Documentation

vmware_guest - Manages virtual machines in vCenter

New in version 2.2.

Synopsis

  • This module can be used to create new virtual machines from templates or other virtual machines, manage power state of virtual machine such as power on, power off, suspend, shutdown, reboot, restart etc., modify various virtual machine components like network, disk, customization etc., rename a virtual machine and remove a virtual machine with associated components.

Requirements

The below requirements are needed on the host that executes this module.

  • python >= 2.6
  • PyVmomi

Parameters

Parameter Choices/Defaults Comments
annotation
(added in 2.3)
A note or annotation to include in the virtual machine.
cdrom
(added in 2.5)
A CD-ROM configuration for the virtual machine.
Valid attributes are:
- type (string): The type of CD-ROM, valid options are none, client or iso. With none the CD-ROM will be disconnected but present.
- iso_path (string): The datastore path to the ISO file to use, in the form of [datastore1] path/to/file.iso. Required if type is set iso.
cluster
(added in 2.3)
The cluster name where the virtual machine will run.
This is a required parameter, if esxi_hostname is not set.
esxi_hostname and cluster are mutually exclusive parameters.
This parameter is case sensitive.
customization
(added in 2.3)
Parameters for OS customization when cloning from the template or the virtual machine.
Not all operating systems are supported for customization with respective vCenter version, please check VMware documentation for respective OS customization.
For supported customization operating system matrix, (see http://partnerweb.vmware.com/programs/guestOS/guest-os-customization-matrix.pdf)
All parameters and VMware object names are case sensitive.
Linux based OSes requires Perl package to be installed for OS customizations.
Common parameters (Linux/Windows):
- dns_servers (list): List of DNS servers to configure.
- dns_suffix (list): List of domain suffixes, also known as DNS search path (default: domain parameter).
- domain (string): DNS domain name to use.
- hostname (string): Computer hostname (default: shorted name parameter). Allowed characters are alphanumeric (uppercase and lowercase) and minus, rest of the characters are dropped as per RFC 952.
Parameters related to Windows customization:
- autologon (bool): Auto logon after virtual machine customization (default: False).
- autologoncount (int): Number of autologon after reboot (default: 1).
- domainadmin (string): User used to join in AD domain (mandatory with joindomain).
- domainadminpassword (string): Password used to join in AD domain (mandatory with joindomain).
- fullname (string): Server owner name (default: Administrator).
- joindomain (string): AD domain to join (Not compatible with joinworkgroup).
- joinworkgroup (string): Workgroup to join (Not compatible with joindomain, default: WORKGROUP).
- orgname (string): Organisation name (default: ACME).
- password (string): Local administrator password.
- productid (string): Product ID.
- runonce (list): List of commands to run at first user logon.
customization_spec
(added in 2.6)
Unique name identifying the requested customization specification.
This parameter is case sensitive.
If set, then overrides customization parameter values.
customvalues
(added in 2.3)
Define a list of custom values to set on virtual machine.
A custom value object takes two fields key and value.
Incorrect key and values will be ignored.
datacenter Default:
ha-datacenter
Destination datacenter for the deploy operation.
This parameter is case sensitive.
datastore
(added in 2.7)
Specify datastore or datastore cluster to provision virtual machine.
This will take precendence over "disk.datastore" parameter.
This parameter is useful to override datastore or datastore cluster setting.
For example, when user has different datastore or datastore cluster for templates and virtual machines.
Please see example for more usage.
disk
A list of disks to add.
This parameter is case sensitive.
Resizing disks is not supported.
Removing existing disks of the virtual machine is not supported.
Valid attributes are:
- size_[tb,gb,mb,kb] (integer): Disk storage size in specified unit.
- type (string): Valid values are:
- thin thin disk
- eagerzeroedthick eagerzeroedthick disk, added in version 2.5
Default: None thick disk, no eagerzero.
- datastore (string): Datastore to use for the disk. If autoselect_datastore is enabled, filter datastore selection.
- autoselect_datastore (bool): select the less used datastore. Specify only if datastore is not specified.
- disk_mode (string): Type of disk mode. Added in version 2.6
- Available options are :
