ansible.builtin.ini inventory – Uses an Ansible INI file as inventory source.
This inventory plugin is part of
ansible-core and included in all Ansible
installations. In most cases, you can use the short
ini even without specifying the
However, we recommend you use the FQCN for easy linking to the
plugin documentation and to avoid conflicting with other collections that may have
the same inventory plugin name.
INI file based inventory, sections are groups or group related with special
Entries in sections
[group_1]are hosts, members of the group.
Hosts can have variables defined inline as key/value pairs separated by
childrenmodifier indicates that the section contains groups.
varsmodifier indicates that the section contains variables assigned to members of the group.
Anything found outside a section is considered an ‘ungrouped’ host.
Values passed in the INI format using the
key=valuesyntax are interpreted differently depending on where they are declared within your inventory.
When declared inline with the host, INI values are processed by Python’s ast.literal_eval function (https://docs.python.org/3/library/ast.html#ast.literal_eval) and interpreted as Python literal structures (strings, numbers, tuples, lists, dicts, booleans, None). If you want a number to be treated as a string, you must quote it. Host lines accept multiple
key=valueparameters per line. Therefore they need a way to indicate that a space is part of a value rather than a separator.
When declared in a
:varssection, INI values are interpreted as strings. For example
var=FALSEwould create a string equal to
FALSE. Unlike host lines,
:varssections accept only a single entry per line, so everything after the
=must be the value for the entry.
Do not rely on types set during definition, always make sure you specify type with a filter when needed when consuming the variable.
See the Examples for proper quoting to prevent changes to variable type.
Enabled in configuration by default.
Consider switching to YAML format for inventory sources to avoid confusion on the actual type of a variable. The YAML inventory plugin processes variable values consistently and correctly.
# fmt: ini # Example 1 [web] host1 host2 ansible_port=222 # defined inline, interpreted as an integer [web:vars] http_port=8080 # all members of 'web' will inherit these myvar=23 # defined in a :vars section, interpreted as a string [web:children] # child groups will automatically add their hosts to parent group apache nginx [apache] tomcat1 tomcat2 myvar=34 # host specific vars override group vars tomcat3 mysecret="'03#pa33w0rd'" # proper quoting to prevent value changes [nginx] jenkins1 [nginx:vars] has_java = True # vars in child groups override same in parent [all:vars] has_java = False # 'all' is 'top' parent # Example 2 host1 # this is 'ungrouped' # both hosts have same IP but diff ports, also 'ungrouped' host2 ansible_host=127.0.0.1 ansible_port=44 host3 ansible_host=127.0.0.1 ansible_port=45 [g1] host4 [g2] host4 # same host as above, but member of 2 groups, will inherit vars from both # inventory hostnames are unique
Configuration entries for each entry type have a low to high priority order. For example, a variable that is lower in the list will override a variable that is higher up.