ansible.builtin.psrp – Run tasks over Microsoft PowerShell Remoting Protocol

Note

This module is part of ansible-base and included in all Ansible installations. In most cases, you can use the short module name psrp even without specifying the collections: keyword. Despite that, we recommend you use the FQCN for easy linking to the module documentation and to avoid conflicting with other collections that may have the same module name.

New in version 2.7: of ansible.builtin

Synopsis

  • Run commands or put/fetch on a target via PSRP (WinRM plugin)

  • This is similar to the winrm connection plugin which uses the same underlying transport but instead runs in a PowerShell interpreter.

Requirements

The below requirements are needed on the local controller node that executes this connection.

  • pypsrp>=0.4.0 (Python library)

Parameters

Parameter Choices/Defaults Configuration Comments
auth
string
    Choices:
  • basic
  • certificate
  • negotiate ←
  • kerberos
  • ntlm
  • credssp
var: ansible_psrp_auth
The authentication protocol to use when authenticating the remote user.
The default, negotiate, will attempt to use Kerberos if it is available and fall back to NTLM if it isn't.
ca_cert
path
var: ansible_psrp_cert_trust_path
var: ansible_psrp_ca_cert
The path to a PEM certificate chain to use when validating the server's certificate.
This value is ignored if cert_validation is set to ignore.

aliases: cert_trust_path
cert_validation
string
    Choices:
  • validate ←
  • ignore
var: ansible_psrp_cert_validation
Whether to validate the remote server's certificate or not.
Set to ignore to not validate any certificates.
ca_cert can be set to the path of a PEM certificate chain to use in the validation.
certificate_key_pem
path
var: ansible_psrp_certificate_key_pem
The local path to an X509 certificate key to use with certificate auth.
certificate_pem
path
var: ansible_psrp_certificate_pem
The local path to an X509 certificate to use with certificate auth.
configuration_name
string
Default:
"Microsoft.PowerShell"
var: ansible_psrp_configuration_name
The name of the PowerShell configuration endpoint to connect to.
connection_timeout
integer
Default:
30
var: ansible_psrp_connection_timeout
The connection timeout for making the request to the remote host.
This is measured in seconds.
credssp_auth_mechanism
string
    Choices:
  • auto ←
  • kerberos
  • ntlm
var: ansible_psrp_credssp_auth_mechanism
The sub authentication mechanism to use with CredSSP auth.
When auto, both Kerberos and NTLM is attempted with kerberos being preferred.
credssp_disable_tlsv1_2
boolean
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
var: ansible_psrp_credssp_disable_tlsv1_2
Disables the use of TLSv1.2 on the CredSSP authentication channel.
This should not be set to yes unless dealing with a host that does not have TLSv1.2.
credssp_minimum_version
integer
Default:
2
var: ansible_psrp_credssp_minimum_version
The minimum CredSSP server authentication version that will be accepted.
Set to 5 to ensure the server has been patched and is not vulnerable to CVE 2018-0886.
ignore_proxy
boolean
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
var: ansible_psrp_ignore_proxy
Will disable any environment proxy settings and connect directly to the remote host.
This option is ignored if proxy is set.
max_envelope_size
integer
Default:
153600
var: ansible_psrp_max_envelope_size
Sets the maximum size of each WSMan message sent to the remote host.
This is measured in bytes.
Defaults to 150KiB for compatibility with older hosts.
message_encryption
string
    Choices:
  • auto ←
  • always
  • never
var: ansible_psrp_message_encryption
Controls the message encryption settings, this is different from TLS encryption when ansible_psrp_protocol is https.
Only the auth protocols negotiate, kerberos, ntlm, and credssp can do message encryption. The other authentication protocols only support encryption when protocol is set to https.
auto means means message encryption is only used when not using TLS/HTTPS.
always is the same as auto but message encryption is always used even when running over TLS/HTTPS.
never disables any encryption checks that are in place when running over HTTP and disables any authentication encryption processes.
negotiate_delegate
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes
var: ansible_psrp_negotiate_delegate
Allow the remote user the ability to delegate it's credentials to another server, i.e. credential delegation.
Only valid when Kerberos was the negotiated auth or was explicitly set as the authentication.
Ignored when NTLM was the negotiated auth.
negotiate_hostname_override
string
var: ansible_psrp_negotiate_hostname_override
Override the remote hostname when searching for the host in the Kerberos lookup.
This allows Ansible to connect over IP but authenticate with the remote server using it's DNS name.
Only valid when Kerberos was the negotiated auth or was explicitly set as the authentication.
Ignored when NTLM was the negotiated auth.
negotiate_send_cbt
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes ←
var: ansible_psrp_negotiate_send_cbt
Send the Channel Binding Token (CBT) structure when authenticating.
CBT is used to provide extra protection against Man in the Middle MitM attacks by binding the outer transport channel to the auth channel.
CBT is not used when using just HTTP, only HTTPS.
negotiate_service
string
Default:
"WSMAN"
var: ansible_psrp_negotiate_service
Override the service part of the SPN used during Kerberos authentication.
Only valid when Kerberos was the negotiated auth or was explicitly set as the authentication.
Ignored when NTLM was the negotiated auth.
operation_timeout
integer
Default:
20
var: ansible_psrp_operation_timeout
Sets the WSMan timeout for each operation.
This is measured in seconds.
This should not exceed the value for connection_timeout.
path
string
Default:
"wsman"
var: ansible_psrp_path
The URI path to connect to.
pipelining
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes
Default:
"ANSIBLE_PIPELINING"
ini entries:

