fortinet.fortios.fortios_waf_profile module – Configure Web application firewall configuration in Fortinet’s FortiOS and FortiGate.

Note

This module is part of the fortinet.fortios collection (version 2.1.7).

You might already have this collection installed if you are using the ansible package. It is not included in ansible-core. To check whether it is installed, run ansible-galaxy collection list.

To install it, use: ansible-galaxy collection install fortinet.fortios.

To use it in a playbook, specify: fortinet.fortios.fortios_waf_profile.

New in version 2.0.0: of fortinet.fortios

Synopsis

  • This module is able to configure a FortiGate or FortiOS (FOS) device by allowing the user to set and modify waf feature and profile category. Examples include all parameters and values need to be adjusted to datasources before usage. Tested with FOS v6.0.0

Requirements

The below requirements are needed on the host that executes this module.

  • ansible>=2.9

Parameters

Parameter

Comments

access_token

string

Token-based authentication. Generated from GUI of Fortigate.

enable_log

boolean

Enable/Disable logging for task.

Choices:

  • no ← (default)

  • yes

member_path

string

Member attribute path to operate on.

Delimited by a slash character if there are more than one attribute.

Parameter marked with member_path is legitimate for doing member operation.

member_state

string

Add or delete a member under specified attribute path.

When member_state is specified, the state option is ignored.

Choices:

  • present

  • absent

state

string / required

Indicates whether to create or remove the object.

Choices:

  • present

  • absent

vdom

string

Virtual domain, among those defined previously. A vdom is a virtual instance of the FortiGate that can be configured and used as a different unit.

Default: “root”

waf_profile

dictionary

Configure Web application firewall configuration.

address_list

dictionary

Address block and allow lists.

blocked_address

list / elements=dictionary

Blocked address.

name

string

Address name. Source firewall.address.name firewall.addrgrp.name.

blocked_log

string

Enable/disable logging on blocked addresses.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

severity

string

Severity.

Choices:

  • high

  • medium

  • low

status

string

Status.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

trusted_address

list / elements=dictionary

Trusted address.

name

string

Address name. Source firewall.address.name firewall.addrgrp.name.

comment

string

Comment.

constraint

dictionary

WAF HTTP protocol restrictions.

content_length

dictionary

HTTP content length in request.

action

string

Action.

Choices:

  • allow

  • block

length

integer

Length of HTTP content in bytes (0 to 2147483647).

log

string

Enable/disable logging.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

severity

string

Severity.

Choices:

  • high

  • medium

  • low

status

string

Enable/disable the constraint.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

exception

list / elements=dictionary

HTTP constraint exception.

address

string

Host address. Source firewall.address.name firewall.addrgrp.name.

content_length

string

HTTP content length in request.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

header_length

string

HTTP header length in request.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

hostname

string

Enable/disable hostname check.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

id

integer

Exception ID.

line_length

string

HTTP line length in request.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

malformed

string

Enable/disable malformed HTTP request check.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

string

Maximum number of cookies in HTTP request.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

max_header_line

string

Maximum number of HTTP header line.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

max_range_segment

string

Maximum number of range segments in HTTP range line.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

max_url_param

string

Maximum number of parameters in URL.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

method

string

Enable/disable HTTP method check.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

param_length

string

Maximum length of parameter in URL, HTTP POST request or HTTP body.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

pattern

string

URL pattern.

regex

string

Enable/disable regular expression based pattern match.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

url_param_length

string

Maximum length of parameter in URL.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

version

string

Enable/disable HTTP version check.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

header_length

dictionary

HTTP header length in request.

action

string

Action.

Choices:

  • allow

  • block

length

integer

Length of HTTP header in bytes (0 to 2147483647).

log

string

Enable/disable logging.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

severity

string

Severity.

Choices:

  • high

  • medium

  • low

status

string

Enable/disable the constraint.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

hostname

dictionary

Enable/disable hostname check.

action

string

Action.

Choices:

  • allow

  • block

log

string

Enable/disable logging.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

severity

string

Severity.

