community.general.ufw module – Manage firewall with UFW

Note

This module is part of the community.general collection (version 4.8.1).

You might already have this collection installed if you are using the ansible package. It is not included in ansible-core. To check whether it is installed, run ansible-galaxy collection list.

To install it, use: ansible-galaxy collection install community.general.

To use it in a playbook, specify: community.general.ufw.

Synopsis

  • Manage firewall with UFW.

Requirements

The below requirements are needed on the host that executes this module.

  • ufw package

Parameters

Parameter

Comments

comment

string

Add a comment to the rule. Requires UFW version >=0.35.

default

aliases: policy

string

Change the default policy for incoming or outgoing traffic.

Choices:

  • allow

  • deny

  • reject

delete

boolean

Delete rule.

If delete=true and a value is provided for insert, then insert is ignored.

Choices:

  • no ← (default)

  • yes

direction

string

Select direction for a rule or default policy command. Mutually exclusive with interface_in and interface_out.

Choices:

  • in

  • incoming

  • out

  • outgoing

  • routed

from_ip

aliases: from, src

string

Source IP address.

Default: “any”

from_port

string

Source port.

insert

integer

Insert the corresponding rule as rule number NUM.

Note that ufw numbers rules starting with 1.

If delete=true and a value is provided for insert, then insert is ignored.

insert_relative_to

string

Allows to interpret the index in insert relative to a position.

zero interprets the rule number as an absolute index (i.e. 1 is the first rule).

first-ipv4 interprets the rule number relative to the index of the first IPv4 rule, or relative to the position where the first IPv4 rule would be if there is currently none.

last-ipv4 interprets the rule number relative to the index of the last IPv4 rule, or relative to the position where the last IPv4 rule would be if there is currently none.

first-ipv6 interprets the rule number relative to the index of the first IPv6 rule, or relative to the position where the first IPv6 rule would be if there is currently none.

last-ipv6 interprets the rule number relative to the index of the last IPv6 rule, or relative to the position where the last IPv6 rule would be if there is currently none.

Choices:

  • first-ipv4

  • first-ipv6

  • last-ipv4

  • last-ipv6

  • zero ← (default)

interface

aliases: if

string

Specify interface for the rule. The direction (in or out) used for the interface depends on the value of direction. See interface_in and interface_out for routed rules that needs to supply both an input and output interface. Mutually exclusive with interface_in and interface_out.

interface_in

aliases: if_in

string

added in 0.2.0 of community.general

Specify input interface for the rule. This is mutually exclusive with direction and interface. However, it is compatible with interface_out for routed rules.

interface_out

aliases: if_out

string

added in 0.2.0 of community.general

Specify output interface for the rule. This is mutually exclusive with direction and interface. However, it is compatible with interface_in for routed rules.

log

boolean

Log new connections matched to this rule

Choices:

  • no ← (default)

  • yes

logging

string

Toggles logging. Logged packets use the LOG_KERN syslog facility.

Choices:

  • on

  • off

  • low

  • medium

  • high

  • full

name

aliases: app

string

Use profile located in /etc/ufw/applications.d.

proto

aliases: protocol

string

TCP/IP protocol.

Choices:

  • any

  • tcp

  • udp

  • ipv6

  • esp

  • ah

  • gre

  • igmp

route

boolean

Apply the rule to routed/forwarded packets.

Choices:

  • no ← (default)

  • yes

rule

string

Add firewall rule

Choices:

  • allow

  • deny

  • limit

  • reject

state

string

enabled reloads firewall and enables firewall on boot.

disabled unloads firewall and disables firewall on boot.

reloaded reloads firewall.

reset disables and resets firewall to installation defaults.

Choices:

  • disabled

  • enabled

  • reloaded

  • reset

to_ip

aliases: dest, to

string

Destination IP address.

Default: “any”

to_port

aliases: port

string

Destination port.

Notes

Note

  • See man ufw for more examples.

Examples

- name: Allow everything and enable UFW
  community.general.ufw:
    state: enabled
    policy: allow

- name: Set logging
  community.general.ufw:
    logging: 'on'

# Sometimes it is desirable to let the sender know when traffic is
# being denied, rather than simply ignoring it. In these cases, use
# reject instead of deny. In addition, log rejected connections:
- community.general.ufw:
    rule: reject
    port: auth
    log: yes

# ufw supports connection rate limiting, which is useful for protecting
# against brute-force login attacks. ufw will deny connections if an IP
# address has attempted to initiate 6 or more connections in the last
# 30 seconds. See  http://www.debian-administration.org/articles/187
# for details. Typical usage is:
- community.general.ufw:
    rule: limit
    port: ssh
    proto: tcp

# Allow OpenSSH. (Note that as ufw manages its own state, simply removing
# a rule=allow task can leave those ports exposed. Either use delete=yes
# or a separate state=reset task)
- community.general.ufw:
    rule: allow
    name: OpenSSH

- name: Delete OpenSSH rule
  community.general.ufw:
    rule: allow
    name: OpenSSH
    delete: yes

- name: Deny all access to port 53
  community.general.ufw:
    rule: deny
    port: '53'

- name: Allow port range 60000-61000
  community.general.ufw:
    rule: allow
    port: 60000:61000
    proto: tcp

- name: Allow all access to tcp port 80
  community.general.ufw:
    rule: allow
    port: '80'
    proto: tcp

- name: Allow all access from RFC1918 networks to this host
  community.general.ufw:
    rule: allow
    src: '{{ item }}'
  loop:
    - 10.0.0.0/8
    - 172.16.0.0/12
    - 192.168.0.0/16

- name: Deny access to udp port 514 from host 1.2.3.4 and include a comment
  community.general.ufw:
    rule: deny
    proto: udp
    src: 1.2.3.4
    port: '514'
    comment: Block syslog

- name: Allow incoming access to eth0 from 1.2.3.5 port 5469 to 1.2.3.4 port 5469
  community.general.ufw:
    rule: allow
    interface: eth0
    direction: in
    proto: udp
    src: 1.2.3.5
    from_port: '5469'
    dest: 1.2.3.4
    to_port: '5469'

# Note that IPv6 must be enabled in /etc/default/ufw for IPv6 firewalling to work.
- name: Deny all traffic from the IPv6 2001:db8::/32 to tcp port 25 on this host
  community.general.ufw:
    rule: deny
    proto: tcp
    src: 2001:db8::/32
    port: '25'

- name: Deny all IPv6 traffic to tcp port 20 on this host
  # this should be the first IPv6 rule
  community.general.ufw:
    rule: deny
    proto: tcp
    port: '20'
    to_ip: "::"
    insert: 0
    insert_relative_to: first-ipv6

- name: Deny all IPv4 traffic to tcp port 20 on this host
  # This should be the third to last IPv4 rule
  # (insert: -1 addresses the second to last IPv4 rule;
  #  so the new rule will be inserted before the second
  #  to last IPv4 rule, and will be come the third to last
  #  IPv4 rule.)
  community.general.ufw:
    rule: deny
    proto: tcp
    port: '20'
    to_ip: "::"
    insert: -1
    insert_relative_to: last-ipv4

# Can be used to further restrict a global FORWARD policy set to allow
- name: Deny forwarded/routed traffic from subnet 1.2.3.0/24 to subnet 4.5.6.0/24
  community.general.ufw:
    rule: deny
    route: yes
    src: 1.2.3.0/24
    dest: 4.5.6.0/24

Authors

  • Aleksey Ovcharenko (@ovcharenko)

  • Jarno Keskikangas (@pyykkis)

  • Ahti Kitsik (@ahtik)