google.cloud.gcp_compute_route – Creates a GCP Route

Note

This plugin is part of the google.cloud collection.

To install it use: ansible-galaxy collection install google.cloud.

To use it in a playbook, specify: google.cloud.gcp_compute_route.

Synopsis

  • Represents a Route resource.

  • A route is a rule that specifies how certain packets should be handled by the virtual network. Routes are associated with virtual machines by tag, and the set of routes for a particular virtual machine is called its routing table. For each packet leaving a virtual machine, the system searches that virtual machine’s routing table for a single best matching route.

  • Routes match packets by destination IP address, preferring smaller or more specific ranges over larger ones. If there is a tie, the system selects the route with the smallest priority value. If there is still a tie, it uses the layer three and four packet headers to select just one of the remaining matching routes. The packet is then forwarded as specified by the next_hop field of the winning route – either to another virtual machine destination, a virtual machine gateway or a Compute Engine-operated gateway. Packets that do not match any route in the sending virtual machine’s routing table will be dropped.

  • A Route resource must have exactly one specification of either nextHopGateway, nextHopInstance, nextHopIp, nextHopVpnTunnel, or nextHopIlb.

Requirements

The below requirements are needed on the host that executes this module.

  • python >= 2.6

  • requests >= 2.18.4

  • google-auth >= 1.3.0

Parameters

Parameter Choices/Defaults Comments
auth_kind
string / required
    Choices:
  • application
  • machineaccount
  • serviceaccount
The type of credential used.
description
string
An optional description of this resource. Provide this property when you create the resource.
dest_range
string / required
The destination range of outgoing packets that this route applies to.
Only IPv4 is supported.
env_type
string
Specifies which Ansible environment you're running this module within.
This should not be set unless you know what you're doing.
This only alters the User Agent string for any API requests.
name
string / required
Name of the resource. Provided by the client when the resource is created. The name must be 1-63 characters long, and comply with RFC1035. Specifically, the name must be 1-63 characters long and match the regular expression `[a-z]([-a-z0-9]*[a-z0-9])?` which means the first character must be a lowercase letter, and all following characters must be a dash, lowercase letter, or digit, except the last character, which cannot be a dash.
network
dictionary / required
The network that this route applies to.
This field represents a link to a Network resource in GCP. It can be specified in two ways. First, you can place a dictionary with key 'selfLink' and value of your resource's selfLink Alternatively, you can add `register: name-of-resource` to a gcp_compute_network task and then set this network field to "{{ name-of-resource }}"
next_hop_gateway
string
URL to a gateway that should handle matching packets.
Currently, you can only specify the internet gateway, using a full or partial valid URL: * https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/project/global/gateways/default-internet-gateway * projects/project/global/gateways/default-internet-gateway * global/gateways/default-internet-gateway .
next_hop_ilb
dictionary
The URL to a forwarding rule of type loadBalancingScheme=INTERNAL that should handle matching packets.
You can only specify the forwarding rule as a partial or full URL. For example, the following are all valid URLs: https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/project/regions/region/forwardingRules/forwardingRule regions/region/forwardingRules/forwardingRule Note that this can only be used when the destinationRange is a public (non-RFC 1918) IP CIDR range.
This field represents a link to a ForwardingRule resource in GCP. It can be specified in two ways. First, you can place a dictionary with key 'selfLink' and value of your resource's selfLink Alternatively, you can add `register: name-of-resource` to a gcp_compute_forwarding_rule task and then set this next_hop_ilb field to "{{ name-of-resource }}"
next_hop_instance
dictionary
URL to an instance that should handle matching packets.
You can specify this as a full or partial URL. For example: * https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/project/zones/zone/ instances/instance * projects/project/zones/zone/instances/instance * zones/zone/instances/instance .
This field represents a link to a Instance resource in GCP. It can be specified in two ways. First, you can place a dictionary with key 'selfLink' and value of your resource's selfLink Alternatively, you can add `register: name-of-resource` to a gcp_compute_instance task and then set this next_hop_instance field to "{{ name-of-resource }}"
next_hop_ip
string
Network IP address of an instance that should handle matching packets.
next_hop_vpn_tunnel
dictionary
URL to a VpnTunnel that should handle matching packets.
This field represents a link to a VpnTunnel resource in GCP. It can be specified in two ways. First, you can place a dictionary with key 'selfLink' and value of your resource's selfLink Alternatively, you can add `register: name-of-resource` to a gcp_compute_vpn_tunnel task and then set this next_hop_vpn_tunnel field to "{{ name-of-resource }}"
priority
integer
The priority of this route. Priority is used to break ties in cases where there is more than one matching route of equal prefix length.
In the case of two routes with equal prefix length, the one with the lowest-numbered priority value wins.
Default value is 1000. Valid range is 0 through 65535.
project
string
The Google Cloud Platform project to use.
scopes
list / elements=string
Array of scopes to be used
service_account_contents
jsonarg
The contents of a Service Account JSON file, either in a dictionary or as a JSON string that represents it.
service_account_email
string
An optional service account email address if machineaccount is selected and the user does not wish to use the default email.
service_account_file
path
The path of a Service Account JSON file if serviceaccount is selected as type.
state
string
    Choices:
  • present ←
  • absent
Whether the given object should exist in GCP
tags
list / elements=string
A list of instance tags to which this route applies.

