amazon.aws.aws_s3 module – manage objects in S3.

Note

This module is part of the amazon.aws collection (version 3.2.0).

You might already have this collection installed if you are using the ansible package. It is not included in ansible-core. To check whether it is installed, run ansible-galaxy collection list.

To install it, use: ansible-galaxy collection install amazon.aws.

To use it in a playbook, specify: amazon.aws.aws_s3.

New in version 1.0.0: of amazon.aws

Synopsis

  • This module allows the user to manage S3 buckets and the objects within them. Includes support for creating and deleting both objects and buckets, retrieving objects as files or strings, generating download links and copy of an object that is already stored in Amazon S3.

Note

This module has a corresponding action plugin.

Requirements

The below requirements are needed on the host that executes this module.

  • python >= 3.6

  • boto3 >= 1.16.0

  • botocore >= 1.19.0

Parameters

Parameter

Comments

aws_access_key

aliases: ec2_access_key, access_key

string

AWS access key. If not set then the value of the AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID, AWS_ACCESS_KEY or EC2_ACCESS_KEY environment variable is used.

If profile is set this parameter is ignored.

Passing the aws_access_key and profile options at the same time has been deprecated and the options will be made mutually exclusive after 2022-06-01.

aws_ca_bundle

path

The location of a CA Bundle to use when validating SSL certificates.

Not used by boto 2 based modules.

Note: The CA Bundle is read ‘module’ side and may need to be explicitly copied from the controller if not run locally.

aws_config

dictionary

A dictionary to modify the botocore configuration.

Parameters can be found at https://botocore.amazonaws.com/v1/documentation/api/latest/reference/config.html#botocore.config.Config.

Only the ‘user_agent’ key is used for boto modules. See http://boto.cloudhackers.com/en/latest/boto_config_tut.html#boto for more boto configuration.

aws_secret_key

aliases: ec2_secret_key, secret_key

string

AWS secret key. If not set then the value of the AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY, AWS_SECRET_KEY, or EC2_SECRET_KEY environment variable is used.

If profile is set this parameter is ignored.

Passing the aws_secret_key and profile options at the same time has been deprecated and the options will be made mutually exclusive after 2022-06-01.

bucket

string / required

Bucket name.

content

string

added in 1.3.0 of amazon.aws

The content to PUT into an object.

The parameter value will be treated as a string and converted to UTF-8 before sending it to S3. To send binary data, use the content_base64 parameter instead.

Either content, content_base64 or src must be specified for a PUT operation. Ignored otherwise.

content_base64

string

added in 1.3.0 of amazon.aws

The base64-encoded binary data to PUT into an object.

Use this if you need to put raw binary data, and don’t forget to encode in base64.

Either content, content_base64 or src must be specified for a PUT operation. Ignored otherwise.

copy_src

dictionary

added in 2.0.0 of amazon.aws

The source details of the object to copy.

Required if mode is copy.

bucket

string / required

The name of the source bucket.

object

string / required

key name of the source object.

version_id

string

version ID of the source object.

debug_botocore_endpoint_logs

boolean

Use a botocore.endpoint logger to parse the unique (rather than total) “resource:action” API calls made during a task, outputing the set to the resource_actions key in the task results. Use the aws_resource_action callback to output to total list made during a playbook. The ANSIBLE_DEBUG_BOTOCORE_LOGS environment variable may also be used.

Choices:

  • no ← (default)

  • yes

dest

path

The destination file path when downloading an object/key with a GET operation.

dualstack

boolean

Enables Amazon S3 Dual-Stack Endpoints, allowing S3 communications using both IPv4 and IPv6.

Choices:

  • no ← (default)

  • yes

ec2_url

aliases: aws_endpoint_url, endpoint_url

string

URL to use to connect to EC2 or your Eucalyptus cloud (by default the module will use EC2 endpoints). Ignored for modules where region is required. Must be specified for all other modules if region is not used. If not set then the value of the EC2_URL environment variable, if any, is used.

encrypt

boolean

When set for PUT/COPY mode, asks for server-side encryption.

Choices:

  • no

  • yes ← (default)

encryption_kms_key_id

string

KMS key id to use when encrypting objects using encrypting=aws:kms. Ignored if encryption is not aws:kms.

encryption_mode

string

What encryption mode to use if encrypt=true.

Choices:

  • AES256 ← (default)

  • aws:kms

expiry

aliases: expiration

integer

Time limit (in seconds) for the URL generated and returned by S3/Walrus when performing a mode=put or mode=geturl operation.

Default: 600

headers

dictionary

Custom headers for PUT operation, as a dictionary of key=value and key=value,key=value.

ignore_nonexistent_bucket

boolean

Overrides initial bucket lookups in case bucket or iam policies are restrictive. Example: a user may have the GetObject permission but no other permissions. In this case using the option mode: get will fail without specifying ignore_nonexistent_bucket=true.

