ansible.builtin.subelements – traverse nested key from a list of dictionaries

Note

This module is part of ansible-core and included in all Ansible installations. In most cases, you can use the short module name subelements even without specifying the collections: keyword. However, we recommend you use the FQCN for easy linking to the module documentation and to avoid conflicting with other collections that may have the same module name.

New in version 1.4: of ansible.builtin

Synopsis

  • Subelements walks a list of hashes (aka dictionaries) and then traverses a list with a given (nested sub-)key inside of those records.

Parameters

Parameter Choices/Defaults Configuration Comments
_terms
string / required
tuple of list of dictionaries and dictionary key to extract
skip_missing
string
Default:
"no"
Lookup accepts this flag from a dictionary as optional. See Example section for more information.
If set to True, the lookup plugin will skip the lists items that do not contain the given subkey.
If set to False, the plugin will yield an error and complain about the missing subkey.

Examples

- name: show var structure as it is needed for example to make sense
  hosts: all
  vars:
    users:
      - name: alice
        authorized:
          - /tmp/alice/onekey.pub
          - /tmp/alice/twokey.pub
        mysql:
            password: mysql-password
            hosts:
              - "%"
              - "127.0.0.1"
              - "::1"
              - "localhost"
            privs:
              - "*.*:SELECT"
              - "DB1.*:ALL"
        groups:
          - wheel
      - name: bob
        authorized:
          - /tmp/bob/id_rsa.pub
        mysql:
            password: other-mysql-password
            hosts:
              - "db1"
            privs:
              - "*.*:SELECT"
              - "DB2.*:ALL"
  tasks:
    - name: Set authorized ssh key, extracting just that data from 'users'
      authorized_key:
        user: "{{ item.0.name }}"
        key: "{{ lookup('file', item.1) }}"
      with_subelements:
         - "{{ users }}"
         - authorized

    - name: Setup MySQL users, given the mysql hosts and privs subkey lists
      mysql_user:
        name: "{{ item.0.name }}"
        password: "{{ item.0.mysql.password }}"
        host: "{{ item.1 }}"
        priv: "{{ item.0.mysql.privs | join('/') }}"
      with_subelements:
        - "{{ users }}"
        - mysql.hosts

    - name: list groups for users that have them, don't error if groups key is missing
      debug: var=item
      loop: "{{ q('subelements', users, 'groups', {'skip_missing': True}) }}"

Return Values

Common return values are documented here, the following are the fields unique to this lookup:

Key Returned Description
_list
string
success
list of subelements extracted



Authors