used to query the computer objects.

By default, this will be combined with the filter “(objectClass=computer)”. Use filter_without_computer to override this behavior and have filter be the only filter used.

filter_without_computer

boolean

added in microsoft.ad 1.3.0

Will not combine the filter value with the filter “(objectClass=computer)”.

In most cases this should be false but can be set to true to have the filter value specified be the only filter used.

Choices:

  • false ← (default)

  • true

groups

dictionary

Add hosts to group based on Jinja2 conditionals.

Default: {}

keyed_groups

list / elements=dictionary

Add hosts to group based on the values of a variable.

Default: []

default_value

string

added in ansible-core 2.12

The default value when the host variable’s value is an empty string.

This option is mutually exclusive with keyed_groups[].trailing_separator.

key

string

The key from input dictionary used to generate groups

parent_group

string

parent group for keyed group

prefix

string

A keyed group name will start with this prefix

Default: ""

separator

string

separator used to build the keyed group name

Default: "_"

trailing_separator

boolean

added in ansible-core 2.12

Set this option to False to omit the keyed_groups[].separator after the host variable when the value is an empty string.

This option is mutually exclusive with keyed_groups[].default_value.

Choices:

  • false

  • true ← (default)

leading_separator

boolean

added in ansible-core 2.11

Use in conjunction with keyed_groups.

By default, a keyed group that does not have a prefix or a separator provided will have a name that starts with an underscore.

This is because the default prefix is “” and the default separator is “_”.

Set this option to False to omit the leading underscore (or other separator) if no prefix is given.

If the group name is derived from a mapping the separator is still used to concatenate the items.

To not use a separator in the group name at all, set the separator for the keyed group to an empty string instead.

Choices:

  • false

  • true ← (default)

password

string

The password to authenticate with.

If auth_protocol is simple and no password is specified, the bind will be performed as an unauthenticated bind.

If auth_protocol is negotiate, kerberos, or ntlm and no password is specified, it will attempt to use the local cached credential specified by username if available.

Configuration:

port

integer

The LDAP port to use for the connection.

Port 389 is used for LDAP and port 686 is used for LDAPS.

Defaults to port 636 if tls_mode=ldaps otherwise 389.

Configuration:

search_base

string

The LDAP search base to find the computer objects in.

Defaults to the defaultNamingContext of the Active Directory server if not specified.

If searching a larger Active Directory database, it is recommended to narrow the search base to speed up the queries.

search_scope

string

The scope of the LDAP search to perform.

base will search only the current path or object specified by search_base. This is typically not useful for inventory plugins.

one_level will search only the immediate child objects in search_base.

subtree will search the immediate child objects and any nested objects in search_base.

Choices:

  • "base"

  • "one_level"

  • "subtree" ← (default)

server

string

The domain controller/server to connect to.

If not specified the server will be derived from the current krb5.conf default_realm setting and with an SRV DNS lookup.

See Server lookup for more information.

Configuration:

strict

boolean

If yes make invalid entries a fatal error, otherwise skip and continue.

Since it is possible to use facts in the expressions they might not always be available and we ignore those errors by default.

Choices:

  • false ← (default)

  • true

tls_mode

string

The TLS operation to use.

If an explicit port is set to 636 then this defaults to ldaps.

ldaps will connect over LDAPS (port 636).

start_tls will connect over LDAP (port 389) and perform the StartTLS operation before the authentication bind.

It is recommended to use ldaps over start_tls if TLS is going to be used.

Choices:

  • "ldaps"

  • "start_tls"

Configuration:

use_extra_vars

boolean

added in ansible-core 2.11

Merge extra vars into the available variables for composition (highest precedence).

Choices:

  • false ← (default)

  • true

Configuration:

username

string

The username to authenticate with.

If auth_protocol is simple and no username is specified, anonymous authentication is used.

If auth_protocol is negotiate, kerberos, or ntlm and no username is specified, it will attempt to use the local cached credential if available, for example one retrieved by kinit.