Notes

Note

  • API Reference: https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/reference/rest/v1/routes

  • Using Routes: https://cloud.google.com/vpc/docs/using-routes

  • for authentication, you can set service_account_file using the gcp_service_account_file env variable.

  • for authentication, you can set service_account_contents using the GCP_SERVICE_ACCOUNT_CONTENTS env variable.

  • For authentication, you can set service_account_email using the GCP_SERVICE_ACCOUNT_EMAIL env variable.

  • For authentication, you can set auth_kind using the GCP_AUTH_KIND env variable.

  • For authentication, you can set scopes using the GCP_SCOPES env variable.

  • Environment variables values will only be used if the playbook values are not set.

  • The service_account_email and service_account_file options are mutually exclusive.

Examples

- name: create a network
  google.cloud.gcp_compute_network:
    name: network-route
    project: "{{ gcp_project }}"
    auth_kind: "{{ gcp_cred_kind }}"
    service_account_file: "{{ gcp_cred_file }}"
    state: present
  register: network

- name: create a route
  google.cloud.gcp_compute_route:
    name: test_object
    dest_range: 192.168.6.0/24
    next_hop_gateway: global/gateways/default-internet-gateway
    network: "{{ network }}"
    tags:
    - backends
    - databases
    project: test_project
    auth_kind: serviceaccount
    service_account_file: "/tmp/auth.pem"
    state: present

Return Values

Common return values are documented here, the following are the fields unique to this module:

Key Returned Description
description
string
success
An optional description of this resource. Provide this property when you create the resource.

destRange
string
success
The destination range of outgoing packets that this route applies to.
Only IPv4 is supported.

name
string
success
Name of the resource. Provided by the client when the resource is created. The name must be 1-63 characters long, and comply with RFC1035. Specifically, the name must be 1-63 characters long and match the regular expression `[a-z]([-a-z0-9]*[a-z0-9])?` which means the first character must be a lowercase letter, and all following characters must be a dash, lowercase letter, or digit, except the last character, which cannot be a dash.

network
dictionary
success
The network that this route applies to.

nextHopGateway
string
success
URL to a gateway that should handle matching packets.
Currently, you can only specify the internet gateway, using a full or partial valid URL: * https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/project/global/gateways/default-internet-gateway * projects/project/global/gateways/default-internet-gateway * global/gateways/default-internet-gateway .

nextHopIlb
dictionary
success
The URL to a forwarding rule of type loadBalancingScheme=INTERNAL that should handle matching packets.
You can only specify the forwarding rule as a partial or full URL. For example, the following are all valid URLs: https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/project/regions/region/forwardingRules/forwardingRule regions/region/forwardingRules/forwardingRule Note that this can only be used when the destinationRange is a public (non-RFC 1918) IP CIDR range.

nextHopInstance
dictionary
success
URL to an instance that should handle matching packets.
You can specify this as a full or partial URL. For example: * https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/project/zones/zone/ instances/instance * projects/project/zones/zone/instances/instance * zones/zone/instances/instance .

nextHopIp
string
success
Network IP address of an instance that should handle matching packets.

nextHopNetwork
string
success
URL to a Network that should handle matching packets.

nextHopVpnTunnel
dictionary
success
URL to a VpnTunnel that should handle matching packets.

priority
integer
success
The priority of this route. Priority is used to break ties in cases where there is more than one matching route of equal prefix length.
In the case of two routes with equal prefix length, the one with the lowest-numbered priority value wins.
Default value is 1000. Valid range is 0 through 65535.

tags
list / elements=string
success
A list of instance tags to which this route applies.



Authors

  • Google Inc. (@googlecloudplatform)