Documentation

copy - Copies files to remote locations

Synopsis

  • The copy module copies a file from the local or remote machine to a location on the remote machine. Use the fetch module to copy files from remote locations to the local box. If you need variable interpolation in copied files, use the template module.
  • For Windows targets, use the win_copy module instead.

Parameters

Parameter Choices/Defaults Comments
attributes
(added in 2.3)
Attributes the file or directory should have. To get supported flags look at the man page for chattr on the target system. This string should contain the attributes in the same order as the one displayed by lsattr.

aliases: attr
backup
bool
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
Create a backup file including the timestamp information so you can get the original file back if you somehow clobbered it incorrectly.
checksum
(added in 2.5)
SHA1 checksum of the file being transferred. Used to validate that the copy of the file was successful.
If this is not provided, ansible will use the local calculated checksum of the src file.
content
When used instead of src, sets the contents of a file directly to the specified value. For anything advanced or with formatting also look at the template module.
decrypt
bool

(added in 2.4)
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes
Default:
Yes
This option controls the autodecryption of source files using vault.
dest
required
Remote absolute path where the file should be copied to. If src is a directory, this must be a directory too. If dest is a nonexistent path and if either dest ends with "/" or src is a directory, dest is created. If src and dest are files, the parent directory of dest isn't created: the task fails if it doesn't already exist.
directory_mode
(added in 1.5)
When doing a recursive copy set the mode for the directories. If this is not set we will use the system defaults. The mode is only set on directories which are newly created, and will not affect those that already existed.
follow
bool

(added in 1.8)
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
This flag indicates that filesystem links in the destination, if they exist, should be followed.
force
bool
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes ←
the default is yes, which will replace the remote file when contents are different than the source. If no, the file will only be transferred if the destination does not exist.

aliases: thirsty
group
Name of the group that should own the file/directory, as would be fed to chown.
local_follow
bool

(added in 2.4)
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes ←
This flag indicates that filesystem links in the source tree, if they exist, should be followed.
mode
Mode the file or directory should be. For those used to /usr/bin/chmod remember that modes are actually octal numbers. You must either specify the leading zero so that Ansible's YAML parser knows it is an octal number (like 0644 or 01777) or quote it (like '644' or '0644' so Ansible receives a string and can do its own conversion from string into number. Giving Ansible a number without following one of these rules will end up with a decimal number which will have unexpected results. As of version 1.8, the mode may be specified as a symbolic mode (for example, u+rwx or u=rw,g=r,o=r). As of version 2.3, the mode may also be the special string preserve. preserve means that the file will be given the same permissions as the source file.
owner
Name of the user that should own the file/directory, as would be fed to chown.
remote_src
bool

(added in 2.0)
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
If no, it will search for src at originating/master machine.
If yes it will go to the remote/target machine for the src. Default is no.
Currently remote_src does not support recursive copying.
remote_src only works with mode=preserve as of version 2.6.
selevel Default:
s0
Level part of the SELinux file context. This is the MLS/MCS attribute, sometimes known as the range. _default feature works as for seuser.
serole
Role part of SELinux file context, _default feature works as for seuser.
setype
Type part of SELinux file context, _default feature works as for seuser.
seuser
User part of SELinux file context. Will default to system policy, if applicable. If set to _default, it will use the user portion of the policy if available.
src
Local path to a file to copy to the remote server; can be absolute or relative. If path is a directory, it is copied recursively. In this case, if path ends with "/", only inside contents of that directory are copied to destination. Otherwise, if it does not end with "/", the directory itself with all contents is copied. This behavior is similar to Rsync.
unsafe_writes
bool

(added in 2.2)
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
Normally this module uses atomic operations to prevent data corruption or inconsistent reads from the target files, sometimes systems are configured or just broken in ways that prevent this. One example are docker mounted files, they cannot be updated atomically and can only be done in an unsafe manner.
This boolean option allows ansible to fall back to unsafe methods of updating files for those cases in which you do not have any other choice. Be aware that this is subject to race conditions and can lead to data corruption.
validate
The validation command to run before copying into place. The path to the file to validate is passed in via '%s' which must be present as in the example below. The command is passed securely so shell features like expansion and pipes won't work.

Notes

Note

  • The copy module recursively copy facility does not scale to lots (>hundreds) of files. For alternative, see synchronize module, which is a wrapper around rsync.
  • For Windows targets, use the win_copy module instead.

Examples

- name: example copying file with owner and permissions
  copy:
    src: /srv/myfiles/foo.conf
    dest: /etc/foo.conf
    owner: foo
    group: foo
    mode: 0644

- name: The same example as above, but using a symbolic mode equivalent to 0644
  copy:
    src: /srv/myfiles/foo.conf
    dest: /etc/foo.conf
    owner: foo
    group: foo
    mode: u=rw,g=r,o=r

- name: Another symbolic mode example, adding some permissions and removing others
  copy:
    src: /srv/myfiles/foo.conf
    dest: /etc/foo.conf
    owner: foo
    group: foo
    mode: u+rw,g-wx,o-rwx

- name: Copy a new "ntp.conf file into place, backing up the original if it differs from the copied version
  copy:
    src: /mine/ntp.conf
    dest: /etc/ntp.conf
    owner: root
    group: root
    mode: 0644
    backup: yes

- name: Copy a new "sudoers" file into place, after passing validation with visudo
  copy:
    src: /mine/sudoers
    dest: /etc/sudoers
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s

- name: Copy a "sudoers" file on the remote machine for editing
  copy:
    src: /etc/sudoers
    dest: /etc/sudoers.edit
    remote_src: yes
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s

- name: Copy using the 'content' for inline data
  copy:
    content: '# This file was moved to /etc/other.conf'
    dest: /etc/mine.conf'

Return Values

Common return values are documented here, the following are the fields unique to this module:

Key Returned Description
backup_file
string
changed and if backup=yes
name of backup file created

Sample:
/path/to/[email protected]:09~
checksum
string
success
sha1 checksum of the file after running copy

Sample:
6e642bb8dd5c2e027bf21dd923337cbb4214f827
dest
string
success
destination file/path

Sample:
/path/to/file.txt
gid
int
success
group id of the file, after execution

Sample:
100
group
string
success
group of the file, after execution

Sample:
httpd
md5sum
string
when supported
md5 checksum of the file after running copy

Sample:
2a5aeecc61dc98c4d780b14b330e3282
mode
string
success
permissions of the target, after execution

Sample:
420
owner
string
success
owner of the file, after execution

Sample:
httpd
size
int
success
size of the target, after execution

Sample:
1220
src
string
changed
source file used for the copy on the target machine

Sample:
/home/httpd/.ansible/tmp/ansible-tmp-1423796390.97-147729857856000/source
state
string
success
state of the target, after execution

Sample:
file
uid
int
success
owner id of the file, after execution

Sample:
100


Status

This module is flagged as stableinterface which means that the maintainers for this module guarantee that no backward incompatible interface changes will be made.

Support

For more information about Red Hat’s support of this module, please refer to this Knowledge Base article

Author

  • Ansible Core Team
  • Michael DeHaan

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