Choices:

  • no ← (default)

  • yes

marker

string

Specifies the key to start with when using list mode. Object keys are returned in alphabetical order, starting with key after the marker in order.

max_keys

integer

Max number of results to return in list mode, set this if you want to retrieve fewer than the default 1000 keys.

Default: 1000

metadata

dictionary

Metadata for PUT/COPY operation, as a dictionary of key=value and key=value,key=value.

mode

string / required

Switches the module behaviour between

PUT: upload

GET: download

geturl: return download URL

getstr: download object as string

list: list keys

create: create bucket

delete: delete bucket

delobj: delete object

copy: copy object that is already stored in another bucket

Choices:

  • get

  • put

  • delete

  • create

  • geturl

  • getstr

  • delobj

  • list

  • copy

object

string

Keyname of the object inside the bucket. Can be used to create “virtual directories”, see examples.

overwrite

aliases: force

string

Force overwrite either locally on the filesystem or remotely with the object/key. Used with PUT and GET operations.

Must be a Boolean, always, never, different or latest.

true is the same as always.

false is equal to never.

When this is set to different the MD5 sum of the local file is compared with the ‘ETag’ of the object/key in S3. The ETag may or may not be an MD5 digest of the object data. See the ETag response header here https://docs.aws.amazon.com/AmazonS3/latest/API/RESTCommonResponseHeaders.html.

(GET mode only) When this is set to latest the last modified timestamp of local file is compared with the ‘LastModified’ of the object/key in S3.

Default: “always”

permission

list / elements=string

This option lets the user set the canned permissions on the object/bucket that are created. The permissions that can be set are private, public-read, public-read-write, authenticated-read for a bucket or private, public-read, public-read-write, aws-exec-read, authenticated-read, bucket-owner-read, bucket-owner-full-control for an object. Multiple permissions can be specified as a list; although only the first one will be used during the initial upload of the file

Default: [“private”]

prefix

string

Limits the response to keys that begin with the specified prefix for list mode.

Default: “”

profile

aliases: aws_profile

string

Using profile will override aws_access_key, aws_secret_key and security_token and support for passing them at the same time as profile has been deprecated.

aws_access_key, aws_secret_key and security_token will be made mutually exclusive with profile after 2022-06-01.

purge_tags

boolean

added in 2.0.0 of amazon.aws

Whether or not to remove tags assigned to the S3 object if not specified in the playbook.

To remove all tags set tags to an empty dictionary in conjunction with this.

Choices:

  • no

  • yes ← (default)

region

aliases: aws_region, ec2_region

string

The AWS region to use. If not specified then the value of the AWS_REGION or EC2_REGION environment variable, if any, is used. See http://docs.aws.amazon.com/general/latest/gr/rande.html#ec2_region

retries

aliases: retry

integer

On recoverable failure, how many times to retry before actually failing.

Default: 0

rgw

boolean

Enable Ceph RGW S3 support. This option requires an explicit url via s3_url.

Choices:

  • no ← (default)

  • yes

s3_url

aliases: S3_URL

string

S3 URL endpoint for usage with Ceph, Eucalyptus and fakes3 etc. Otherwise assumes AWS.

security_token

aliases: aws_security_token, access_token

string

AWS STS security token. If not set then the value of the AWS_SECURITY_TOKEN or EC2_SECURITY_TOKEN environment variable is used.

If profile is set this parameter is ignored.

Passing the security_token and profile options at the same time has been deprecated and the options will be made mutually exclusive after 2022-06-01.

src

path

The source file path when performing a PUT operation.

Either content, content_base64 or src must be specified for a PUT operation. Ignored otherwise.

tags

dictionary

added in 2.0.0 of amazon.aws

Tags dict to apply to the S3 object.

validate_bucket_name

boolean

added in 3.1.0 of amazon.aws

Whether the bucket name should be validated to conform to AWS S3 naming rules.

On by default, this may be disabled for S3 backends that do not enforce these rules.

See https://docs.aws.amazon.com/AmazonS3/latest/userguide/bucketnamingrules.html

Choices:

  • no

  • yes ← (default)

validate_certs

boolean

When set to “no”, SSL certificates will not be validated for communication with the AWS APIs.

Choices:

  • no

  • yes ← (default)

version

string

Version ID of the object inside the bucket. Can be used to get a specific version of a file if versioning is enabled in the target bucket.