[defaults]
pipelining = ANSIBLE_PIPELINING

env:ANSIBLE_PIPELINING
var: ansible_pipelining
Pipelining reduces the number of connection operations required to execute a module on the remote server, by executing many Ansible modules without actual file transfers.
This can result in a very significant performance improvement when enabled.
However this can conflict with privilege escalation (become). For example, when using sudo operations you must first disable 'requiretty' in the sudoers file for the target hosts, which is why this feature is disabled by default.
port
integer
var: ansible_port
var: ansible_psrp_port
The port for PSRP to connect on the remote target.
Default is 5986 if protocol is not defined or is https, otherwise the port is 5985.
protocol
string
    Choices:
  • http
  • https
var: ansible_psrp_protocol
Set the protocol to use for the connection.
Default is https if port is not defined or port is not 5985.
proxy
string
var: ansible_psrp_proxy
Set the proxy URL to use when connecting to the remote host.
read_timeout
integer
added in 2.8 of ansible.builtin
Default:
30
var: ansible_psrp_read_timeout
The read timeout for receiving data from the remote host.
This value must always be greater than operation_timeout.
This option requires pypsrp >= 0.3.
This is measured in seconds.
reconnection_backoff
integer
added in 2.8 of ansible.builtin
Default:
2
var: ansible_psrp_connection_backoff
var: ansible_psrp_reconnection_backoff
The backoff time to use in between reconnection attempts. (First sleeps X, then sleeps 2*X, then sleeps 4*X, ...)
This is measured in seconds.
The ansible_psrp_reconnection_backoff variable was added in Ansible 2.9.
reconnection_retries
integer
added in 2.8 of ansible.builtin
Default:
0
var: ansible_psrp_reconnection_retries
The number of retries on connection errors.
remote_addr
string
Default:
"inventory_hostname"
var: ansible_host
var: ansible_psrp_host
The hostname or IP address of the remote host.
remote_password
string
var: ansible_password
var: ansible_winrm_pass
var: ansible_winrm_password
Authentication password for the remote_user. Can be supplied as CLI option.

aliases: password
remote_user
string
var: ansible_user
var: ansible_psrp_user
The user to log in as.

Authors

  • Ansible Core Team