ansible.builtin.assemble – Assemble configuration files from fragments

Note

This module is part of ansible-base and included in all Ansible installations. In most cases, you can use the short module name assemble even without specifying the collections: keyword. Despite that, we recommend you use the FQCN for easy linking to the module documentation and to avoid conflicting with other collections that may have the same module name.

New in version 0.5: of ansible.builtin

Synopsis

  • Assembles a configuration file from fragments.

  • Often a particular program will take a single configuration file and does not support a conf.d style structure where it is easy to build up the configuration from multiple sources. assemble will take a directory of files that can be local or have already been transferred to the system, and concatenate them together to produce a destination file.

  • Files are assembled in string sorting order.

  • Puppet calls this idea fragments.

Parameters

Parameter Choices/Defaults Comments
attributes
string
added in 2.3 of ansible.builtin
The attributes the resulting file or directory should have.
To get supported flags look at the man page for chattr on the target system.
This string should contain the attributes in the same order as the one displayed by lsattr.
The = operator is assumed as default, otherwise + or - operators need to be included in the string.

aliases: attr
backup
boolean
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
Create a backup file (if yes), including the timestamp information so you can get the original file back if you somehow clobbered it incorrectly.
decrypt
boolean
added in 2.4 of ansible.builtin
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes ←
This option controls the autodecryption of source files using vault.
delimiter
string
added in 1.4 of ansible.builtin
A delimiter to separate the file contents.
dest
path / required
A file to create using the concatenation of all of the source files.
group
string
Name of the group that should own the file/directory, as would be fed to chown.
ignore_hidden
boolean
added in 2.0 of ansible.builtin
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
A boolean that controls if files that start with a '.' will be included or not.
mode
raw
The permissions the resulting file or directory should have.
For those used to /usr/bin/chmod remember that modes are actually octal numbers. You must either add a leading zero so that Ansible's YAML parser knows it is an octal number (like 0644 or 01777) or quote it (like '644' or '1777') so Ansible receives a string and can do its own conversion from string into number.
Giving Ansible a number without following one of these rules will end up with a decimal number which will have unexpected results.
As of Ansible 1.8, the mode may be specified as a symbolic mode (for example, u+rwx or u=rw,g=r,o=r).
owner
string
Name of the user that should own the file/directory, as would be fed to chown.
regexp
string
Assemble files only if regex matches the filename.
If not set, all files are assembled.
Every "\" (backslash) must be escaped as "\\" to comply to YAML syntax.
remote_src
boolean
added in 1.4 of ansible.builtin
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes ←
If no, it will search for src at originating/master machine.
If yes, it will go to the remote/target machine for the src.
selevel
string
The level part of the SELinux file context.
This is the MLS/MCS attribute, sometimes known as the range.
When set to _default, it will use the level portion of the policy if available.
serole
string
The role part of the SELinux file context.
When set to _default, it will use the role portion of the policy if available.
setype
string
The type part of the SELinux file context.
When set to _default, it will use the type portion of the policy if available.
seuser
string
The user part of the SELinux file context.
By default it uses the system policy, where applicable.
When set to _default, it will use the user portion of the policy if available.
src
path / required
An already existing directory full of source files.
unsafe_writes
boolean
added in 2.2 of ansible.builtin
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
Influence when to use atomic operation to prevent data corruption or inconsistent reads from the target file.
By default this module uses atomic operations to prevent data corruption or inconsistent reads from the target files, but sometimes systems are configured or just broken in ways that prevent this. One example is docker mounted files, which cannot be updated atomically from inside the container and can only be written in an unsafe manner.
This option allows Ansible to fall back to unsafe methods of updating files when atomic operations fail (however, it doesn't force Ansible to perform unsafe writes).
IMPORTANT! Unsafe writes are subject to race conditions and can lead to data corruption.
validate
string
added in 2.0 of ansible.builtin
The validation command to run before copying into place.
The path to the file to validate is passed in via '%s' which must be present as in the sshd example below.
The command is passed securely so shell features like expansion and pipes won't work.

See Also

See also

ansible.builtin.copy

The official documentation on the ansible.builtin.copy module.

ansible.builtin.template

The official documentation on the ansible.builtin.template module.

ansible.windows.win_copy

The official documentation on the ansible.windows.win_copy module.

Examples

- name: Assemble from fragments from a directory
  assemble:
    src: /etc/someapp/fragments
    dest: /etc/someapp/someapp.conf

- name: Inserted provided delimiter in between each fragment
  assemble:
    src: /etc/someapp/fragments
    dest: /etc/someapp/someapp.conf
    delimiter: '### START FRAGMENT ###'

- name: Assemble a new "sshd_config" file into place, after passing validation with sshd
  assemble:
    src: /etc/ssh/conf.d/
    dest: /etc/ssh/sshd_config
    validate: /usr/sbin/sshd -t -f %s

Authors

  • Stephen Fromm (@sfromm)