- persistent: Changes are immediately and permanently written to the virtual disk. This is default.
- independent_persistent: Same as persistent, but not affected by snapshots.
- independent_nonpersistent: Changes to virtual disk are made to a redo log and discarded at power off, but not affected by snapshots.
esxi_hostname
The ESXi hostname where the virtual machine will run.
This is a required parameter, if cluster is not set.
esxi_hostname and cluster are mutually exclusive parameters.
This parameter is case sensitive.
folder
Destination folder, absolute path to find an existing guest or create the new guest.
The folder should include the datacenter. ESX's datacenter is ha-datacenter.
This parameter is case sensitive.
This parameter is required, while deploying new virtual machine. version_added 2.5.
If multiple machines are found with same name, this parameter is used to identify uniqueness of the virtual machine. version_added 2.5
Examples:
folder: /ha-datacenter/vm
folder: ha-datacenter/vm
folder: /datacenter1/vm
folder: datacenter1/vm
folder: /datacenter1/vm/folder1
folder: datacenter1/vm/folder1
folder: /folder1/datacenter1/vm
folder: folder1/datacenter1/vm
folder: /folder1/datacenter1/vm/folder2
force
bool
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
Ignore warnings and complete the actions.
This parameter is useful while removing virtual machine which is powered on state.
This module reflects the VMware vCenter API and UI workflow, as such, in some cases the `force` flag will be mandatory to perform the action to ensure you are certain the action has to be taken, no matter what the consequence. This is specifically the case for removing a powered on the virtual machine when state is set to absent.
guest_id
(added in 2.3)
Set the guest ID.
This parameter is case sensitive.
Examples:
virtual machine with RHEL7 64 bit, will be 'rhel7_64Guest'
virtual machine with CensOS 64 bit, will be 'centos64Guest'
virtual machine with Ubuntu 64 bit, will be 'ubuntu64Guest'
This field is required when creating a virtual machine.
hardware
Manage virtual machine's hardware attributes.
All parameters case sensitive.
Valid attributes are:
- hotadd_cpu (boolean): Allow virtual CPUs to be added while the virtual machine is running.
- hotremove_cpu (boolean): Allow virtual CPUs to be removed while the virtual machine is running. version_added: 2.5
- hotadd_memory (boolean): Allow memory to be added while the virtual machine is running.
- memory_mb (integer): Amount of memory in MB.
- nested_virt (bool): Enable nested virtualization. version_added: 2.5
- num_cpus (integer): Number of CPUs.
- num_cpu_cores_per_socket (integer): Number of Cores Per Socket. Value should be multiple of num_cpus.
- scsi (string): Valid values are buslogic, lsilogic, lsilogicsas and paravirtual (default).
- memory_reservation (integer): Amount of memory in MB to set resource limits for memory. version_added: 2.5
- memory_reservation_lock (boolean): If set true, memory resource reservation for the virtual machine will always be equal to the virtual machine's memory size. version_added: 2.5
- max_connections (integer): Maximum number of active remote display connections for the virtual machines. version_added: 2.5.
- mem_limit (integer): The memory utilization of a virtual machine will not exceed this limit. Unit is MB. version_added: 2.5
- mem_reservation (integer): The amount of memory resource that is guaranteed available to the virtual machine. Unit is MB. version_added: 2.5
- cpu_limit (integer): The CPU utilization of a virtual machine will not exceed this limit. Unit is MHz. version_added: 2.5
- cpu_reservation (integer): The amount of CPU resource that is guaranteed available to the virtual machine. Unit is MHz. version_added: 2.5
- version (integer): The Virtual machine hardware versions. Default is 10 (ESXi 5.5 and onwards). Please check VMware documentation for correct virtual machine hardware version. Incorrect hardware version may lead to failure in deployment. If hardware version is already equal to the given version then no action is taken. version_added: 2.6
- boot_firmware (string): Choose which firmware should be used to boot the virtual machine. Allowed values are "bios" and "efi". version_added: 2.7
hostname
str
The hostname or IP address of the vSphere vCenter or ESXi server.
If the value is not specified in the task, the value of environment variable VMWARE_HOST will be used instead.
Environment variable supported added in version 2.6.
is_template
bool

(added in 2.3)
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
Flag the instance as a template.
This will mark the given virtual machine as template.
linked_clone
bool