Choices:

  • high

  • medium

  • low

status

string

Enable/disable the constraint.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

line_length

dictionary

HTTP line length in request.

action

string

Action.

Choices:

  • allow

  • block

length

integer

Length of HTTP line in bytes (0 to 2147483647).

log

string

Enable/disable logging.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

severity

string

Severity.

Choices:

  • high

  • medium

  • low

status

string

Enable/disable the constraint.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

malformed

dictionary

Enable/disable malformed HTTP request check.

action

string

Action.

Choices:

  • allow

  • block

log

string

Enable/disable logging.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

severity

string

Severity.

Choices:

  • high

  • medium

  • low

status

string

Enable/disable the constraint.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

dictionary

Maximum number of cookies in HTTP request.

string

Action.

Choices:

  • allow

  • block

string

Enable/disable logging.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

integer

Maximum number of cookies in HTTP request (0 to 2147483647).

string

Severity.

Choices:

  • high

  • medium

  • low

string

Enable/disable the constraint.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

max_header_line

dictionary

Maximum number of HTTP header line.

action

string

Action.

Choices:

  • allow

  • block

log

string

Enable/disable logging.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

max_header_line

integer

Maximum number HTTP header lines (0 to 2147483647).

severity

string

Severity.

Choices:

  • high

  • medium

  • low

status

string

Enable/disable the constraint.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

max_range_segment

dictionary

Maximum number of range segments in HTTP range line.

action

string

Action.

Choices:

  • allow

  • block

log

string

Enable/disable logging.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

max_range_segment

integer

Maximum number of range segments in HTTP range line (0 to 2147483647).

severity

string

Severity.

Choices:

  • high

  • medium

  • low

status

string

Enable/disable the constraint.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

max_url_param

dictionary

Maximum number of parameters in URL.

action

string

Action.

Choices:

  • allow

  • block

log

string

Enable/disable logging.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

max_url_param

integer

Maximum number of parameters in URL (0 to 2147483647).

severity

string

Severity.

Choices:

  • high

  • medium

  • low

status

string

Enable/disable the constraint.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

method

dictionary

Enable/disable HTTP method check.

action

string

Action.

Choices:

  • allow

  • block

log

string

Enable/disable logging.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

severity

string

Severity.

Choices:

  • high

  • medium

  • low

status

string

Enable/disable the constraint.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

param_length

dictionary

Maximum length of parameter in URL, HTTP POST request or HTTP body.

action

string

Action.

Choices:

  • allow

  • block

length

integer

Maximum length of parameter in URL, HTTP POST request or HTTP body in bytes (0 to 2147483647).

log

string

Enable/disable logging.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

severity

string

Severity.

Choices:

  • high

  • medium

  • low

status

string

Enable/disable the constraint.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

url_param_length

dictionary

Maximum length of parameter in URL.

action

string

Action.

Choices:

  • allow

  • block

length

integer

Maximum length of URL parameter in bytes (0 to 2147483647).

log

string

Enable/disable logging.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

severity

string

Severity.

Choices:

  • high

  • medium

  • low

status

string

Enable/disable the constraint.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

version

dictionary

Enable/disable HTTP version check.

action

string

Action.

Choices:

  • allow

  • block

log

string

Enable/disable logging.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

severity

string

Severity.

Choices:

  • high

  • medium

  • low

status

string

Enable/disable the constraint.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

extended_log

string

Enable/disable extended logging.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

external

string

Disable/Enable external HTTP Inspection.

Choices:

  • disable

  • enable

method

dictionary

Method restriction.

default_allowed_methods

list / elements=string

Methods.

Choices:

  • get

  • post

  • put

  • head

  • connect

  • trace

  • options

  • delete

  • others

log

string

Enable/disable logging.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

method_policy

list / elements=dictionary

HTTP method policy.

address

string

Host address. Source firewall.address.name firewall.addrgrp.name.

allowed_methods

string

Allowed Methods.

Choices:

  • get

  • post

  • put

  • head

  • connect

  • trace

  • options

  • delete

  • others

id

integer

HTTP method policy ID.

pattern

string

URL pattern.

regex

string

Enable/disable regular expression based pattern match.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

severity

string

Severity.

