community.crypto.x509_certificate_pipe module – Generate and/or check OpenSSL certificates

Note

This module is part of the community.crypto collection (version 2.8.1).

You might already have this collection installed if you are using the ansible package. It is not included in ansible-core. To check whether it is installed, run ansible-galaxy collection list.

To install it, use: ansible-galaxy collection install community.crypto. You need further requirements to be able to use this module, see Requirements for details.

To use it in a playbook, specify: community.crypto.x509_certificate_pipe.

New in community.crypto 1.3.0

Synopsis

  • It implements a notion of provider (ie. selfsigned, ownca, entrust) for your certificate.

  • It uses the cryptography python library to interact with OpenSSL.

  • Please note that the module regenerates an existing certificate if it does not match the module’s options, or if it seems to be corrupt. If you are concerned that this could overwrite your existing certificate, consider using the backup option.

  • The ownca provider is intended for generating an OpenSSL certificate signed with your own CA (Certificate Authority) certificate (self-signed certificate).

  • This module allows one to (re)generate OpenSSL certificates.

Requirements

The below requirements are needed on the host that executes this module.

  • cryptography >= 1.6 (if using selfsigned or ownca provider)

Parameters

Parameter

Comments

content

string

The existing certificate.

csr_content

string

Content of the Certificate Signing Request (CSR) used to generate this certificate.

This is mutually exclusive with csr_path.

csr_path

path

Path to the Certificate Signing Request (CSR) used to generate this certificate.

This is mutually exclusive with csr_content.

entrust_api_client_cert_key_path

path

The path to the private key of the client certificate used to authenticate to the Entrust Certificate Services (ECS) API.

This is only used by the entrust provider.

This is required if the provider is entrust.

entrust_api_client_cert_path

path

The path to the client certificate used to authenticate to the Entrust Certificate Services (ECS) API.

This is only used by the entrust provider.

This is required if the provider is entrust.

entrust_api_key

string

The key (password) for authentication to the Entrust Certificate Services (ECS) API.

This is only used by the entrust provider.

This is required if the provider is entrust.

entrust_api_specification_path

path

The path to the specification file defining the Entrust Certificate Services (ECS) API configuration.

You can use this to keep a local copy of the specification to avoid downloading it every time the module is used.

This is only used by the entrust provider.

Default: "https://cloud.entrust.net/EntrustCloud/documentation/cms-api-2.1.0.yaml"

entrust_api_user

string

The username for authentication to the Entrust Certificate Services (ECS) API.

This is only used by the entrust provider.

This is required if the provider is entrust.

entrust_cert_type

string

Specify the type of certificate requested.

This is only used by the entrust provider.

Choices:

  • "STANDARD_SSL" ← (default)

  • "ADVANTAGE_SSL"

  • "UC_SSL"

  • "EV_SSL"

  • "WILDCARD_SSL"

  • "PRIVATE_SSL"

  • "PD_SSL"

  • "CDS_ENT_LITE"

  • "CDS_ENT_PRO"

  • "SMIME_ENT"

entrust_not_after

string

The point in time at which the certificate stops being valid.

Time can be specified either as relative time or as an absolute timestamp.

A valid absolute time format is ASN.1 TIME such as 2019-06-18.

A valid relative time format is [+-]timespec where timespec can be an integer + [w | d | h | m | s], such as +365d or +32w1d2h).

Time will always be interpreted as UTC.

Note that only the date (day, month, year) is supported for specifying the expiry date of the issued certificate.

The full date-time is adjusted to EST (GMT -5:00) before issuance, which may result in a certificate with an expiration date one day earlier than expected if a relative time is used.

The minimum certificate lifetime is 90 days, and maximum is three years.

If this value is not specified, the certificate will stop being valid 365 days the date of issue.

This is only used by the entrust provider.

Please note that this value is not covered by the ignore_timestamps option.