(added in 2.4)
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
Whether to create a linked clone from the snapshot specified.
If specified, then snapshot_src is required parameter.
name
required
Name of the virtual machine to work with.
Virtual machine names in vCenter are not necessarily unique, which may be problematic, see name_match.
If multiple virtual machines with same name exists, then folder is required parameter to identify uniqueness of the virtual machine.
This parameter is required, if state is set to poweredon, poweredoff, present, restarted, suspended and virtual machine does not exists.
This parameter is case sensitive.
name_match
    Choices:
  • first ←
  • last
If multiple virtual machines matching the name, use the first or last found.
networks
(added in 2.3)
A list of networks (in the order of the NICs).
Removing NICs is not allowed, while reconfiguring the virtual machine.
All parameters and VMware object names are case sensetive.
One of the below parameters is required per entry:
- name (string): Name of the portgroup or distributed virtual portgroup for this interface. When specifying distributed virtual portgroup make sure given esxi_hostname or cluster is associated with it.
- vlan (integer): VLAN number for this interface.
Optional parameters per entry (used for virtual hardware):
- device_type (string): Virtual network device (one of e1000, e1000e, pcnet32, vmxnet2, vmxnet3 (default), sriov).
- mac (string): Customize MAC address.
- dvswitch_name (string): Name of the distributed vSwitch. This value is required if multiple distributed portgroups exists with the same name. version_added 2.7
Optional parameters per entry (used for OS customization):
- type (string): Type of IP assignment (either dhcp or static). dhcp is default.
- ip (string): Static IP address (implies type: static).
- netmask (string): Static netmask required for ip.
- gateway (string): Static gateway.
- dns_servers (string): DNS servers for this network interface (Windows).
- domain (string): Domain name for this network interface (Windows).
- wake_on_lan (bool): Indicates if wake-on-LAN is enabled on this virtual network adapter. version_added: 2.5
- start_connected (bool): Indicates that virtual network adapter starts with associated virtual machine powers on. version_added: 2.5
- allow_guest_control (bool): Enables guest control over whether the connectable device is connected. version_added: 2.5
password
str
The password of the vSphere vCenter or ESXi server.
If the value is not specified in the task, the value of environment variable VMWARE_PASSWORD will be used instead.
Environment variable supported added in version 2.6.

aliases: pass, pwd
port
int

(added in 2.5)
Default:
443
The port number of the vSphere vCenter or ESXi server.
If the value is not specified in the task, the value of environment variable VMWARE_PORT will be used instead.
Environment variable supported added in version 2.6.
resource_pool
(added in 2.3)
Use the given resource pool for virtual machine operation.
This parameter is case sensitive.
Resource pool should be child of the selected host parent.
snapshot_src
(added in 2.4)
Name of the existing snapshot to use to create a clone of a virtual machine.
This parameter is case sensitive.
While creating linked clone using linked_clone parameter, this parameter is required.
state
    Choices:
  • present ←
  • absent
  • poweredon
  • poweredoff
  • restarted
  • suspended
  • shutdownguest
  • rebootguest
Specify state of the virtual machine be in.
If state is set to present and virtual machine exists, ensure the virtual machine configurations conforms to task arguments.
If state is set to absent and virtual machine exists, then the specified virtual machine is removed with its associated components.
If state is set to one of the following poweredon, poweredoff, present, restarted, suspended and virtual machine does not exists, then virtual machine is deployed with given parameters.
If state is set to poweredon and virtual machine exists with powerstate other than powered on, then the specified virtual machine is powered on.
If state is set to poweredoff and virtual machine exists with powerstate other than powered off, then the specified virtual machine is powered off.
If state is set to restarted and virtual machine exists, then the virtual machine is restarted.
If state is set to suspended and virtual machine exists, then the virtual machine is set to suspended mode.
If state is set to shutdownguest and virtual machine exists, then the virtual machine is shutdown.
If state is set to rebootguest and virtual machine exists, then the virtual machine is rebooted.
state_change_timeout
(added in 2.6)
Default:
0
If the state is set to shutdownguest, by default the module will return immediately after sending the shutdown signal.
If this argument is set to a positive integer, the module will instead wait for the virtual machine to reach the poweredoff state.
The value sets a timeout in seconds for the module to wait for the state change.
template
Template or existing virtual machine used to create new virtual machine.
If this value is not set, virtual machine is created without using a template.
If the virtual machine already exists, this parameter will be ignored.
This parameter is case sensitive.