Choices:

  • high

  • medium

  • low

status

string

Status.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

name

string / required

WAF Profile name.

signature

dictionary

WAF signatures.

credit_card_detection_threshold

integer

The minimum number of Credit cards to detect violation.

custom_signature

list / elements=dictionary

Custom signature.

action

string

Action.

Choices:

  • allow

  • block

  • erase

case_sensitivity

string

Case sensitivity in pattern.

Choices:

  • disable

  • enable

direction

string

Traffic direction.

Choices:

  • request

  • response

log

string

Enable/disable logging.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

name

string

Signature name.

pattern

string

Match pattern.

severity

string

Severity.

Choices:

  • high

  • medium

  • low

status

string

Status.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

target

string

Match HTTP target.

Choices:

  • arg

  • arg-name

  • req-body

  • req-cookie

  • req-cookie-name

  • req-filename

  • req-header

  • req-header-name

  • req-raw-uri

  • req-uri

  • resp-body

  • resp-hdr

  • resp-status

disabled_signature

list / elements=dictionary

Disabled signatures.

id

integer

Signature ID. Source waf.signature.id.

disabled_sub_class

list / elements=dictionary

Disabled signature subclasses.

id

integer

Signature subclass ID. Source waf.sub-class.id.

main_class

list / elements=dictionary

Main signature class.

action

string

Action.

Choices:

  • allow

  • block

  • erase

id

integer

Main signature class ID. Source waf.main-class.id.

log

string

Enable/disable logging.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

severity

string

Severity.

Choices:

  • high

  • medium

  • low

status

string

Status.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

url_access

list / elements=dictionary

URL access list.

access_pattern

list / elements=dictionary

URL access pattern.

id

integer

URL access pattern ID.

negate

string

Enable/disable match negation.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

pattern

string

URL pattern.

regex

string

Enable/disable regular expression based pattern match.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

srcaddr

string

Source address. Source firewall.address.name firewall.addrgrp.name.

action

string

Action.

Choices:

  • bypass

  • permit

  • block

address

string

Host address. Source firewall.address.name firewall.addrgrp.name.

id

integer

URL access ID.

log

string

Enable/disable logging.

Choices:

  • enable

  • disable

severity

string

Severity.

Choices:

  • high

  • medium

  • low

Notes

Note

  • Legacy fortiosapi has been deprecated, httpapi is the preferred way to run playbooks

