postgresql_idx – Create or drop indexes from a PostgreSQL database

New in version 2.8.

Synopsis

  • Create or drop indexes from a PostgreSQL database.

Requirements

The below requirements are needed on the host that executes this module.

  • psycopg2

Parameters

Parameter Choices/Defaults Comments
ca_cert
string
Specifies the name of a file containing SSL certificate authority (CA) certificate(s).
If the file exists, the server's certificate will be verified to be signed by one of these authorities.

aliases: ssl_rootcert
cascade
boolean
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
Automatically drop objects that depend on the index, and in turn all objects that depend on those objects.
It used only with state=absent.
Mutually exclusive with concurrent=yes
columns
list / elements=string
List of index columns that need to be covered by index.
Mutually exclusive with state=absent.

aliases: column
concurrent
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes ←
Enable or disable concurrent mode (CREATE / DROP INDEX CONCURRENTLY).
Pay attention, if concurrent=no, the table will be locked (ACCESS EXCLUSIVE) during the building process. For more information about the lock levels see https://www.postgresql.org/docs/current/explicit-locking.html.
If the building process was interrupted for any reason when cuncurrent=yes, the index becomes invalid. In this case it should be dropped and created again.
Mutually exclusive with cascade=yes.
cond
string
Index conditions.
Mutually exclusive with state=absent.
db
string
Name of database to connect to and where the index will be created/dropped.

aliases: login_db
idxname
string / required
Name of the index to create or drop.

aliases: name
idxtype
string
Index type (like btree, gist, gin, etc.).
Mutually exclusive with state=absent.

aliases: type
login_host
string
Host running the database.
login_password
string
The password used to authenticate with.
login_unix_socket
string
Path to a Unix domain socket for local connections.
login_user
string
Default:
"postgres"
The username used to authenticate with.
port
integer
Default:
5432
Database port to connect to.

aliases: login_port
schema
string
Name of a database schema where the index will be created.
session_role
string
Switch to session_role after connecting. The specified session_role must be a role that the current login_user is a member of.
Permissions checking for SQL commands is carried out as though the session_role were the one that had logged in originally.
ssl_mode
string
    Choices:
  • allow
  • disable
  • prefer ←
  • require
  • verify-ca
  • verify-full
Determines whether or with what priority a secure SSL TCP/IP connection will be negotiated with the server.
See https://www.postgresql.org/docs/current/static/libpq-ssl.html for more information on the modes.
Default of prefer matches libpq default.
state
string
    Choices:
  • absent
  • present ←
Index state.
state=present implies the index will be created if it does not exist.
state=absent implies the index will be dropped if it exists.
storage_params
list / elements=string
Storage parameters like fillfactor, vacuum_cleanup_index_scale_factor, etc.
Mutually exclusive with state=absent.
table
string / required
Table to create index on it.
Mutually exclusive with state=absent.
tablespace
string
Set a tablespace for the index.
Mutually exclusive with state=absent.

Notes

Note

  • The index building process can affect database performance.
  • To avoid table locks on production databases, use concurrent=yes (default behavior).
  • The default authentication assumes that you are either logging in as or sudo’ing to the postgres account on the host.
  • To avoid “Peer authentication failed for user postgres” error, use postgres user as a become_user.
  • This module uses psycopg2, a Python PostgreSQL database adapter. You must ensure that psycopg2 is installed on the host before using this module.
  • If the remote host is the PostgreSQL server (which is the default case), then PostgreSQL must also be installed on the remote host.
  • For Ubuntu-based systems, install the postgresql, libpq-dev, and python-psycopg2 packages on the remote host before using this module.
  • The ca_cert parameter requires at least Postgres version 8.4 and psycopg2 version 2.4.3.

See Also

See also

postgresql_table – Create, drop, or modify a PostgreSQL table
The official documentation on the postgresql_table module.
postgresql_tablespace – Add or remove PostgreSQL tablespaces from remote hosts
The official documentation on the postgresql_tablespace module.
PostgreSQL indexes reference
General information about PostgreSQL indexes.
CREATE INDEX reference
Complete reference of the CREATE INDEX command documentation.
ALTER INDEX reference
Complete reference of the ALTER INDEX command documentation.
DROP INDEX reference
Complete reference of the DROP INDEX command documentation.

Examples

- name: Create btree index if not exists test_idx concurrently covering columns id and name of table products
  postgresql_idx:
    db: acme
    table: products
    columns: id,name
    name: test_idx

- name: Create btree index test_idx concurrently with tablespace called ssd and storage parameter
  postgresql_idx:
    db: acme
    table: products
    columns:
    - id
    - name
    idxname: test_idx
    tablespace: ssd
    storage_params:
    - fillfactor=90

- name: Create gist index test_gist_idx concurrently on column geo_data of table map
  postgresql_idx:
    db: somedb
    table: map
    idxtype: gist
    columns: geo_data
    idxname: test_gist_idx

# Note: for the example below pg_trgm extension must be installed for gin_trgm_ops
- name: Create gin index gin0_idx not concurrently on column comment of table test
  postgresql_idx:
    idxname: gin0_idx
    table: test
    columns: comment gin_trgm_ops
    concurrent: no
    idxtype: gin

- name: Drop btree test_idx concurrently
  postgresql_idx:
    db: mydb
    idxname: test_idx
    state: absent

- name: Drop test_idx cascade
  postgresql_idx:
    db: mydb
    idxname: test_idx
    state: absent
    cascade: yes
    concurrent: no

- name: Create btree index test_idx concurrently on columns id,comment where column id > 1
  postgresql_idx:
    db: mydb
    table: test
    columns: id,comment
    idxname: test_idx
    cond: id > 1

Return Values

Common return values are documented here, the following are the fields unique to this module:

Key Returned Description
name
string
always
Index name.

Sample:
foo_idx
query
string
always
Query that was tried to be executed.

Sample:
CREATE INDEX CONCURRENTLY foo_idx ON test_table USING BTREE (id)
schema
string
always
Schema where index exists.

Sample:
public
state
string
always
Index state.

Sample:
present
storage_params
list
always
Index storage parameters.

Sample:
['fillfactor=90']
tablespace
string
always
Tablespace where index exists.

Sample:
ssd
valid
boolean
always
Index validity.

Sample:
True


Status

Authors

  • Andrew Klychkov (@Andersson007)

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