cisco.ios.ios_user module – Module to manage the aggregates of local users.

Note

This module is part of the cisco.ios collection (version 4.0.0).

You might already have this collection installed if you are using the ansible package. It is not included in ansible-core. To check whether it is installed, run ansible-galaxy collection list.

To install it, use: ansible-galaxy collection install cisco.ios.

To use it in a playbook, specify: cisco.ios.ios_user.

New in cisco.ios 1.0.0

Synopsis

  • This module provides declarative management of the local usernames configured on network devices. It allows playbooks to manage either individual usernames or the aggregate of usernames in the current running config. It also supports purging usernames from the configuration that are not explicitly defined.

Parameters

Parameter

Comments

aggregate

aliases: users, collection

list / elements=dictionary

The set of username objects to be configured on the remote Cisco IOS device. The list entries can either be the username or a hash of username and properties. This argument is mutually exclusive with the name argument.

configured_password

string

The password to be configured on the Cisco IOS device. The password needs to be provided in clear and it will be encrypted on the device. Please note that this option is not same as provider password.

hashed_password

dictionary

This option allows configuring hashed passwords on Cisco IOS devices.

type

integer / required

Specifies the type of hash (e.g., 5 for MD5, 8 for PBKDF2, etc.)

For this to work, the device needs to support the desired hash type

value

string / required

The actual hashed password to be configured on the device

name

string / required

The username to be configured on the Cisco IOS device. This argument accepts a string value and is mutually exclusive with the aggregate argument. Please note that this option is not same as provider username.

nopassword

boolean

Defines the username without assigning a password. This will allow the user to login to the system without being authenticated by a password.

Choices:

  • false

  • true

password_type

string

This argument determines whether a ‘password’ or ‘secret’ will be configured.

Choices:

  • "secret"

  • "password"

privilege

integer

The privilege argument configures the privilege level of the user when logged into the system. This argument accepts integer values in the range of 1 to 15.

sshkey

list / elements=string

Specifies one or more SSH public key(s) to configure for the given username.

This argument accepts a valid SSH key value.

state

string

Configures the state of the username definition as it relates to the device operational configuration. When set to present, the username(s) should be configured in the device active configuration and when set to absent the username(s) should not be in the device active configuration

Choices:

  • "present"

  • "absent"

update_password

string

Since passwords are encrypted in the device running config, this argument will instruct the module when to change the password. When set to always, the password will always be updated in the device and when set to on_create the password will be updated only if the username is created.

Choices:

  • "on_create"

  • "always"

view

aliases: role

string

Configures the view for the username in the device running configuration. The argument accepts a string value defining the view name. This argument does not check if the view has been configured on the device.

configured_password

string

The password to be configured on the Cisco IOS device. The password needs to be provided in clear and it will be encrypted on the device. Please note that this option is not same as provider password.

hashed_password

dictionary

This option allows configuring hashed passwords on Cisco IOS devices.

type

integer / required

Specifies the type of hash (e.g., 5 for MD5, 8 for PBKDF2, etc.)

For this to work, the device needs to support the desired hash type

value

string / required

The actual hashed password to be configured on the device

name

string

The username to be configured on the Cisco IOS device. This argument accepts a string value and is mutually exclusive with the aggregate argument. Please note that this option is not same as provider username.

nopassword

boolean

Defines the username without assigning a password. This will allow the user to login to the system without being authenticated by a password.

Choices:

  • false

  • true

password_type

string

This argument determines whether a ‘password’ or ‘secret’ will be configured.

Choices:

  • "secret" ← (default)

  • "password"

privilege

integer

The privilege argument configures the privilege level of the user when logged into the system. This argument accepts integer values in the range of 1 to 15.

purge

boolean

Instructs the module to consider the resource definition absolute. It will remove any previously configured usernames on the device with the exception of the `admin` user (the current defined set of users).

Choices:

  • false ← (default)

  • true

sshkey

list / elements=string

Specifies one or more SSH public key(s) to configure for the given username.

This argument accepts a valid SSH key value.

state

string

Configures the state of the username definition as it relates to the device operational configuration. When set to present, the username(s) should be configured in the device active configuration and when set to absent the username(s) should not be in the device active configuration

Choices:

  • "present" ← (default)

  • "absent"

update_password

string

Since passwords are encrypted in the device running config, this argument will instruct the module when to change the password. When set to always, the password will always be updated in the device and when set to on_create the password will be updated only if the username is created.

Choices:

  • "on_create"

  • "always" ← (default)

view

aliases: role

string

Configures the view for the username in the device running configuration. The argument accepts a string value defining the view name. This argument does not check if the view has been configured on the device.

Notes

Note

Examples

- name: create a new user
  cisco.ios.ios_user:
    name: ansible
    nopassword: true
    sshkey: "{{ lookup('file', '~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub') }}"
    state: present

- name: create a new user with multiple keys
  cisco.ios.ios_user:
    name: ansible
    sshkey:
    - "{{ lookup('file', '~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub') }}"
    - "{{ lookup('file', '~/path/to/public_key') }}"
    state: present

- name: remove all users except admin
  cisco.ios.ios_user:
    purge: yes

- name: remove all users except admin and these listed users
  cisco.ios.ios_user:
    aggregate:
    - name: testuser1
    - name: testuser2
    - name: testuser3
    purge: yes

- name: set multiple users to privilege level 15
  cisco.ios.ios_user:
    aggregate:
    - name: netop
    - name: netend
    privilege: 15
    state: present

- name: set user view/role
  cisco.ios.ios_user:
    name: netop
    view: network-operator
    state: present

- name: Change Password for User netop
  cisco.ios.ios_user:
    name: netop
    configured_password: '{{ new_password }}'
    update_password: always
    state: present

- name: Aggregate of users
  cisco.ios.ios_user:
    aggregate:
    - name: ansibletest2
    - name: ansibletest3
    view: network-admin

- name: Add a user specifying password type
  cisco.ios.ios_user:
    name: ansibletest4
    configured_password: '{{ new_password }}'
    password_type: password

- name: Add a user with MD5 hashed password
  cisco.ios.ios_user:
    name: ansibletest5
    hashed_password:
      type: 5
      value: $3$8JcDilcYgFZi.yz4ApaqkHG2.8/

- name: Delete users with aggregate
  cisco.ios.ios_user:
    aggregate:
    - name: ansibletest1
    - name: ansibletest2
    - name: ansibletest3
    state: absent

Return Values

Common return values are documented here, the following are the fields unique to this module:

Key

Description

commands

list / elements=string

The list of configuration mode commands to send to the device

Returned: always

Sample: ["username ansible secret password", "username admin secret admin"]

Authors

  • Trishna Guha (@trishnaguha)