Default: "+365d"

entrust_requester_email

string

The email of the requester of the certificate (for tracking purposes).

This is only used by the entrust provider.

This is required if the provider is entrust.

entrust_requester_name

string

The name of the requester of the certificate (for tracking purposes).

This is only used by the entrust provider.

This is required if the provider is entrust.

entrust_requester_phone

string

The phone number of the requester of the certificate (for tracking purposes).

This is only used by the entrust provider.

This is required if the provider is entrust.

force

boolean

Generate the certificate, even if it already exists.

Choices:

  • false ← (default)

  • true

ignore_timestamps

boolean

added in community.crypto 2.0.0

Whether the “not before” and “not after” timestamps should be ignored for idempotency checks.

It is better to keep the default value true when using relative timestamps (like +0s for now).

Choices:

  • false

  • true ← (default)

ownca_content

string

Content of the CA (Certificate Authority) certificate.

This is only used by the ownca provider.

This is mutually exclusive with ownca_path.

ownca_create_authority_key_identifier

boolean

Create a Authority Key Identifier from the CA’s certificate. If the CSR provided a authority key identifier, it is ignored.

The Authority Key Identifier is generated from the CA certificate’s Subject Key Identifier, if available. If it is not available, the CA certificate’s public key will be used.

This is only used by the ownca provider.

Note that this is only supported if the cryptography backend is used!

Choices:

  • false

  • true ← (default)

ownca_create_subject_key_identifier

string

Whether to create the Subject Key Identifier (SKI) from the public key.

A value of create_if_not_provided (default) only creates a SKI when the CSR does not provide one.

A value of always_create always creates a SKI. If the CSR provides one, that one is ignored.

A value of never_create never creates a SKI. If the CSR provides one, that one is used.

This is only used by the ownca provider.

Note that this is only supported if the cryptography backend is used!

Choices:

  • "create_if_not_provided" ← (default)

  • "always_create"

  • "never_create"

ownca_digest

string

The digest algorithm to be used for the ownca certificate.

This is only used by the ownca provider.

Default: "sha256"

ownca_not_after

string

The point in time at which the certificate stops being valid.

Time can be specified either as relative time or as absolute timestamp.

Time will always be interpreted as UTC.

Valid format is [+-]timespec | ASN.1 TIME where timespec can be an integer + [w | d | h | m | s] (for example +32w1d2h).

If this value is not specified, the certificate will stop being valid 10 years from now.

Note that this value is not used to determine whether an existing certificate should be regenerated. This can be changed by setting the ignore_timestamps option to false. Please note that you should avoid relative timestamps when setting ignore_timestamps=false.

This is only used by the ownca provider.

On macOS 10.15 and onwards, TLS server certificates must have a validity period of 825 days or fewer. Please see https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT210176 for more details.

Default: "+3650d"

ownca_not_before

string

The point in time the certificate is valid from.

Time can be specified either as relative time or as absolute timestamp.

Time will always be interpreted as UTC.

Valid format is [+-]timespec | ASN.1 TIME where timespec can be an integer + [w | d | h | m | s] (for example +32w1d2h).

If this value is not specified, the certificate will start being valid from now.

Note that this value is not used to determine whether an existing certificate should be regenerated. This can be changed by setting the ignore_timestamps option to false. Please note that you should avoid relative timestamps when setting ignore_timestamps=false.

This is only used by the ownca provider.

Default: "+0s"

ownca_path

path

Remote absolute path of the CA (Certificate Authority) certificate.

This is only used by the ownca provider.

This is mutually exclusive with ownca_content.

ownca_privatekey_content

string

Content of the CA (Certificate Authority) private key to use when signing the certificate.

This is only used by the ownca provider.

This is mutually exclusive with ownca_privatekey_path.

ownca_privatekey_passphrase

string

The passphrase for the ownca_privatekey_path resp. ownca_privatekey_content.

