Documentation

cs_instance - Manages instances and virtual machines on Apache CloudStack based clouds.

New in version 2.0.

Synopsis

  • Deploy, start, update, scale, restart, restore, stop and destroy instances.

Requirements

The below requirements are needed on the host that executes this module.

  • python >= 2.6
  • cs >= 0.6.10

Parameters

Parameter Choices/Defaults Comments
account
Account the instance is related to.
affinity_groups
Affinity groups names to be applied to the new instance.

aliases: affinity_group
allow_root_disk_shrink
bool

(added in 2.7)
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
Enables a volume shrinkage when the new size is smaller than the old one.
api_http_method
    Choices:
  • get
  • post
HTTP method used to query the API endpoint.
If not given, the CLOUDSTACK_METHOD env variable is considered.
As the last option, the value is taken from the ini config file, also see the notes.
Fallback value is get if not specified.
api_key
API key of the CloudStack API.
If not given, the CLOUDSTACK_KEY env variable is considered.
As the last option, the value is taken from the ini config file, also see the notes.
api_region Default:
cloudstack
Name of the ini section in the cloustack.ini file.
If not given, the CLOUDSTACK_REGION env variable is considered.
api_secret
Secret key of the CloudStack API.
If not set, the CLOUDSTACK_SECRET env variable is considered.
As the last option, the value is taken from the ini config file, also see the notes.
api_timeout
HTTP timeout in seconds.
If not given, the CLOUDSTACK_TIMEOUT env variable is considered.
As the last option, the value is taken from the ini config file, also see the notes.
Fallback value is 10 seconds if not specified.
api_url
URL of the CloudStack API e.g. https://cloud.example.com/client/api.
If not given, the CLOUDSTACK_ENDPOINT env variable is considered.
As the last option, the value is taken from the ini config file, also see the notes.
cpu
The number of CPUs to allocate to the instance, used with custom service offerings
cpu_speed
The clock speed/shares allocated to the instance, used with custom service offerings
details
(added in 2.6)
Map to specify custom parameters.
disk_offering
Name of the disk offering to be used.
disk_size
Disk size in GByte required if deploying instance from ISO.
display_name
Custom display name of the instances.
Display name will be set to name if not specified.
Either name or display_name is required.
domain
Domain the instance is related to.
force
bool
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
Force stop/start the instance if required to apply changes, otherwise a running instance will not be changed.
group
Group in where the new instance should be in.
host
(added in 2.6)
Host on which an instance should be deployed or started on.
Only considered when state=started or instance is running.
Requires root admin privileges.
hypervisor
    Choices:
  • KVM
  • kvm
  • VMware
  • vmware
  • BareMetal
  • baremetal
  • XenServer
  • xenserver
  • LXC
  • lxc
  • HyperV
  • hyperv
  • UCS
  • ucs
  • OVM
  • ovm
  • Simulator
  • simulator
Name the hypervisor to be used for creating the new instance.
Relevant when using state=present, but only considered if not set on ISO/template.
If not set or found on ISO/template, first found hypervisor will be used.
ip6_address
IPv6 address for default instance's network.
ip_address
IPv4 address for default instance's network during creation.
ip_to_networks
List of mappings in the form {'network': NetworkName, 'ip': 1.2.3.4}
Mutually exclusive with networks option.

aliases: ip_to_network
iso
Name or id of the ISO to be used for creating the new instance.
Required when using state=present.
Mutually exclusive with template option.
keyboard
    Choices:
  • de
  • de-ch
  • es
  • fi
  • fr
  • fr-be
  • fr-ch
  • is
  • it
  • jp
  • nl-be
  • no
  • pt
  • uk
  • us
Keyboard device type for the instance.
memory
The memory allocated to the instance, used with custom service offerings
name
Host name of the instance. name can only contain ASCII letters.
Name will be generated (UUID) by CloudStack if not specified and can not be changed afterwards.
Either name or display_name is required.
networks
List of networks to use for the new instance.

aliases: network
poll_async
bool
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes ←
Poll async jobs until job has finished.
project
Name of the project the instance to be deployed in.
root_disk_size
Root disk size in GByte required if deploying instance with KVM hypervisor and want resize the root disk size at startup (need CloudStack >= 4.4, cloud-initramfs-growroot installed and enabled in the template)
security_groups
List of security groups the instance to be applied to.

aliases: security_group
service_offering
Name or id of the service offering of the new instance.
If not set, first found service offering is used.
ssh_key
Name of the SSH key to be deployed on the new instance.
state
    Choices:
  • deployed
  • started
  • stopped
  • restarted
  • restored
  • destroyed
  • expunged
  • present ←
  • absent
State of the instance.
tags
List of tags. Tags are a list of dictionaries having keys key and value.
If you want to delete all tags, set a empty list e.g. tags: [].

aliases: tag
template
Name, display text or id of the template to be used for creating the new instance.
Required when using state=present.
Mutually exclusive with ISO option.
template_filter
(added in 2.1)
    Choices:
  • all
  • featured
  • self
  • selfexecutable
  • sharedexecutable
  • executable ←
  • community
Name of the filter used to search for the template or iso.
Used for params iso or template on state=present.
The filter all was added in 2.6.

aliases: iso_filter
user_data
Optional data (ASCII) that can be sent to the instance upon a successful deployment.
The data will be automatically base64 encoded.
Consider switching to HTTP_POST by using CLOUDSTACK_METHOD=post to increase the HTTP_GET size limit of 2KB to 32 KB.
zone
Name of the zone in which the instance should be deployed.
If not set, default zone is used.

