community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault lookup – Retrieve secrets from HashiCorp’s Vault

Note

This lookup plugin is part of the community.hashi_vault collection (version 3.0.0).

You might already have this collection installed if you are using the ansible package. It is not included in ansible-core. To check whether it is installed, run ansible-galaxy collection list.

To install it, use: ansible-galaxy collection install community.hashi_vault.

To use it in a playbook, specify: community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault.

Synopsis

Requirements

The below requirements are needed on the local controller node that executes this lookup.

Parameters

Parameter

Comments

auth_method

string

Authentication method to be used.

none auth method was added in collection version 1.2.0.

cert auth method was added in collection version 1.4.0.

aws_iam_login was renamed aws_iam in collection version 2.1.0 and was removed in 3.0.0.

Choices:

  • token ← (default)

  • userpass

  • ldap

  • approle

  • aws_iam

  • jwt

  • cert

  • none

Configuration:

  • INI entry:

    [hashi_vault_collection]
    auth_method = token
    

    added in 1.4.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Environment variable: ANSIBLE_HASHI_VAULT_AUTH_METHOD

    added in 0.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Variable: ansible_hashi_vault_auth_method

    added in 1.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

aws_access_key

aliases: aws_access_key_id

string

The AWS access key to use.

Configuration:

  • Environment variable: EC2_ACCESS_KEY

  • Environment variable: AWS_ACCESS_KEY

  • Environment variable: AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID

aws_iam_server_id

string

added in 0.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

If specified, sets the value to use for the X-Vault-AWS-IAM-Server-ID header as part of GetCallerIdentity request.

Configuration:

  • INI entry:

    [hashi_vault_collection]
    aws_iam_server_id = None
    

    added in 1.4.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Environment variable: ANSIBLE_HASHI_VAULT_AWS_IAM_SERVER_ID

aws_profile

aliases: boto_profile

string

The AWS profile

Configuration:

  • Environment variable: AWS_DEFAULT_PROFILE

  • Environment variable: AWS_PROFILE

aws_secret_key

aliases: aws_secret_access_key

string

The AWS secret key that corresponds to the access key.

Configuration:

  • Environment variable: EC2_SECRET_KEY

  • Environment variable: AWS_SECRET_KEY

  • Environment variable: AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY

aws_security_token

string

The AWS security token if using temporary access and secret keys.

Configuration:

  • Environment variable: EC2_SECURITY_TOKEN

  • Environment variable: AWS_SESSION_TOKEN

  • Environment variable: AWS_SECURITY_TOKEN

ca_cert

aliases: cacert

string

Path to certificate to use for authentication.

If not specified by any other means, the VAULT_CACERT environment variable will be used.

Configuration:

  • INI entry:

    [hashi_vault_collection]
    ca_cert = None
    

    added in 1.4.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Environment variable: ANSIBLE_HASHI_VAULT_CA_CERT

    added in 1.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Variable: ansible_hashi_vault_ca_cert

    added in 1.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

cert_auth_private_key

path

added in 1.4.0 of community.hashi_vault

For cert auth, path to the private key file to authenticate with, in PEM format.

Configuration:

  • INI entry:

    [hashi_vault_collection]
    cert_auth_private_key = None
    
  • Environment variable: ANSIBLE_HASHI_VAULT_CERT_AUTH_PRIVATE_KEY

cert_auth_public_key

path

added in 1.4.0 of community.hashi_vault

For cert auth, path to the certificate file to authenticate with, in PEM format.

Configuration:

  • INI entry:

    [hashi_vault_collection]
    cert_auth_public_key = None
    
  • Environment variable: ANSIBLE_HASHI_VAULT_CERT_AUTH_PUBLIC_KEY

jwt

string

The JSON Web Token (JWT) to use for JWT authentication to Vault.

Configuration:

  • Environment variable: ANSIBLE_HASHI_VAULT_JWT

mount_point

string

Vault mount point.