Configuration:

Notes

Note

  • See LDAP inventory for more details on how to use this inventory plugin.

  • See LAPS for more details on how this plugin can retrieve the LAPS password information.

  • This plugin is a tech preview and the module options are subject to change based on feedback received.

  • See LDAP connection help for more information about LDAP connections.

Examples

# Set in the file ending with microsoft.ad.ldap.yml or microsoft.ad.ldap.yaml
plugin: microsoft.ad.ldap


####################################################################
#                        Connection Options                        #
#                                                                  #
# These options control how the plugin connects to the LDAP server #
####################################################################

# Connects to ldap://dc01.domain.com:389
server: dc01.domain.com
port: 389

# Connects to ldaps://dc01.domain.com:636
server: dc01.domain.com
tls_mode: ldaps

# Connects to the global catalog
# ldap://dc01.domain.com:3268
server: dc01.domain.com
port: 3268

# Provides explicit user, will use the current Kerberos ticket if no credential
# is provided.
username: [email protected]
password: Password123!

# Only allow Kerberos authentication.
auth_protocol: kerberos

# Verify LDAPS CA chain with custom CA chain.
tls_mode: ldaps
ca_cert: /home/user/certs/ldap.pem


##############################################
#               Search Options               #
#                                            #
# These options control the searching rules  #
##############################################

# Search for computer accounts in the Workshop OU.
search_base: OU=Workshop A,DC=domain,DC=com

# Filter the computer accounts returned for only ones with the dNSDomainName
# attribute set.
filter: (dNSDomainName=*)

# Filter computer accounts returned for ones starting with PROD and with the
# LAPS password set.
filter: (&(sAMAccountName=PROD*)(ms-Mcs-AdmPwd=*))

# See documentation for more details
attributes:
  sAMAccountName:
    sam_account_name:
  objectSid:
    computer_sid:
  pwdLastSet:
    password_last_set: this | microsoft.ad.as_datetime
  comment:
    host_comment
  memberOf:
    computer_membership: this | map("regex_search", '^CN=(?P<name>.+?)((?<!\\),)', '\g<name>') | flatten
  location:


############################################################################
#                             LAPS Integration                             #
#                                                                          #
# Examples on how to use the new Windows LAPS values as connection options #
############################################################################

attributes:
  # msLAPS-Password is used if no encryption has been configured.
  # Currently an encrypted LAPS password is not supported.
  msLAPS-Password:
    ansible_user: (this | from_json).n
    ansible_password: (this | from_json).p

  # msLAPS-EncryptedPassword is used if encryption has been configured.
  # If the Python dpapi-ng library is installed the `this`` value will
  # contain the entry `value` which is the decrypted value. The ``info``
  # entry will contain the reason why the value could not be decrypted.
  msLAPS-EncryptedPassword:
    ansible_user: (this.value | from_json).n
    ansible_password: (this.value | from_json).p

  # ms-Mcs-AdmPwd is used for Legacy LAPS and stores just the password.
  # The username needs to be hardcoded as a string value for this template.
  ms-Mcs-AdmPwd:
    ansible_user: '"Administrator"'
    ansible_password: this


#####################################################################
#                        Constructed Options                        #
#                                                                   #
# These options control the constructed values like vars and groups #
#####################################################################

# Build composed host variables. Requires attributes to be set in the
# attributes option to be referenced here.
compose:
  host_var: computer_sid

# Conditionals that adds found hosts to the groups specified.
groups:
  # Adds all hosts to the windows group
  windows: true

  # Uses the memberOf fact documented above to place the host in the production
  # group if it's a member of that group
  production: '"Production Group" in computer_membership'

# Adds the host to a group site_{{ location }} with the default group of
# site_unknown if the location isn't defined
keyed_groups:
- key: location | default(omit)
  prefix: site
  default_value: unknown

Authors

  • Jordan Borean (@jborean93)

Hint

Configuration entries for each entry type have a low to high priority order. For example, a variable that is lower in the list will override a variable that is higher up.