This is only used by the ownca provider.

ownca_privatekey_path

path

Path to the CA (Certificate Authority) private key to use when signing the certificate.

This is only used by the ownca provider.

This is mutually exclusive with ownca_privatekey_content.

ownca_version

integer

The version of the ownca certificate.

Nowadays it should almost always be 3.

This is only used by the ownca provider.

Default: 3

privatekey_content

string

Path to the private key to use when signing the certificate.

This is mutually exclusive with privatekey_path.

privatekey_passphrase

string

The passphrase for the privatekey_path resp. privatekey_content.

This is required if the private key is password protected.

privatekey_path

path

Path to the private key to use when signing the certificate.

This is mutually exclusive with privatekey_content.

provider

string / required

Name of the provider to use to generate/retrieve the OpenSSL certificate.

The entrust provider requires credentials for the Entrust Certificate Services (ECS) API.

Choices:

  • "entrust"

  • "ownca"

  • "selfsigned"

select_crypto_backend

string

Determines which crypto backend to use.

The default choice is auto, which tries to use cryptography if available.

If set to cryptography, will try to use the cryptography library.

Choices:

  • "auto" ← (default)

  • "cryptography"

selfsigned_create_subject_key_identifier

string

Whether to create the Subject Key Identifier (SKI) from the public key.

A value of create_if_not_provided (default) only creates a SKI when the CSR does not provide one.

A value of always_create always creates a SKI. If the CSR provides one, that one is ignored.

A value of never_create never creates a SKI. If the CSR provides one, that one is used.

This is only used by the selfsigned provider.

Note that this is only supported if the cryptography backend is used!

Choices:

  • "create_if_not_provided" ← (default)

  • "always_create"

  • "never_create"

selfsigned_digest

string

Digest algorithm to be used when self-signing the certificate.

This is only used by the selfsigned provider.

Default: "sha256"

selfsigned_not_after

aliases: selfsigned_notAfter

string

The point in time at which the certificate stops being valid.

Time can be specified either as relative time or as absolute timestamp.

Time will always be interpreted as UTC.

Valid format is [+-]timespec | ASN.1 TIME where timespec can be an integer + [w | d | h | m | s] (for example +32w1d2h).

If this value is not specified, the certificate will stop being valid 10 years from now.

Note that this value is not used to determine whether an existing certificate should be regenerated. This can be changed by setting the ignore_timestamps option to false. Please note that you should avoid relative timestamps when setting ignore_timestamps=false.

This is only used by the selfsigned provider.

On macOS 10.15 and onwards, TLS server certificates must have a validity period of 825 days or fewer. Please see https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT210176 for more details.

Default: "+3650d"

selfsigned_not_before

aliases: selfsigned_notBefore

string

The point in time the certificate is valid from.

Time can be specified either as relative time or as absolute timestamp.

Time will always be interpreted as UTC.

Valid format is [+-]timespec | ASN.1 TIME where timespec can be an integer + [w | d | h | m | s] (for example +32w1d2h).

If this value is not specified, the certificate will start being valid from now.

Note that this value is not used to determine whether an existing certificate should be regenerated. This can be changed by setting the ignore_timestamps option to false. Please note that you should avoid relative timestamps when setting ignore_timestamps=false.

This is only used by the selfsigned provider.

Default: "+0s"

selfsigned_version

integer

Version of the selfsigned certificate.

Nowadays it should almost always be 3.

This is only used by the selfsigned provider.

Default: 3

Attributes

Attribute

Support

Description

check_mode

Support: full

Can run in check_mode and return changed status prediction without modifying target.

diff_mode

Support: full

Will return details on what has changed (or possibly needs changing in check_mode), when in diff mode.

Notes

Note

  • All ASN.1 TIME values should be specified following the YYYYMMDDHHMMSSZ pattern.

  • Date specified should be UTC. Minutes and seconds are mandatory.

