vmware.vmware_rest.vcenter_vm_guest_customization module – Applies a customization specification on the virtual machine

Note

This module is part of the vmware.vmware_rest collection (version 2.1.5).

You might already have this collection installed if you are using the ansible package. It is not included in ansible-core. To check whether it is installed, run ansible-galaxy collection list.

To install it, use: ansible-galaxy collection install vmware.vmware_rest.

To use it in a playbook, specify: vmware.vmware_rest.vcenter_vm_guest_customization.

New in version 0.1.0: of vmware.vmware_rest

Synopsis

  • Applies a customization specification on the virtual machine in {@param.name vm}. The actual customization happens inside the guest when the virtual machine is powered on. If there is a pending customization for the virtual machine and a new one is set, then the existing customization setting will be overwritten with the new settings.

Requirements

The below requirements are needed on the host that executes this module.

  • vSphere 7.0.2 or greater

  • python >= 3.6

  • aiohttp

Parameters

Parameter

Comments

configuration_spec

dictionary / required

Settings to be applied to the guest during the customization. This parameter is mandatory.

Valid attributes are:

  • windows_config (dict): Guest customization specification for a Windows guest operating system ([‘set’])

    • Accepted keys:

      • reboot (string): The reboot_option specifies what should be done to the guest after the customization.

Accepted value for this field:

  • NO_REBOOT

  • REBOOT

  • SHUTDOWN

  • linux_config (dict): Guest customization specification for a linux guest operating system ([‘set’])

    • Accepted keys:

      • hostname (object): The computer name of the (Windows) virtual machine. A computer name may contain letters (A-Z), numbers(0-9) and hyphens (-) but no spaces or periods (.). The name may not consist entirely of digits. A computer name is restricted to 15 characters in length. If the computer name is longer than 15 characters, it will be truncated to 15 characters. Check {@link HostnameGenerator} for various options.

      • domain (string): The fully qualified domain name.

      • time_zone (string): The case-sensitive time zone, such as Europe/Sofia. Valid time zone values are based on the tz (time zone) database used by Linux. The values are strings in the form “Area/Location,” in which Area is a continent or ocean name, and Location is the city, island, or other regional designation. See the https://kb.vmware.com/kb/2145518 for a list of supported time zones for different versions in Linux.

      • script_text (string): The script to run before and after Linux guest customization.<br> The max size of the script is 1500 bytes. As long as the script (shell, perl, python…) has the right “#!” in the header, it is supported. The caller should not assume any environment variables when the script is run. The script is invoked by the customization engine using the command line: 1) with argument “precustomization” before customization, 2) with argument “postcustomization” after customization. The script should parse this argument and implement pre-customization or post-customization task code details in the corresponding block. A Linux shell script example: <code> #!/bin/sh<br> if [ x$1 == x”precustomization” ]; then<br> echo “Do Precustomization tasks”<br> #code for pre-customization actions…<br> elif [ x$1 == x”postcustomization” ]; then<br> echo “Do Postcustomization tasks”<br> #code for post-customization actions…<br> fi<br> </code>

global_DNS_settings

dictionary / required

Global DNS settings constitute the DNS settings that are not specific to a particular virtual network adapter. This parameter is mandatory.

Valid attributes are:

  • dns_suffix_list (list): List of name resolution suffixes for the virtual network adapter. This list applies to both Windows and Linux guest customization. For Linux, this setting is global, whereas in Windows, this setting is listed on a per-adapter basis. ([‘set’])

  • dns_servers (list): List of DNS servers, for a virtual network adapter with a static IP address. If this list is empty, then the guest operating system is expected to use a DHCP server to get its DNS server settings. These settings configure the virtual machine to use the specified DNS servers. These DNS server settings are listed in the order of preference. ([‘set’])

interfaces

list / elements=dictionary / required

IP settings that are specific to a particular virtual network adapter. The {@link AdapterMapping} {@term structure} maps a network adapter’s MAC address to its {@link IPSettings}. May be empty if there are no network adapters, else should match number of network adapters configured for the VM. This parameter is mandatory.

Valid attributes are:

  • mac_address (str): The MAC address of a network adapter being customized. ([‘set’])

  • adapter (dict): The IP settings for the associated virtual network adapter. ([‘set’])

    This key is required with [‘set’].

    • Accepted keys:

      • ipv4 (object): Specification to configure IPv4 address, subnet mask and gateway info for this virtual network adapter.

      • ipv6 (object): Specification to configure IPv6 address, subnet mask and gateway info for this virtual network adapter.

      • windows (object): Windows settings to be configured for this specific virtual Network adapter. This is valid only for Windows guest operating systems.

session_timeout

float

added in 2.1.0 of vmware.vmware_rest

Timeout settings for client session.

The maximal number of seconds for the whole operation including connection establishment, request sending and response.

The default value is 300s.

vcenter_hostname

string / required

The hostname or IP address of the vSphere vCenter

If the value is not specified in the task, the value of environment variable VMWARE_HOST will be used instead.

vcenter_password

string / required

The vSphere vCenter password

If the value is not specified in the task, the value of environment variable VMWARE_PASSWORD will be used instead.

vcenter_rest_log_file

string

You can use this optional parameter to set the location of a log file.

This file will be used to record the HTTP REST interaction.

The file will be stored on the host that run the module.

If the value is not specified in the task, the value of

environment variable VMWARE_REST_LOG_FILE will be used instead.

vcenter_username

string / required

The vSphere vCenter username

If the value is not specified in the task, the value of environment variable VMWARE_USER will be used instead.

vcenter_validate_certs

boolean

Allows connection when SSL certificates are not valid. Set to false when certificates are not trusted.

If the value is not specified in the task, the value of environment variable VMWARE_VALIDATE_CERTS will be used instead.

Choices:

  • no

  • yes ← (default)

vm

string / required

The unique identifier of the virtual machine that needs to be customized. This parameter is mandatory.

Notes

Note

  • Tested on vSphere 7.0.2

Examples

- name: Customize the VM
  vmware.vmware_rest.vcenter_vm_guest_customization:
    vm: "{{ lookup('vmware.vmware_rest.vm_moid', '/my_dc/vm/test_vm1') }}"
    configuration_spec:
      linux_config:
        domain: mydomain
        hostname:
          fixed_name: foobar
          type: FIXED
    interfaces:
    - adapter:
        ipv4:
          type: STATIC
          gateways:
          - 192.168.123.1
          ip_address: 192.168.123.50
          prefix: 24
    global_DNS_settings:
      dns_suffix_list: []
      dns_servers:
      - 1.1.1.1

Return Values

Common return values are documented here, the following are the fields unique to this module:

Key

Description

value

dictionary

Customize the VM

Returned: On success

Sample: {}

Authors

  • Ansible Cloud Team (@ansible-collections)