ansible.windows.win_template – Template a file out to a remote server

Note

This plugin is part of the ansible.windows collection (version 1.7.2).

To install it use: ansible-galaxy collection install ansible.windows.

To use it in a playbook, specify: ansible.windows.win_template.

Synopsis

  • Templates are processed by the Jinja2 templating language.

  • Documentation on the template formatting can be found in the Template Designer Documentation.

  • Additional variables listed below can be used in templates.

  • ansible_managed (configurable via the defaults section of ansible.cfg) contains a string which can be used to describe the template name, host, modification time of the template file and the owner uid.

  • template_host contains the node name of the template’s machine.

  • template_uid is the numeric user id of the owner.

  • template_path is the path of the template.

  • template_fullpath is the absolute path of the template.

  • template_destpath is the path of the template on the remote system (added in 2.8).

  • template_run_date is the date that the template was rendered.

Note

This module has a corresponding action plugin.

Parameters

Parameter Choices/Defaults Comments
backup
boolean
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
Determine whether a backup should be created.
When set to yes, create a backup file including the timestamp information so you can get the original file back if you somehow clobbered it incorrectly.
block_end_string
string
Default:
"%}"
The string marking the end of a block.
block_start_string
string
Default:
"{%"
The string marking the beginning of a block.
dest
path / required
Location to render the template to on the remote machine.
force
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes ←
Determine when the file is being transferred if the destination already exists.
When set to yes, replace the remote file when contents are different than the source.
When set to no, the file will only be transferred if the destination does not exist.
lstrip_blocks
boolean
    Choices:
  • no ←
  • yes
Determine when leading spaces and tabs should be stripped.
When set to yes leading spaces and tabs are stripped from the start of a line to a block.
This functionality requires Jinja 2.7 or newer.
newline_sequence
string
    Choices:
  • \n
  • \r
  • \r\n ←
Specify the newline sequence to use for templating files.
output_encoding
string
Default:
"utf-8"
Overrides the encoding used to write the template file defined by dest.
It defaults to utf-8, but any encoding supported by python can be used.
The source template file must always be encoded using utf-8, for homogeneity.
src
path / required
Path of a Jinja2 formatted template on the Ansible controller.
This can be a relative or an absolute path.
The file must be encoded with utf-8 but output_encoding can be used to control the encoding of the output template.
trim_blocks
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes ←
Determine when newlines should be removed from blocks.
When set to yes the first newline after a block is removed (block, not variable tag!).
variable_end_string
string
Default:
"}}"
The string marking the end of a print statement.
variable_start_string
string
Default:
"{{"
The string marking the beginning of a print statement.

Notes

Note

  • Including a string that uses a date in the template will result in the template being marked ‘changed’ each time.

  • Also, you can override jinja2 settings by adding a special header to template file. i.e. #jinja2:variable_start_string:'[%', variable_end_string:'%]', trim_blocks: False which changes the variable interpolation markers to [% var %] instead of {{ var }}. This is the best way to prevent evaluation of things that look like, but should not be Jinja2.

  • Using raw/endraw in Jinja2 will not work as you expect because templates in Ansible are recursively evaluated.

  • To find Byte Order Marks in files, use Format-Hex <file> -Count 16 on Windows, and use od -a -t x1 -N 16 <file> on Linux.

  • Beware fetching files from windows machines when creating templates because certain tools, such as Powershell ISE, and regedit’s export facility add a Byte Order Mark as the first character of the file, which can cause tracebacks.

  • You can use the ansible.windows.win_copy module with the content: option if you prefer the template inline, as part of the playbook.

  • For Linux you can use ansible.builtin.template which uses ‘\n’ as newline_sequence by default.

See Also

See also

ansible.windows.win_copy

The official documentation on the ansible.windows.win_copy module.

ansible.builtin.copy

The official documentation on the ansible.builtin.copy module.

ansible.builtin.template

The official documentation on the ansible.builtin.template module.

Examples

- name: Create a file from a Jinja2 template
  ansible.windows.win_template:
    src: /mytemplates/file.conf.j2
    dest: C:\Temp\file.conf

- name: Create a Unix-style file from a Jinja2 template
  ansible.windows.win_template:
    src: unix/config.conf.j2
    dest: C:\share\unix\config.conf
    newline_sequence: '\n'
    backup: yes

Return Values

Common return values are documented here, the following are the fields unique to this module:

Key Returned Description
backup_file
string
if backup=yes
Name of the backup file that was created.

Sample:
C:\Path\To\File.txt.11540.20150212-220915.bak


Authors

  • Jon Hawkesworth (@jhawkesworth)