postgresql_query – Run PostgreSQL queries

New in version 2.8.

Synopsis

  • Runs arbitrary PostgreSQL queries.
  • Can run queries from SQL script files.

Requirements

The below requirements are needed on the host that executes this module.

  • psycopg2

Parameters

Parameter Choices/Defaults Comments
ca_cert
string
Specifies the name of a file containing SSL certificate authority (CA) certificate(s).
If the file exists, the server's certificate will be verified to be signed by one of these authorities.

aliases: ssl_rootcert
db
string
Name of database to connect to and run queries against.

aliases: login_db
login_host
string
Host running the database.
login_password
string
The password used to authenticate with.
login_unix_socket
string
Path to a Unix domain socket for local connections.
login_user
string
Default:
"postgres"
The username used to authenticate with.
named_args
dictionary
Dictionary of key-value arguments to pass to the query.
Mutually exclusive with positional_args.
path_to_script
path
Path to SQL script on the remote host.
Returns result of the last query in the script.
Mutually exclusive with query.
port
integer
Default:
5432
Database port to connect to.

aliases: login_port
positional_args
list
List of values to be passed as positional arguments to the query.
Mutually exclusive with named_args.
query
string
SQL query to run. Variables can be escaped with psycopg2 syntax http://initd.org/psycopg/docs/usage.html.
session_role
string
Switch to session_role after connecting. The specified session_role must be a role that the current login_user is a member of.
Permissions checking for SQL commands is carried out as though the session_role were the one that had logged in originally.
ssl_mode
string
    Choices:
  • allow
  • disable
  • prefer ←
  • require
  • verify-ca
  • verify-full
Determines whether or with what priority a secure SSL TCP/IP connection will be negotiated with the server.
See https://www.postgresql.org/docs/current/static/libpq-ssl.html for more information on the modes.
Default of prefer matches libpq default.

Notes

Note

  • The default authentication assumes that you are either logging in as or sudo’ing to the postgres account on the host.
  • To avoid “Peer authentication failed for user postgres” error, use postgres user as a become_user.
  • This module uses psycopg2, a Python PostgreSQL database adapter. You must ensure that psycopg2 is installed on the host before using this module. If the remote host is the PostgreSQL server (which is the default case), then PostgreSQL must also be installed on the remote host. For Ubuntu-based systems, install the postgresql, libpq-dev, and python-psycopg2 packages on the remote host before using this module.
  • The default authentication assumes that you are either logging in as or sudo’ing to the postgres account on the host.
  • This module uses psycopg2, a Python PostgreSQL database adapter. You must ensure that psycopg2 is installed on the host before using this module. If the remote host is the PostgreSQL server (which is the default case), then PostgreSQL must also be installed on the remote host. For Ubuntu-based systems, install the postgresql, libpq-dev, and python-psycopg2 packages on the remote host before using this module.
  • The ca_cert parameter requires at least Postgres version 8.4 and psycopg2 version 2.4.3.

Examples

- name: Simple select query to acme db
  postgresql_query:
    db: acme
    query: SELECT version()

- name: Select query to db acme with positional arguments and non-default credentials
  postgresql_query:
    db: acme
    login_user: django
    login_password: mysecretpass
    query: SELECT * FROM acme WHERE id = %s AND story = %s
    positional_args:
    - 1
    - test

- name: Select query to test_db with named_args
  postgresql_query:
    db: test_db
    query: SELECT * FROM test WHERE id = %(id_val)s AND story = %(story_val)s
    named_args:
      id_val: 1
      story_val: test

- name: Insert query to db test_db
  postgresql_query:
    db: test_db
    query: INSERT INTO test_db (id, story) VALUES (2, 'my_long_story')

- name: Run queries from SQL script
  postgresql_query:
    db: test_db
    path_to_script: /var/lib/pgsql/test.sql
    positional_args:
    - 1

Return Values

Common return values are documented here, the following are the fields unique to this module:

Key Returned Description
query
string
always
Query that was tried to be executed.

Sample:
SELECT * FROM bar
query_result
list
changed
List of dictionaries in column:value form representing returned rows.

Sample:
[{'Column': 'Value1'}, {'Column': 'Value2'}]
rowcount
integer
changed
Number of affected rows.

Sample:
5
statusmessage
string
always
Attribute containing the message returned by the command.

Sample:
INSERT 0 1


Status

Authors

  • Felix Archambault (@archf)
  • Andrew Klychkov (@Andersson007)
  • Will Rouesnel (@wrouesnel)

Hint

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