Examples

- hosts: fortigates
  collections:
    - fortinet.fortios
  connection: httpapi
  vars:
   vdom: "root"
   ansible_httpapi_use_ssl: yes
   ansible_httpapi_validate_certs: no
   ansible_httpapi_port: 443
  tasks:
  - name: Configure Web application firewall configuration.
    fortios_waf_profile:
      vdom:  "{{ vdom }}"
      state: "present"
      access_token: "<your_own_value>"
      waf_profile:
        address_list:
            blocked_address:
             -
                name: "default_name_5 (source firewall.address.name firewall.addrgrp.name)"
            blocked_log: "enable"
            severity: "high"
            status: "enable"
            trusted_address:
             -
                name: "default_name_10 (source firewall.address.name firewall.addrgrp.name)"
        comment: "Comment."
        constraint:
            content_length:
                action: "allow"
                length: "15"
                log: "enable"
                severity: "high"
                status: "enable"
            exception:
             -
                address: "<your_own_value> (source firewall.address.name firewall.addrgrp.name)"
                content_length: "enable"
                header_length: "enable"
                hostname: "enable"
                id:  "24"
                line_length: "enable"
                malformed: "enable"
                max_cookie: "enable"
                max_header_line: "enable"
                max_range_segment: "enable"
                max_url_param: "enable"
                method: "enable"
                param_length: "enable"
                pattern: "<your_own_value>"
                regex: "enable"
                url_param_length: "enable"
                version: "enable"
            header_length:
                action: "allow"
                length: "39"
                log: "enable"
                severity: "high"
                status: "enable"
            hostname:
                action: "allow"
                log: "enable"
                severity: "high"
                status: "enable"
            line_length:
                action: "allow"
                length: "50"
                log: "enable"
                severity: "high"
                status: "enable"
            malformed:
                action: "allow"
                log: "enable"
                severity: "high"
                status: "enable"
            max_cookie:
                action: "allow"
                log: "enable"
                max_cookie: "62"
                severity: "high"
                status: "enable"
            max_header_line:
                action: "allow"
                log: "enable"
                max_header_line: "68"
                severity: "high"
                status: "enable"
            max_range_segment:
                action: "allow"
                log: "enable"
                max_range_segment: "74"
                severity: "high"
                status: "enable"
            max_url_param:
                action: "allow"
                log: "enable"
                max_url_param: "80"
                severity: "high"
                status: "enable"
            method:
                action: "allow"
                log: "enable"
                severity: "high"
                status: "enable"
            param_length:
                action: "allow"
                length: "90"
                log: "enable"
                severity: "high"
                status: "enable"
            url_param_length:
                action: "allow"
                length: "96"
                log: "enable"
                severity: "high"
                status: "enable"
            version:
                action: "allow"
                log: "enable"
                severity: "high"
                status: "enable"
        extended_log: "enable"
        external: "disable"
        method:
            default_allowed_methods: "get"
            log: "enable"
            method_policy:
             -
                address: "<your_own_value> (source firewall.address.name firewall.addrgrp.name)"
                allowed_methods: "get"
                id:  "113"
                pattern: "<your_own_value>"
                regex: "enable"
            severity: "high"
            status: "enable"
        name: "default_name_118"
        signature:
            credit_card_detection_threshold: "120"
            custom_signature:
             -
                action: "allow"
                case_sensitivity: "disable"
                direction: "request"
                log: "enable"
                name: "default_name_126"
                pattern: "<your_own_value>"
                severity: "high"
                status: "enable"
                target: "arg"
            disabled_signature:
             -
                id:  "132 (source waf.signature.id)"
            disabled_sub_class:
             -
                id:  "134 (source waf.sub-class.id)"
            main_class:
             -
                action: "allow"
                id:  "137 (source waf.main-class.id)"
                log: "enable"
                severity: "high"
                status: "enable"
        url_access:
         -
            access_pattern:
             -
                id:  "143"
                negate: "enable"
                pattern: "<your_own_value>"
                regex: "enable"
                srcaddr: "<your_own_value> (source firewall.address.name firewall.addrgrp.name)"
            action: "bypass"
            address: "<your_own_value> (source firewall.address.name firewall.addrgrp.name)"
            id:  "150"
            log: "enable"
            severity: "high"

Return Values

Common return values are documented here, the following are the fields unique to this module:

Key

Description

build

string

Build number of the fortigate image

Returned: always

Sample: “1547”

http_method

string

Last method used to provision the content into FortiGate

Returned: always

Sample: “PUT”

http_status

string

Last result given by FortiGate on last operation applied

Returned: always

Sample: “200”

mkey

string

Master key (id) used in the last call to FortiGate

Returned: success

Sample: “id”

name

string

Name of the table used to fulfill the request

Returned: always

Sample: “urlfilter”

path

string

Path of the table used to fulfill the request

Returned: always

Sample: “webfilter”

revision

string

Internal revision number

Returned: always

Sample: “17.0.2.10658”

serial

string

Serial number of the unit

Returned: always

Sample: “FGVMEVYYQT3AB5352”

status

string

Indication of the operation’s result

Returned: always

Sample: “success”

vdom

string

Virtual domain used

Returned: always

Sample: “root”

version

string

Version of the FortiGate

Returned: always

Sample: “v5.6.3”

Authors

  • Link Zheng (@chillancezen)

  • Jie Xue (@JieX19)

  • Hongbin Lu (@fgtdev-hblu)

  • Frank Shen (@frankshen01)

  • Miguel Angel Munoz (@mamunozgonzalez)

  • Nicolas Thomas (@thomnico)