community.libvirt.virt – Manages virtual machines supported by libvirt

Note

This plugin is part of the community.libvirt collection.

To install it use: ansible-galaxy collection install community.libvirt.

To use it in a playbook, specify: community.libvirt.virt.

Synopsis

  • Manages virtual machines supported by libvirt.

Requirements

The below requirements are needed on the host that executes this module.

  • python >= 2.6

  • libvirt-python

Parameters

Parameter Choices/Defaults Comments
autostart
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes
start VM at host startup.
command
string
    Choices:
  • create
  • define
  • destroy
  • freemem
  • get_xml
  • info
  • list_vms
  • nodeinfo
  • pause
  • shutdown
  • start
  • status
  • stop
  • undefine
  • unpause
  • virttype
In addition to state management, various non-idempotent commands are available.
name
string
name of the guest VM being managed. Note that VM must be previously defined with xml.
This option is required unless command is list_vms or info.

aliases: guest
state
string
    Choices:
  • destroyed
  • paused
  • running
  • shutdown
Note that there may be some lag for state requests like shutdown since these refer only to VM states. After starting a guest, it may not be immediately accessible. state and command are mutually exclusive except when command=list_vms. In this case all VMs in specified state will be listed.
uri
string
Default:
"qemu:///system"
libvirt connection uri.
xml
string
XML document used with the define command.
Must be raw XML content using lookup. XML cannot be reference to a file.

Examples

# a playbook task line:
- community.libvirt.virt:
    name: alpha
    state: running

# /usr/bin/ansible invocations
# ansible host -m virt -a "name=alpha command=status"
# ansible host -m virt -a "name=alpha command=get_xml"
# ansible host -m virt -a "name=alpha command=create uri=lxc:///"

# defining and launching an LXC guest
- name: define vm
  community.libvirt.virt:
    command: define
    xml: "{{ lookup('template', 'container-template.xml.j2') }}"
    uri: 'lxc:///'
- name: start vm
  community.libvirt.virt:
    name: foo
    state: running
    uri: 'lxc:///'

# setting autostart on a qemu VM (default uri)
- name: set autostart for a VM
  community.libvirt.virt:
    name: foo
    autostart: yes

# Defining a VM and making is autostart with host. VM will be off after this task
- name: define vm from xml and set autostart
  community.libvirt.virt:
    command: define
    xml: "{{ lookup('template', 'vm_template.xml.j2') }}"
    autostart: yes

# Listing VMs
- name: list all VMs
  community.libvirt.virt:
    command: list_vms
  register: all_vms

- name: list only running VMs
  community.libvirt.virt:
    command: list_vms
    state: running
  register: running_vms

Return Values

Common return values are documented here, the following are the fields unique to this module:

Key Returned Description
list_vms
list / elements=string
success
The list of vms defined on the remote system

Sample:
['build.example.org', 'dev.example.org']
status
string
success
The status of the VM, among running, crashed, paused and shutdown

Sample:
success


Authors

  • Ansible Core Team

  • Michael DeHaan

  • Seth Vidal (@skvidal)