Notes

Note

  • If parameters are not set within the module, the following environment variables can be used in decreasing order of precedence AWS_URL or EC2_URL, AWS_PROFILE or AWS_DEFAULT_PROFILE, AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID or AWS_ACCESS_KEY or EC2_ACCESS_KEY, AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY or AWS_SECRET_KEY or EC2_SECRET_KEY, AWS_SECURITY_TOKEN or EC2_SECURITY_TOKEN, AWS_REGION or EC2_REGION, AWS_CA_BUNDLE

  • When no credentials are explicitly provided the AWS SDK (boto3) that Ansible uses will fall back to its configuration files (typically ~/.aws/credentials). See https://boto3.amazonaws.com/v1/documentation/api/latest/guide/credentials.html for more information.

  • Modules based on the original AWS SDK (boto) may read their default configuration from different files. See https://boto.readthedocs.io/en/latest/boto_config_tut.html for more information.

  • AWS_REGION or EC2_REGION can be typically be used to specify the AWS region, when required, but this can also be defined in the configuration files.

Examples

- name: Simple PUT operation
  amazon.aws.aws_s3:
    bucket: mybucket
    object: /my/desired/key.txt
    src: /usr/local/myfile.txt
    mode: put

- name: PUT operation from a rendered template
  amazon.aws.aws_s3:
    bucket: mybucket
    object: /object.yaml
    content: "{{ lookup('template', 'templates/object.yaml.j2') }}"
    mode: put

- name: Simple PUT operation in Ceph RGW S3
  amazon.aws.aws_s3:
    bucket: mybucket
    object: /my/desired/key.txt
    src: /usr/local/myfile.txt
    mode: put
    rgw: true
    s3_url: "http://localhost:8000"

- name: Simple GET operation
  amazon.aws.aws_s3:
    bucket: mybucket
    object: /my/desired/key.txt
    dest: /usr/local/myfile.txt
    mode: get

- name: Get a specific version of an object.
  amazon.aws.aws_s3:
    bucket: mybucket
    object: /my/desired/key.txt
    version: 48c9ee5131af7a716edc22df9772aa6f
    dest: /usr/local/myfile.txt
    mode: get

- name: PUT/upload with metadata
  amazon.aws.aws_s3:
    bucket: mybucket
    object: /my/desired/key.txt
    src: /usr/local/myfile.txt
    mode: put
    metadata: 'Content-Encoding=gzip,Cache-Control=no-cache'

- name: PUT/upload with custom headers
  amazon.aws.aws_s3:
    bucket: mybucket
    object: /my/desired/key.txt
    src: /usr/local/myfile.txt
    mode: put
    headers: '[email protected]'

- name: List keys simple
  amazon.aws.aws_s3:
    bucket: mybucket
    mode: list

- name: List keys all options
  amazon.aws.aws_s3:
    bucket: mybucket
    mode: list
    prefix: /my/desired/
    marker: /my/desired/0023.txt
    max_keys: 472

- name: Create an empty bucket
  amazon.aws.aws_s3:
    bucket: mybucket
    mode: create
    permission: public-read

- name: Create a bucket with key as directory, in the EU region
  amazon.aws.aws_s3:
    bucket: mybucket
    object: /my/directory/path
    mode: create
    region: eu-west-1

- name: Delete a bucket and all contents
  amazon.aws.aws_s3:
    bucket: mybucket
    mode: delete

- name: GET an object but don't download if the file checksums match. New in 2.0
  amazon.aws.aws_s3:
    bucket: mybucket
    object: /my/desired/key.txt
    dest: /usr/local/myfile.txt
    mode: get
    overwrite: different

- name: Delete an object from a bucket
  amazon.aws.aws_s3:
    bucket: mybucket
    object: /my/desired/key.txt
    mode: delobj

- name: Copy an object already stored in another bucket
  amazon.aws.aws_s3:
    bucket: mybucket
    object: /my/desired/key.txt
    mode: copy
    copy_src:
        bucket: srcbucket
        object: /source/key.txt

Return Values

Common return values are documented here, the following are the fields unique to this module:

Key

Description

contents

string

Contents of the object as string.

Returned: (for getstr operation)

Sample: “Hello, world!”

expiry

integer

Number of seconds the presigned url is valid for.

Returned: (for geturl operation)

Sample: 600

msg

string

Message indicating the status of the operation.

Returned: always

Sample: “PUT operation complete”

s3_keys

list / elements=string

List of object keys.

Returned: (for list operation)

Sample: [“prefix1/”, “prefix1/key1”, “prefix1/key2”]

url

string

URL of the object.

Returned: (for put and geturl operations)

Sample:https://my-bucket.s3.amazonaws.com/my-key.txt?AWSAccessKeyId=\u003caccess-key\u003e\u0026Expires=1506888865\u0026Signature=\u003csignature\u003e”

Authors

  • Lester Wade (@lwade)

  • Sloane Hertel (@s-hertel)

  • Alina Buzachis (@linabuzachis)