Documentation

ec2_key - create or delete an ec2 key pair

New in version 1.5.

Synopsis

  • create or delete an ec2 key pair.

Requirements

The below requirements are needed on the host that executes this module.

  • boto
  • boto3
  • python >= 2.6

Parameters

Parameter Choices/Defaults Comments
aws_access_key
AWS access key. If not set then the value of the AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID, AWS_ACCESS_KEY or EC2_ACCESS_KEY environment variable is used.

aliases: ec2_access_key, access_key
aws_secret_key
AWS secret key. If not set then the value of the AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY, AWS_SECRET_KEY, or EC2_SECRET_KEY environment variable is used.

aliases: ec2_secret_key, secret_key
ec2_url
Url to use to connect to EC2 or your Eucalyptus cloud (by default the module will use EC2 endpoints). Ignored for modules where region is required. Must be specified for all other modules if region is not used. If not set then the value of the EC2_URL environment variable, if any, is used.
force
(added in 2.3)
Default:
yes
Force overwrite of already existing key pair if key has changed.
key_material
Public key material.
name
required
Name of the key pair.
profile
(added in 1.6)
Uses a boto profile. Only works with boto >= 2.24.0.
region
The AWS region to use. If not specified then the value of the AWS_REGION or EC2_REGION environment variable, if any, is used. See http://docs.aws.amazon.com/general/latest/gr/rande.html#ec2_region

aliases: aws_region, ec2_region
security_token
(added in 1.6)
AWS STS security token. If not set then the value of the AWS_SECURITY_TOKEN or EC2_SECURITY_TOKEN environment variable is used.

aliases: access_token
state
    Choices:
  • present ←
  • absent
create or delete keypair
validate_certs
bool

(added in 1.5)
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes ←
When set to "no", SSL certificates will not be validated for boto versions >= 2.6.0.
wait
(added in 1.6)
Default:
no
Wait for the specified action to complete before returning. This option has no effect since version 2.5.
wait_timeout
(added in 1.6)
Default:
300
How long before wait gives up, in seconds. This option has no effect since version 2.5.

Notes

Note

  • If parameters are not set within the module, the following environment variables can be used in decreasing order of precedence AWS_URL or EC2_URL, AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID or AWS_ACCESS_KEY or EC2_ACCESS_KEY, AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY or AWS_SECRET_KEY or EC2_SECRET_KEY, AWS_SECURITY_TOKEN or EC2_SECURITY_TOKEN, AWS_REGION or EC2_REGION
  • Ansible uses the boto configuration file (typically ~/.boto) if no credentials are provided. See https://boto.readthedocs.io/en/latest/boto_config_tut.html
  • AWS_REGION or EC2_REGION can be typically be used to specify the AWS region, when required, but this can also be configured in the boto config file

Examples

# Note: These examples do not set authentication details, see the AWS Guide for details.

- name: create a new ec2 key pair, returns generated private key
  ec2_key:
    name: my_keypair

- name: create key pair using provided key_material
  ec2_key:
    name: my_keypair
    key_material: 'ssh-rsa AAAAxyz...== [email protected]'

- name: create key pair using key_material obtained using 'file' lookup plugin
  ec2_key:
    name: my_keypair
    key_material: "{{ lookup('file', '/path/to/public_key/id_rsa.pub') }}"

# try creating a key pair with the name of an already existing keypair
# but don't overwrite it even if the key is different (force=false)
- name: try creating a key pair with name of an already existing keypair
  ec2_key:
    name: my_existing_keypair
    key_material: 'ssh-rsa AAAAxyz...== [email protected]'
    force: false

- name: remove key pair by name
  ec2_key:
    name: my_keypair
    state: absent

Return Values

Common return values are documented here, the following are the fields unique to this module:

Key Returned Description
changed
bool
always
whether a keypair was created/deleted

Sample:
True
key
complex
always
details of the keypair (this is set to null when state is absent)

  private_key
string
when a new keypair is created by AWS (key_material is not provided)
private key of a newly created keypair

Sample:
-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY----- MIIEowIBAAKC... -----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
  name
string
when state is present
name of the keypair

Sample:
my_keypair
  fingerprint
string
when state is present
fingerprint of the key

Sample:
b0:22:49:61:d9:44:9d:0c:7e:ac:8a:32:93:21:6c:e8:fb:59:62:43
msg
string
always
short message describing the action taken

Sample:
key pair created


Status

This module is flagged as stableinterface which means that the maintainers for this module guarantee that no backward incompatible interface changes will be made.

Maintenance

This module is flagged as certified which means that it is maintained by an Ansible Partner. See Module Maintenance & Support for more info.

For a list of other modules that are also maintained by an Ansible Partner, see here.

Author

  • Vincent Viallet (@zbal)
  • Prasad Katti (@prasadkatti)

Hint

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