If not specified, the default mount point for a given auth method is used.

Does not apply to token authentication.

Configuration:

  • INI entry:

    [hashi_vault_collection]
    mount_point = None
    

    added in 1.5.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Environment variable: ANSIBLE_HASHI_VAULT_MOUNT_POINT

    added in 1.5.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Variable: ansible_hashi_vault_mount_point

    added in 1.5.0 of community.hashi_vault

namespace

string

Vault namespace where secrets reside. This option requires HVAC 0.7.0+ and Vault 0.11+.

Optionally, this may be achieved by prefixing the authentication mount point and/or secret path with the namespace (e.g mynamespace/secret/mysecret).

If environment variable VAULT_NAMESPACE is set, its value will be used last among all ways to specify namespace.

Configuration:

  • INI entry:

    [hashi_vault_collection]
    namespace = None
    

    added in 1.4.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Environment variable: ANSIBLE_HASHI_VAULT_NAMESPACE

    added in 0.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Variable: ansible_hashi_vault_namespace

    added in 1.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

password

string

Authentication password.

Configuration:

  • Environment variable: ANSIBLE_HASHI_VAULT_PASSWORD

    added in 1.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Variable: ansible_hashi_vault_password

    added in 1.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

proxies

raw

added in 1.1.0 of community.hashi_vault

URL(s) to the proxies used to access the Vault service.

It can be a string or a dict.

If it’s a dict, provide the scheme (eg. http or https) as the key, and the URL as the value.

If it’s a string, provide a single URL that will be used as the proxy for both http and https schemes.

A string that can be interpreted as a dictionary will be converted to one (see examples).

You can specify a different proxy for HTTP and HTTPS resources.

If not specified, environment variables from the Requests library are used.

Configuration:

  • INI entry:

    [hashi_vault_collection]
    proxies = None
    

    added in 1.4.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Environment variable: ANSIBLE_HASHI_VAULT_PROXIES

  • Variable: ansible_hashi_vault_proxies

    added in 1.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

region

string

The AWS region for which to create the connection.

Configuration:

  • Environment variable: EC2_REGION

  • Environment variable: AWS_REGION

retries

raw

added in 1.3.0 of community.hashi_vault

Allows for retrying on errors, based on the Retry class in the urllib3 library.

This collection defines recommended defaults for retrying connections to Vault.

This option can be specified as a positive number (integer) or dictionary.

If this option is not specified or the number is 0, then retries are disabled.

A number sets the total number of retries, and uses collection defaults for the other settings.

A dictionary value is used directly to initialize the Retry class, so it can be used to fully customize retries.

For detailed information on retries, see the collection User Guide.

Configuration:

  • INI entry:

    [hashi_vault_collection]
    retries = None
    

    added in 1.4.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Environment variable: ANSIBLE_HASHI_VAULT_RETRIES

  • Variable: ansible_hashi_vault_retries

retry_action

string

added in 1.3.0 of community.hashi_vault

Controls whether and how to show messages on retries.

This has no effect if a request is not retried.

Choices:

  • ignore

  • warn ← (default)

Configuration:

  • INI entry:

    [hashi_vault_collection]
    retry_action = warn
    

    added in 1.4.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Environment variable: ANSIBLE_HASHI_VAULT_RETRY_ACTION

  • Variable: ansible_hashi_vault_retry_action

return_format

aliases: as

string

Controls how multiple key/value pairs in a path are treated on return.

dict returns a single dict containing the key/value pairs.

values returns a list of all the values only. Use when you don’t care about the keys.

raw returns the actual API result (deserialized), which includes metadata and may have the data nested in other keys.

Choices:

  • dict ← (default)

  • values

  • raw

role_id

string

Vault Role ID or name. Used in approle, aws_iam, and cert auth methods.

For cert auth, if no role_id is supplied, the default behavior is to try all certificate roles and return any one that matches.