aliases: template_src
username
str
The username of the vSphere vCenter or ESXi server.
If the value is not specified in the task, the value of environment variable VMWARE_USER will be used instead.
Environment variable supported added in version 2.6.

aliases: admin, user
uuid
UUID of the virtual machine to manage if known, this is VMware's unique identifier.
This is required if name is not supplied.
If virtual machine does not exists, then this parameter is ignored.
Please note that a supplied UUID will be ignored on virtual machine creation, as VMware creates the UUID internally.
validate_certs
bool
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes ←
Allows connection when SSL certificates are not valid. Set to false when certificates are not trusted.
If the value is not specified in the task, the value of environment variable VMWARE_VALIDATE_CERTS will be used instead.
Environment variable supported added in version 2.6.
If set to yes, please make sure Python >= 2.7.9 is installed on the given machine.
vapp_properties
(added in 2.6)
A list of vApp properties
Basic attributes are:
- id (string): Property id - required.
- value (string): Property value.
- type (string): Value type, string type by default.
- operation: remove: This attribute is required only when removing properties.
wait_for_ip_address
bool
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
Wait until vCenter detects an IP address for the virtual machine.
This requires vmware-tools (vmtoolsd) to properly work after creation.
vmware-tools needs to be installed on the given virtual machine in order to work with this parameter.

Notes

Note

  • Please make sure the user used for vmware_guest should have correct level of privileges.
  • For example, following is the list of minimum privileges required by users to create virtual machines.
  • DataStore > Allocate Space
  • Virtual Machine > Configuration > Add New Disk
  • Virtual Machine > Configuration > Add or Remove Device
  • Virtual Machine > Inventory > Create New
  • Network > Assign Network
  • Resource > Assign Virtual Machine to Resource Pool
  • Module may require additional privileges as well, which may be required for gathering facts - e.g. ESXi configurations.
  • Tested on vSphere 5.5, 6.0 and 6.5
  • For additional information please visit Ansible VMware community wiki - https://github.com/ansible/community/wiki/VMware.

Examples

- name: Create a virtual machine on given ESXi hostname
  vmware_guest:
    hostname: "{{ vcenter_hostname }}"
    username: "{{ vcenter_username }}"
    password: "{{ vcenter_password }}"
    validate_certs: no
    folder: /DC1/vm/
    name: test_vm_0001
    state: poweredon
    guest_id: centos64Guest
    # This is hostname of particular ESXi server on which user wants VM to be deployed
    esxi_hostname: "{{ esxi_hostname }}"
    disk:
    - size_gb: 10
      type: thin
      datastore: datastore1
    hardware:
      memory_mb: 512
      num_cpus: 4
      scsi: paravirtual
    networks:
    - name: VM Network
      mac: aa:bb:dd:aa:00:14
      ip: 10.10.10.100
      netmask: 255.255.255.0
      device_type: vmxnet3
    wait_for_ip_address: yes
  delegate_to: localhost
  register: deploy_vm

- name: Create a virtual machine from a template
  vmware_guest:
    hostname: "{{ vcenter_hostname }}"
    username: "{{ vcenter_username }}"
    password: "{{ vcenter_password }}"
    validate_certs: no
    folder: /testvms
    name: testvm_2
    state: poweredon
    template: template_el7
    disk:
    - size_gb: 10
      type: thin
      datastore: g73_datastore
    hardware:
      memory_mb: 512
      num_cpus: 6
      num_cpu_cores_per_socket: 3
      scsi: paravirtual
      memory_reservation: 512
      memory_reservation_lock: True
      mem_limit: 8096
      mem_reservation: 4096
      cpu_limit: 8096
      cpu_reservation: 4096
      max_connections: 5
      hotadd_cpu: True
      hotremove_cpu: True
      hotadd_memory: False
      version: 12 # Hardware version of virtual machine
      boot_firmware: "efi"
    cdrom:
      type: iso
      iso_path: "[datastore1] livecd.iso"
    networks:
    - name: VM Network
      mac: aa:bb:dd:aa:00:14
    wait_for_ip_address: yes
  delegate_to: localhost
  register: deploy