  • For security reason, when you use ownca provider, you should NOT run community.crypto.x509_certificate on a target machine, but on a dedicated CA machine. It is recommended not to store the CA private key on the target machine. Once signed, the certificate can be moved to the target machine.

  • For the selfsigned provider, csr_path and csr_content are optional. If not provided, a certificate without any information (Subject, Subject Alternative Names, Key Usage, etc.) is created.

See Also

See also

community.crypto.x509_certificate

The official documentation on the community.crypto.x509_certificate module.

community.crypto.openssl_csr

The official documentation on the community.crypto.openssl_csr module.

community.crypto.openssl_csr_pipe

The official documentation on the community.crypto.openssl_csr_pipe module.

community.crypto.openssl_dhparam

The official documentation on the community.crypto.openssl_dhparam module.

community.crypto.openssl_pkcs12

The official documentation on the community.crypto.openssl_pkcs12 module.

community.crypto.openssl_privatekey

The official documentation on the community.crypto.openssl_privatekey module.

community.crypto.openssl_privatekey_pipe

The official documentation on the community.crypto.openssl_privatekey_pipe module.

community.crypto.openssl_publickey

The official documentation on the community.crypto.openssl_publickey module.

Examples

- name: Generate a Self Signed OpenSSL certificate
  community.crypto.x509_certificate_pipe:
    provider: selfsigned
    privatekey_path: /etc/ssl/private/ansible.com.pem
    csr_path: /etc/ssl/csr/ansible.com.csr
  register: result
- name: Print the certificate
  ansible.builtin.debug:
    var: result.certificate

# In the following example, both CSR and certificate file are stored on the
# machine where ansible-playbook is executed, while the OwnCA data (certificate,
# private key) are stored on the remote machine.

- name: (1/2) Generate an OpenSSL Certificate with the CSR provided inline
  community.crypto.x509_certificate_pipe:
    provider: ownca
    content: "{{ lookup('file', '/etc/ssl/csr/www.ansible.com.crt') }}"
    csr_content: "{{ lookup('file', '/etc/ssl/csr/www.ansible.com.csr') }}"
    ownca_cert: /path/to/ca_cert.crt
    ownca_privatekey: /path/to/ca_cert.key
    ownca_privatekey_passphrase: hunter2
  register: result

- name: (2/2) Store certificate
  ansible.builtin.copy:
    dest: /etc/ssl/csr/www.ansible.com.crt
    content: "{{ result.certificate }}"
  delegate_to: localhost
  when: result is changed

# In the following example, the certificate from another machine is signed by
# our OwnCA whose private key and certificate are only available on this
# machine (where ansible-playbook is executed), without having to write
# the certificate file to disk on localhost. The CSR could have been
# provided by community.crypto.openssl_csr_pipe earlier, or also have been
# read from the remote machine.

- name: (1/3) Read certificate's contents from remote machine
  ansible.builtin.slurp:
    src: /etc/ssl/csr/www.ansible.com.crt
  register: certificate_content

- name: (2/3) Generate an OpenSSL Certificate with the CSR provided inline
  community.crypto.x509_certificate_pipe:
    provider: ownca
    content: "{{ certificate_content.content | b64decode }}"
    csr_content: "{{ the_csr }}"
    ownca_cert: /path/to/ca_cert.crt
    ownca_privatekey: /path/to/ca_cert.key
    ownca_privatekey_passphrase: hunter2
  delegate_to: localhost
  register: result

- name: (3/3) Store certificate
  ansible.builtin.copy:
    dest: /etc/ssl/csr/www.ansible.com.crt
    content: "{{ result.certificate }}"
  when: result is changed

Return Values

Common return values are documented here, the following are the fields unique to this module:

Key

Description

certificate

string

The (current or generated) certificate’s content.

Returned: changed or success

Authors

  • Yanis Guenane (@Spredzy)

  • Markus Teufelberger (@MarkusTeufelberger)

  • Felix Fontein (@felixfontein)