Configuration:

  • INI entry:

    [hashi_vault_collection]
    role_id = None
    

    added in 1.4.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Environment variable: ANSIBLE_HASHI_VAULT_ROLE_ID

    added in 0.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Variable: ansible_hashi_vault_role_id

    added in 1.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

secret

string / required

Vault path to the secret being requested in the format path[:field].

secret_id

string

Secret ID to be used for Vault AppRole authentication.

Configuration:

  • Environment variable: ANSIBLE_HASHI_VAULT_SECRET_ID

    added in 0.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Variable: ansible_hashi_vault_secret_id

    added in 1.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

timeout

integer

added in 1.3.0 of community.hashi_vault

Sets the connection timeout in seconds.

If not set, then the hvac library’s default is used.

Configuration:

  • INI entry:

    [hashi_vault_collection]
    timeout = None
    

    added in 1.4.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Environment variable: ANSIBLE_HASHI_VAULT_TIMEOUT

  • Variable: ansible_hashi_vault_timeout

token

string

Vault token. Token may be specified explicitly, through the listed [env] vars, and also through the VAULT_TOKEN env var.

If no token is supplied, explicitly or through env, then the plugin will check for a token file, as determined by token_path and token_file.

The order of token loading (first found wins) is token param -> ansible var -> ANSIBLE_HASHI_VAULT_TOKEN -> VAULT_TOKEN -> token file.

Configuration:

  • Environment variable: ANSIBLE_HASHI_VAULT_TOKEN

    added in 0.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Variable: ansible_hashi_vault_token

    added in 1.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

token_file

string

If no token is specified, will try to read the token from this file in token_path.

Default: “.vault-token”

Configuration:

  • INI entry:

    [hashi_vault_collection]
    token_file = .vault-token
    

    added in 1.4.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Environment variable: ANSIBLE_HASHI_VAULT_TOKEN_FILE

    added in 0.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Variable: ansible_hashi_vault_token_file

    added in 1.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

token_path

string

If no token is specified, will try to read the token_file from this path.

Configuration:

  • INI entry:

    [hashi_vault_collection]
    token_path = None
    

    added in 1.4.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Environment variable: ANSIBLE_HASHI_VAULT_TOKEN_PATH

    added in 0.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Variable: ansible_hashi_vault_token_path

    added in 1.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

token_validate

boolean

added in 0.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

For token auth, will perform a lookup-self operation to determine the token’s validity before using it.

Disable if your token does not have the lookup-self capability.

The default value is true.

The default value will change to false in version 4.0.0.

Choices:

  • no

  • yes

Configuration:

  • INI entry:

    [hashi_vault_collection]
    token_validate = None
    

    added in 1.4.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Environment variable: ANSIBLE_HASHI_VAULT_TOKEN_VALIDATE

  • Variable: ansible_hashi_vault_token_validate

    added in 1.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

url

string

URL to the Vault service.

If not specified by any other means, the value of the VAULT_ADDR environment variable will be used.

If VAULT_ADDR is also not defined then an error will be raised.

Configuration:

  • INI entry:

    [hashi_vault_collection]
    url = None
    

    added in 1.4.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Environment variable: ANSIBLE_HASHI_VAULT_ADDR

    added in 0.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Variable: ansible_hashi_vault_url

    added in 1.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Variable: ansible_hashi_vault_addr

    added in 1.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

username

string

Authentication user name.

Configuration:

  • Environment variable: ANSIBLE_HASHI_VAULT_USERNAME

    added in 1.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

  • Variable: ansible_hashi_vault_username

    added in 1.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

validate_certs

boolean

Controls verification and validation of SSL certificates, mostly you only want to turn off with self signed ones.

Will be populated with the inverse of VAULT_SKIP_VERIFY if that is set and validate_certs is not explicitly provided.

Will default to true if neither validate_certs or VAULT_SKIP_VERIFY are set.

Choices:

  • no

  • yes

Configuration:

  • Variable: ansible_hashi_vault_validate_certs

    added in 1.2.0 of community.hashi_vault

Notes

Note

  • Due to a current limitation in the HVAC library there won’t necessarily be an error if a bad endpoint is specified.