Notes

Note

  • Ansible uses the cs library’s configuration method if credentials are not provided by the arguments api_url, api_key, api_secret. Configuration is read from several locations, in the following order. The CLOUDSTACK_ENDPOINT, CLOUDSTACK_KEY, CLOUDSTACK_SECRET and CLOUDSTACK_METHOD. CLOUDSTACK_TIMEOUT environment variables. A CLOUDSTACK_CONFIG environment variable pointing to an .ini file. A cloudstack.ini file in the current working directory. A .cloudstack.ini file in the users home directory. Optionally multiple credentials and endpoints can be specified using ini sections in cloudstack.ini. Use the argument api_region to select the section name, default section is cloudstack. See https://github.com/exoscale/cs for more information.
  • A detailed guide about cloudstack modules can be found in the CloudStack Cloud Guide.
  • This module supports check mode.

Examples

# NOTE: Names of offerings and ISOs depending on the CloudStack configuration.
- name: create a instance from an ISO
  cs_instance:
    name: web-vm-1
    iso: Linux Debian 7 64-bit
    hypervisor: VMware
    project: Integration
    zone: ch-zrh-ix-01
    service_offering: 1cpu_1gb
    disk_offering: PerfPlus Storage
    disk_size: 20
    networks:
      - Server Integration
      - Sync Integration
      - Storage Integration
  delegate_to: localhost

- name: for changing a running instance, use the 'force' parameter
  cs_instance:
    name: web-vm-1
    display_name: web-vm-01.example.com
    iso: Linux Debian 7 64-bit
    service_offering: 2cpu_2gb
    force: yes
  delegate_to: localhost

# NOTE: user_data can be used to kickstart the instance using cloud-init yaml config.
- name: create or update a instance on Exoscale's public cloud using display_name.
  cs_instance:
    display_name: web-vm-1
    template: Linux Debian 7 64-bit
    service_offering: Tiny
    ssh_key: [email protected]
    tags:
      - key: admin
        value: john
      - key: foo
        value: bar
    user_data: |
        #cloud-config
        packages:
          - nginx
  delegate_to: localhost

- name: create an instance with multiple interfaces specifying the IP addresses
  cs_instance:
    name: web-vm-1
    template: Linux Debian 7 64-bit
    service_offering: Tiny
    ip_to_networks:
      - network: NetworkA
        ip: 10.1.1.1
      - network: NetworkB
        ip: 192.0.2.1
  delegate_to: localhost

- name: ensure an instance is stopped
  cs_instance:
    name: web-vm-1
    state: stopped
  delegate_to: localhost

- name: ensure an instance is running
  cs_instance:
    name: web-vm-1
    state: started
  delegate_to: localhost

- name: remove an instance
  cs_instance:
    name: web-vm-1
    state: absent
  delegate_to: localhost

Return Values

Common return values are documented here, the following are the fields unique to this module:

Key Returned Description
account
string
success
Account the instance is related to.

Sample:
example account
affinity_groups
list
success
Affinity groups the instance is in.

Sample:
[ "webservers" ]
created
string
success
Date of the instance was created.

Sample:
2014-12-01T14:57:57+0100
default_ip
string
success
Default IP address of the instance.

Sample:
10.23.37.42
default_ip6
string

(added in 2.6)
success
Default IPv6 address of the instance.

Sample:
2a04:c43:c00:a07:4b4:beff:fe00:74
display_name
string
success
Display name of the instance.

Sample:
web-01
domain
string
success
Domain the instance is related to.

Sample:
example domain
group
string
success
Group name of the instance is related.

Sample:
web
host
string

(added in 2.6)
success and instance is running
Hostname of hypervisor an instance is running on.

Sample:
host-01.example.com
hypervisor
string
success
Hypervisor related to this instance.

Sample:
KVM
id
string
success
UUID of the instance.

Sample:
04589590-ac63-4ffc-93f5-b698b8ac38b6
instance_name
string
success
Internal name of the instance (ROOT admin only).

Sample:
i-44-3992-VM
iso
string
success
Name of ISO the instance was deployed with.

Sample:
Debian-8-64bit
name
string
success
Name of the instance.

Sample:
web-01
password
string
success
The password of the instance if exists.

Sample:
Ge2oe7Do
password_enabled
boolean
success
True if password setting is enabled.

Sample:
True
project
string
success
Name of project the instance is related to.

Sample:
Production
public_ip
string
success
Public IP address with instance via static NAT rule.

Sample:
1.2.3.4
security_groups
list
success
Security groups the instance is in.

Sample:
[ "default" ]
service_offering
string
success
Name of the service offering the instance has.

Sample:
2cpu_2gb
ssh_key
string
success
Name of SSH key deployed to instance.

Sample:
state
string
success
State of the instance.

Sample:
Running
tags
dict
success
List of resource tags associated with the instance.

Sample:
[ { "key": "foo", "value": "bar" } ]
template
string
success
Name of template the instance was deployed with.

Sample:
Linux Debian 9 64-bit
template_display_text
string

(added in 2.6)
success
Display text of template the instance was deployed with.

Sample:
Linux Debian 9 64-bit 200G Disk (2017-10-08-622866)
zone
string
success
Name of zone the instance is in.

Sample:
ch-gva-2


Status

This module is flagged as stableinterface which means that the maintainers for this module guarantee that no backward incompatible interface changes will be made.

Maintenance

This module is flagged as community which means that it is maintained by the Ansible Community. See Module Maintenance & Support for more info.

For a list of other modules that are also maintained by the Ansible Community, see here.

Author

  • René Moser (@resmo)

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