- name: Clone a virtual machine from Windows template and customize
  vmware_guest:
    hostname: "{{ vcenter_hostname }}"
    username: "{{ vcenter_username }}"
    password: "{{ vcenter_password }}"
    validate_certs: no
    datacenter: datacenter1
    cluster: cluster
    name: testvm-2
    template: template_windows
    networks:
    - name: VM Network
      ip: 192.168.1.100
      netmask: 255.255.255.0
      gateway: 192.168.1.1
      mac: aa:bb:dd:aa:00:14
      domain: my_domain
      dns_servers:
      - 192.168.1.1
      - 192.168.1.2
    - vlan: 1234
      type: dhcp
    customization:
      autologon: yes
      dns_servers:
      - 192.168.1.1
      - 192.168.1.2
      domain: my_domain
      password: new_vm_password
      runonce:
      - powershell.exe -ExecutionPolicy Unrestricted -File C:\Windows\Temp\ConfigureRemotingForAnsible.ps1 -ForceNewSSLCert -EnableCredSSP
  delegate_to: localhost

- name:  Clone a virtual machine from Linux template and customize
  vmware_guest:
    hostname: "{{ vcenter_hostname }}"
    username: "{{ vcenter_username }}"
    password: "{{ vcenter_password }}"
    validate_certs: no
    datacenter: "{{ datacenter }}"
    state: present
    folder: /DC1/vm
    template: "{{ template }}"
    name: "{{ vm_name }}"
    cluster: DC1_C1
    networks:
      - name: VM Network
        ip: 192.168.10.11
        netmask: 255.255.255.0
    wait_for_ip_address: True
    customization:
      domain: "{{ guest_domain }}"
      dns_servers:
        - 8.9.9.9
        - 7.8.8.9
      dns_suffix:
        - example.com
        - example2.com
  delegate_to: localhost

- name: Rename a virtual machine (requires the virtual machine's uuid)
  vmware_guest:
    hostname: "{{ vcenter_hostname }}"
    username: "{{ vcenter_username }}"
    password: "{{ vcenter_password }}"
    validate_certs: no
    uuid: "{{ vm_uuid }}"
    name: new_name
    state: present
  delegate_to: localhost

- name: Remove a virtual machine by uuid
  vmware_guest:
    hostname: "{{ vcenter_hostname }}"
    username: "{{ vcenter_username }}"
    password: "{{ vcenter_password }}"
    validate_certs: no
    uuid: "{{ vm_uuid }}"
    state: absent
  delegate_to: localhost

- name: Manipulate vApp properties
  vmware_guest:
    hostname: "{{ vcenter_hostname }}"
    username: "{{ vcenter_username }}"
    password: "{{ vcenter_password }}"
    validate_certs: no
    name: vm_name
    state: present
    vapp_properties:
      - id: remoteIP
        category: Backup
        label: Backup server IP
        type: string
        value: 10.10.10.1
      - id: old_property
        operation: remove
  delegate_to: localhost

- name: Set powerstate of a virtual machine to poweroff by using UUID
  vmware_guest:
    hostname: "{{ vcenter_hostname }}"
    username: "{{ vcenter_username }}"
    password: "{{ vcenter_password }}"
    validate_certs: no
    uuid: "{{ vm_uuid }}"
    state: poweredoff
  delegate_to: localhost

- name: Deploy a virtual machine in a datastore different from the datastore of the template
  vmware_guest:
    hostname: "{{ vcenter_hostname }}"
    username: "{{ vcenter_username }}"
    password: "{{ vcenter_password }}"
    name: "{{ vm_name }}"
    state: present
    template: "{{ template_name }}"
    # Here datastore can be different which holds template
    datastore: "{{ virtual_machine_datastore }}"
    hardware:
      memory_mb: 512
      num_cpus: 2
      scsi: paravirtual
  delegate_to: localhost

Return Values

Common return values are documented here, the following are the fields unique to this module:

Key Returned Description
instance
dict
always
metadata about the new virtual machine

Sample:
None


Status

This module is flagged as preview which means that it is not guaranteed to have a backwards compatible interface.

Maintenance

This module is flagged as community which means that it is maintained by the Ansible Community. See Module Maintenance & Support for more info.

For a list of other modules that are also maintained by the Ansible Community, see here.

Author

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