  • As of community.hashi_vault 0.1.0, only the latest version of a secret is returned when specifying a KV v2 path.

  • As of community.hashi_vault 0.1.0, all options can be supplied via term string (space delimited key=value pairs) or by parameters (see examples).

  • As of community.hashi_vault 0.1.0, when secret is the first option in the term string, secret= is not required (see examples).

See Also

See also

community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault Migration Guide

Migrating from the hashi_vault lookup.

About the community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault lookup

The past, present, and future of the hashi_vault lookup.

community.hashi_vault.vault_read lookup

The official documentation for the community.hashi_vault.vault_read lookup plugin.

community.hashi_vault.vault_read

The official documentation on the community.hashi_vault.vault_read module.

community.hashi_vault.vault_kv2_get lookup

The official documentation for the community.hashi_vault.vault_kv2_get lookup plugin.

community.hashi_vault.vault_kv2_get

The official documentation on the community.hashi_vault.vault_kv2_get module.

community.hashi_vault.vault_kv1_get lookup

The official documentation for the community.hashi_vault.vault_kv1_get lookup plugin.

community.hashi_vault.vault_kv1_get

The official documentation on the community.hashi_vault.vault_kv1_get module.

community.hashi_vault Lookup Guide

Guidance on using lookups in community.hashi_vault.

Examples

- ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret=secret/hello:value token=c975b780-d1be-8016-866b-01d0f9b688a5 url=http://myvault:8200') }}"

- name: Return all secrets from a path
  ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret=secret/hello token=c975b780-d1be-8016-866b-01d0f9b688a5 url=http://myvault:8200') }}"

- name: Vault that requires authentication via LDAP
  ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret/hello:value auth_method=ldap mount_point=ldap username=myuser password=mypas') }}"

- name: Vault that requires authentication via username and password
  ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret=secret/hola:val auth_method=userpass username=myuser password=psw url=http://vault:8200') }}"

- name: Connect to Vault using TLS
  ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret=secret/hola:value token=c975b780-d1be-8016-866b-01d0f9b688a5 validate_certs=False') }}"

- name: using certificate auth
  ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret/hi:val token=xxxx url=https://vault:8200 validate_certs=True cacert=/cacert/path/ca.pem') }}"

- name: Authenticate with a Vault app role
  ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret=secret/hello:value auth_method=approle role_id=myroleid secret_id=mysecretid') }}"

- name: Return all secrets from a path in a namespace
  ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret=secret/hello token=c975b780-d1be-8016-866b-01d0f9b688a5 namespace=teama/admins') }}"

# When using KV v2 the PATH should include "data" between the secret engine mount and path (e.g. "secret/data/:path")
# see: https://www.vaultproject.io/api/secret/kv/kv-v2.html#read-secret-version
- name: Return latest KV v2 secret from path
  ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret=secret/data/hello token=my_vault_token url=http://myvault_url:8200') }}"

# The following examples show more modern syntax, with parameters specified separately from the term string.

- name: secret= is not required if secret is first
  ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret/data/hello token=<token> url=http://myvault_url:8200') }}"

- name: options can be specified as parameters rather than put in term string
  ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret/data/hello', token=my_token_var, url='http://myvault_url:8200') }}"

# return_format (or its alias 'as') can control how secrets are returned to you
- name: return secrets as a dict (default)
  ansible.builtin.set_fact:
    my_secrets: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret/data/manysecrets', token=my_token_var, url='http://myvault_url:8200') }}"
- ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "{{ my_secrets['secret_key'] }}"
- ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "Secret '{{ item.key }}' has value '{{ item.value }}'"
  loop: "{{ my_secrets | dict2items }}"

- name: return secrets as values only
  ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "A secret value: {{ item }}"
  loop: "{{ query('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret/data/manysecrets', token=my_token_var, url='http://vault_url:8200', return_format='values') }}"

