uri – Interacts with webservices

Synopsis

  • Interacts with HTTP and HTTPS web services and supports Digest, Basic and WSSE HTTP authentication mechanisms.
  • For Windows targets, use the win_uri module instead.

Parameters

Parameter Choices/Defaults Comments
body
raw
The body of the http request/response to the web service. If body_format is set to 'json' it will take an already formatted JSON string or convert a data structure into JSON. If body_format is set to 'form-urlencoded' it will convert a dictionary or list of tuples into an 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded' string. (Added in v2.7)
body_format
string
added in 2.0
    Choices:
  • form-urlencoded
  • json
  • raw ←
The serialization format of the body. When set to json or form-urlencoded, encodes the body argument, if needed, and automatically sets the Content-Type header accordingly. As of 2.3 it is possible to override the `Content-Type` header, when set to json or form-urlencoded via the headers option.
client_cert
path
added in 2.4
PEM formatted certificate chain file to be used for SSL client authentication.
This file can also include the key as well, and if the key is included, client_key is not required
client_key
path
added in 2.4
PEM formatted file that contains your private key to be used for SSL client authentication.
If client_cert contains both the certificate and key, this option is not required.
creates
path
A filename, when it already exists, this step will not be run.
dest
path
A path of where to download the file to (if desired). If dest is a directory, the basename of the file on the remote server will be used.
follow_redirects
string
    Choices:
  • all
  • none
  • safe ←
Whether or not the URI module should follow redirects. all will follow all redirects. safe will follow only "safe" redirects, where "safe" means that the client is only doing a GET or HEAD on the URI to which it is being redirected. none will not follow any redirects. Note that yes and no choices are accepted for backwards compatibility, where yes is the equivalent of all and no is the equivalent of safe. yes and no are deprecated and will be removed in some future version of Ansible.
force
boolean
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
If yes do not get a cached copy.

aliases: thirsty
force_basic_auth
boolean
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
Force the sending of the Basic authentication header upon initial request.
The library used by the uri module only sends authentication information when a webservice responds to an initial request with a 401 status. Since some basic auth services do not properly send a 401, logins will fail.
HEADER_
dictionary
Any parameter starting with "HEADER_" is a sent with your request as a header. For example, HEADER_Content-Type="application/json" would send the header "Content-Type" along with your request with a value of "application/json".
This option is deprecated as of 2.1 and will be removed in Ansible 2.9. Use headers instead.
headers
dictionary
added in 2.1
Add custom HTTP headers to a request in the format of a YAML hash. As of 2.3 supplying Content-Type here will override the header generated by supplying json or form-urlencoded for body_format.
http_agent
string
Default:
"ansible-httpget"
Header to identify as, generally appears in web server logs.
method
string
Default:
"GET"
The HTTP method of the request or response.
In more recent versions we do not restrict the method at the module level anymore but it still must be a valid method accepted by the service handling the request.
others
-
All arguments accepted by the file module also work here
remote_src
boolean
added in 2.7
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
If no, the module will search for src on originating/master machine.
If yes the module will use the src path on the remote/target machine.
removes
path
A filename, when it does not exist, this step will not be run.
return_content
boolean
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
Whether or not to return the body of the response as a "content" key in the dictionary result.
Independently of this option, if the reported Content-type is "application/json", then the JSON is always loaded into a key called json in the dictionary results.
src
path
added in 2.7
Path to file to be submitted to the remote server.
Cannot be used with body.
status_code
list
Default:
[200]
A list of valid, numeric, HTTP status codes that signifies success of the request.
timeout
integer
Default:
30
The socket level timeout in seconds
unix_socket
-
added in 2.8
Path to Unix domain socket to use for connection
url
string / required
HTTP or HTTPS URL in the form (http|https)://host.domain[:port]/path
url_password
string
A password for the module to use for Digest, Basic or WSSE authentication.

aliases: password
url_username
string
A username for the module to use for Digest, Basic or WSSE authentication.

aliases: user
use_proxy
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes ←
If no, it will not use a proxy, even if one is defined in an environment variable on the target hosts.
validate_certs
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes ←
If no, SSL certificates will not be validated.
This should only set to no used on personally controlled sites using self-signed certificates.
Prior to 1.9.2 the code defaulted to no.

Notes

Note

  • The dependency on httplib2 was removed in Ansible 2.1.
  • The module returns all the HTTP headers in lower-case.
  • For Windows targets, use the win_uri module instead.

See Also

See also

get_url – Downloads files from HTTP, HTTPS, or FTP to node
The official documentation on the get_url module.
win_uri – Interacts with webservices
The official documentation on the win_uri module.

Examples

- name: Check that you can connect (GET) to a page and it returns a status 200
  uri:
    url: http://www.example.com

- name: Check that a page returns a status 200 and fail if the word AWESOME is not in the page contents
  uri:
    url: http://www.example.com
    return_content: yes
  register: this
  failed_when: "'AWESOME' not in this.content"

- name: Create a JIRA issue
  uri:
    url: https://your.jira.example.com/rest/api/2/issue/
    user: your_username
    password: your_pass
    method: POST
    body: "{{ lookup('file','issue.json') }}"
    force_basic_auth: yes
    status_code: 201
    body_format: json

- name: Login to a form based webpage, then use the returned cookie to access the app in later tasks
  uri:
    url: https://your.form.based.auth.example.com/index.php
    method: POST
    body_format: form-urlencoded
    body:
      name: your_username
      password: your_password
      enter: Sign in
    status_code: 302
  register: login

- name: Login to a form based webpage using a list of tuples
  uri:
    url: https://your.form.based.auth.example.com/index.php
    method: POST
    body_format: form-urlencoded
    body:
    - [ name, your_username ]
    - [ password, your_password ]
    - [ enter, Sign in ]
    status_code: 302
  register: login

- name: Connect to website using a previously stored cookie
  uri:
    url: https://your.form.based.auth.example.com/dashboard.php
    method: GET
    return_content: yes
    headers:
      Cookie: "{{ login.set_cookie }}"

- name: Queue build of a project in Jenkins
  uri:
    url: http://{{ jenkins.host }}/job/{{ jenkins.job }}/build?token={{ jenkins.token }}
    user: "{{ jenkins.user }}"
    password: "{{ jenkins.password }}"
    method: GET
    force_basic_auth: yes
    status_code: 201

- name: POST from contents of local file
  uri:
    url: https://httpbin.org/post
    method: POST
    src: file.json

- name: POST from contents of remote file
  uri:
    url: https://httpbin.org/post
    method: POST
    src: /path/to/my/file.json
    remote_src: yes

Return Values

Common return values are documented here, the following are the fields unique to this module:

Key Returned Description
elapsed
integer
on success
The number of seconds that elapsed while performing the download

Sample:
23
msg
string
always
The HTTP message from the request

Sample:
OK (unknown bytes)
redirected
boolean
on success
Whether the request was redirected

status
integer
always
The HTTP status code from the request

Sample:
200
url
string
always
The actual URL used for the request

Sample:
https://www.ansible.com/


Status

Red Hat Support

More information about Red Hat’s support of this module is available from this Red Hat Knowledge Base article.

Authors

  • Romeo Theriault (@romeotheriault)

Hint

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