Tower is a full application and the installation process installs several dependencies such as PostgreSQL, Django, NGINX, and others. It is required that you install Tower on a standalone VM or cloud instance and do not co-locate any other applications on that machine (beyond possible monitoring or logging software). Although Tower and Ansible are written in Python, they are not just simple Python libraries. Therefore, Tower cannot be installed in a Python virtualenv or any similar subsystem; you must install it as described in the installation instructions in this guide. For OpenShift-based deployments, refer to OpenShift Deployment and Configuration.
Ansible Tower has the following requirements:
Supported Operating Systems:
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.2 or later 64-bit (x86)
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.7 or later 64-bit (x86)
CentOS 7.7 or later 64-bit (x86)
Support for all versions of Ubuntu as a Tower platform has been discontinued as of Ansible Tower version 3.6.
A currently supported version of Mozilla Firefox or Google Chrome
Other HTML5 compliant web browsers may work but are not fully tested or supported.
2 CPUs minimum for Tower installations. Refer to the capacity algorithm section of the Ansible Tower User Guide for determining the CPU capacity required for the number of forks in your particular configuration.
4 GB RAM minimum for Tower installations
4 GB RAM (minimum and recommended for Vagrant trial installations)
4 GB RAM (minimum for external standalone PostgreSQL databases)
For specific RAM needs, refer to the capacity algorithm section of the Ansible Tower User Guide for determining capacity required based on the number of forks in your particular configuration
20 GB of dedicated hard disk space for Tower service nodes
10 GB of the 20 GB requirement must be dedicated to
/var/, where Tower stores its files and working directories
The storage volume should be rated for a minimum baseline of 750 IOPS.
20 GB of dedicated hard disk space for nodes containing a database (150 GB+ recommended)
The storage volume should be rated for a high baseline IOPS (1000 or more.)
All Tower data is stored in the database. Database storage increases with the number of hosts managed, number of jobs run, number of facts stored in the fact cache, and number of tasks in any individual job. For example, a playbook run every hour (24 times a day) across 250, hosts, with 20 tasks will store over 800000 events in the database every week.
If not enough space is reserved in the database, old job runs and facts will need cleaned on a regular basis. Refer to Management Jobs in the Ansible Tower Administration Guide for more information
64-bit support required (kernel and runtime)
PostgreSQL version 10 required to run Ansible Tower 3.7 and later. Backup and restore will only work on PostgreSQL versions supported by your current Ansible Tower version.
Ansible version 2.8 (at minimum) required to run Ansible Tower versions 3.7 and later
You cannot use versions of PostgreSQL and Ansible older than those stated above and be able to run Ansible Tower 3.7 and later. Both are installed by the install script if they aren’t already present.
For Amazon EC2:
Instance size of m4.large or larger
An instance size of m4.xlarge or larger if there are more than 100 hosts
While other operating systems may technically function, currently only the above list is supported to host an Ansible Tower installation. If you have a firm requirement to run Tower on an unsupported operating system, please contact Ansible via the Red Hat Customer portal at https://access.redhat.com/. Management of other operating systems (nodes) is documented by the Ansible project itself and allows for a wider list.
Actual RAM requirements vary based on how many hosts Tower will manage simultaneously (which is controlled by the
forks parameter in the job template or the system
ansible.cfg file). To avoid possible resource conflicts, Ansible recommends 1 GB of memory per 10 forks + 2GB reservation for Tower, see the capacity algorithm for further details. If
forks is set to 400, 40 GB of memory is recommended.
For the hosts on which we install Ansible Tower, Tower checks whether or not
umask is set to 0022. If not, the setup fails. Be sure to set
umask=0022 to avoid encountering this error.
A larger number of hosts can of course be addressed, though if the fork number is less than the total host count, more passes across the hosts are required. These RAM limitations are avoided when using rolling updates or when using the provisioning callback system built into Tower, where each system requesting configuration enters a queue and is processed as quickly as possible; or in cases where Tower is producing or deploying images such as AMIs. All of these are great approaches to managing larger environments. For further questions, please contact Ansible via the Red Hat Customer portal at https://access.redhat.com/.
The requirements for systems managed by Tower are the same as for Ansible at: http://docs.ansible.com/intro_getting_started.html
Ansible Tower uses PostgreSQL 10, which is an SCL package on RHEL 7 and an app stream on RHEL8. Some changes worth noting when upgrading to PostgreSQL 10 are:
PostgreSQL user passwords will now be hashed with SCRAM-SHA-256 secure hashing algorithm before storing in the database.
You will no longer need to provide a
pg_hashed_password in your inventory file at the time of installation because PostgreSQL 10 can now store the user’s password more securely. If users supply a password in the inventory file for the installer (
pg_password), that password will be SCRAM-SHA-256 hashed by PostgreSQL as part of the installation process. DO NOT use special characters in
pg_password as it may cause the setup to fail.
Since Tower is using a Software Collections version of PostgreSQL in Ansible Tower 3.7, the rh-postgresql10 scl must be enabled in order to access the database. Administrators can use the
awx-manage dbshell command, which will automatically enable the PostgreSQL SCL.
If you just need to determine if your Tower instance has access to the database, you can do so with the command,
Optionally, you can configure the PostgreSQL database as separate nodes that are not managed by the Tower installer. When the Tower installer manages the database server, it configures the server with defaults that are generally recommended for most workloads. However, you can adjust these PostgreSQL settings for standalone database server node where
ansible_memtotal_mb is the total memory size of the database server:
max_connections == 1024 shared_buffers == ansible_memtotal_mb*0.3 work_mem == ansible_memtotal_mb*0.03 maintenance_work_mem == ansible_memtotal_mb*0.04
While Ansible Tower depends on Ansible Playbooks and requires the installation of the latest stable version of Ansible before installing Tower, manual installations of Ansible are no longer required.
Upon new installations, Tower installs the latest release package of Ansible 2.9.
If performing a bundled Tower installation, the installation program attempts to install Ansible (and its dependencies) from the bundle for you (refer to Using the Bundled Tower Installation Program for more information).
If you choose to install Ansible on your own, the Tower installation program will detect that Ansible has been installed and will not attempt to reinstall it. Note that you must install Ansible using a package manager like
yum and that the latest stable version must be installed for Ansible Tower to work properly. At minimum, Ansible version 2.8 is required for Ansible Tower versions 3.7 and later.