- name: return raw secret from API, including metadata
  ansible.builtin.set_fact:
    my_secret: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret/data/hello:value', token=my_token_var, url='http://myvault_url:8200', as='raw') }}"
- ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "This is version {{ my_secret['metadata']['version'] }} of hello:value. The secret data is {{ my_secret['data']['data']['value'] }}"

# AWS IAM authentication method
# uses Ansible standard AWS options

- name: authenticate with aws_iam
  ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret/hello:value', auth_method='aws_iam', role_id='myroleid', profile=my_boto_profile) }}"

# JWT auth

- name: Authenticate with a JWT
  ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret/hola:val', auth_method='jwt', role_id='myroleid', jwt='myjwt', url='https://vault:8200') }}"

# Disabling Token Validation
# Use this when your token does not have the lookup-self capability. Usually this is applied to all tokens via the default policy.
# However you can choose to create tokens without applying the default policy, or you can modify your default policy not to include it.
# When disabled, your invalid or expired token will be indistinguishable from insufficent permissions.

- name: authenticate without token validation
  ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret/hello:value', token=my_token, token_validate=False) }}"

# "none" auth method does no authentication and does not send a token to the Vault address.
# One example of where this could be used is with a Vault agent where the agent will handle authentication to Vault.
# https://www.vaultproject.io/docs/agent

- name: authenticate with vault agent
  ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret/hello:value', auth_method='none', url='http://127.0.0.1:8100') }}"

# Use a proxy

- name: use a proxy with login/password
  ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret=... token=... url=https://... proxies=https://user:[email protected]:8080') }}"

- name: 'use a socks proxy (need some additional dependencies, see: https://requests.readthedocs.io/en/master/user/advanced/#socks )'
  ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret=... token=... url=https://... proxies=socks5://myproxy:1080') }}"

- name: use proxies with a dict (as param)
  ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', '...', proxies={'http': 'http://myproxy1', 'https': 'http://myproxy2'}) }}"

- name: use proxies with a dict (as param, pre-defined var)
  vars:
    prox:
      http: http://myproxy1
      https: https://myproxy2
  ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', '...', proxies=prox }}"

- name: use proxies with a dict (as direct ansible var)
  vars:
    ansible_hashi_vault_proxies:
      http: http://myproxy1
      https: https://myproxy2
  ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', '...' }}"

- name: use proxies with a dict (in the term string, JSON syntax)
  ansible.builtin.debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', '... proxies={\"http\":\"http://myproxy1\",\"https\":\"http://myproxy2\"}') }}"

- name: use ansible vars to supply some options
  vars:
    ansible_hashi_vault_url: 'https://myvault:8282'
    ansible_hashi_vault_auth_method: token
  set_fact:
    secret1: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret/data/secret1') }}"
    secret2: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret/data/secret2') }}"

- name: use a custom timeout
  debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret/data/secret1', timeout=120) }}"

- name: use a custom timeout and retry on failure 3 times (with collection retry defaults)
  vars:
    ansible_hashi_vault_timeout: 5
    ansible_hashi_vault_retries: 3
  debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret/data/secret1') }}"

- name: retry on failure (with custom retry settings and no warnings)
  vars:
    ansible_hashi_vault_retries:
      total: 6
      backoff_factor: 0.9
      status_forcelist: [500, 502]
      allowed_methods:
        - GET
        - PUT
  debug:
    msg: "{{ lookup('community.hashi_vault.hashi_vault', 'secret/data/secret1', retry_action='warn') }}"

Return Values

Common return values are documented here, the following are the fields unique to this lookup:

Key

Description

_raw

list / elements=dictionary

secrets(s) requested

Returned: success

Authors

  • Julie Davila (@juliedavila) <julie(at)davila.io>

  • Brian Scholer (@briantist)

Hint

Configuration entries for each entry type have a low to high priority order. For example, a variable that is lower in the list will override a variable that is higher up.