Creating collections

To create a collection:

  1. Create a new collection, optionally using a custom collection template, with the ansible-galaxy collection init command.

  2. Add modules and other content to the collection.

  3. Build the collection into a collection artifact with ansible-galaxy collection build.

  4. Publish the collection artifact to Galaxy with ansible-galaxy collection publish.

A user can then install your collection on their systems.

Naming your collection

Collection names consist of a namespace and a name, separated by a period (.). Both namespace and name should be valid Python identifiers. This means that they should consist of ASCII letters, digits, and underscores.


Usually namespaces and names use lower-case letters, digits, and underscores, but no upper-case letters.

You should make sure that the namespace you use is not registered by someone else by checking on Ansible Galaxy’s namespace list. If you chose a namespace or even a full collection name that collides with another collection on Galaxy, it can happen that if you or someone else runs ansible-galaxy collection install with your collection name, you end up with another collection. Even if the namespace currently does not exist, it could be created later by someone else.

If you want to request a new namespace on Ansible Galaxy, create an issue on

There are a few special namespaces:


The ansible namespace is owned by Red Hat and reserved for official Ansible collections. Two special members are the synthetic ansible.builtin and ansible.legacy collections. These cannot be found on Ansible Galaxy, but are built-in into ansible-core.


The community namespace is owned by the Ansible community. Collections from this namespace generally live in the GitHub ansible-collection organization. If you want to create a collection in this namespace, request it on the forum.


The local namespace does not contain any collection on Ansible Galaxy, and the intention is that this will never change. You can use the local namespace for collections that are locally on your machine or locally in your git repositories, without having to fear collisions with actually existing collections on Ansible Galaxy.

Creating a new collection

Create your collection skeleton in a path that includes ansible_collections, for example collections/ansible_collections/.

To start a new collection, run the following command in your collections directory:

ansible_collections#> ansible-galaxy collection init my_namespace.my_collection


Both the namespace and collection names use the same strict set of requirements. See Galaxy namespaces on the Galaxy docsite for those requirements.

It will create the structure [my_namespace]/[my_collection]/[collection skeleton].


If Git is used for version control, the corresponding repository should be initialized in the collection directory.

Once the collection exists, you can populate the directories with the content you want inside the collection. See ansible-collections GitHub Org to get a better idea of what you can place inside a collection.

Reference: the ansible-galaxy collection command

Currently the ansible-galaxy collection command implements the following sub commands:

  • init: Create a basic collection based on the default template included with Ansible or your own template.

  • build: Create a collection artifact that can be uploaded to Galaxy or your own repository.

  • publish: Publish a built collection artifact to Galaxy.

  • install: Install one or more collections.

To learn more about the ansible-galaxy command-line tool, see the ansible-galaxy man page.

Creating a collection from a custom template

The built-in collection template is a simple example of a collection that works with ansible-core, but if you want to simplify your development process you may want to create a custom collection template to pass to ansible-galaxy collection init.

A collection skeleton is a directory that looks like a collection directory but any .j2 files (excluding those in templates/ and roles/*/templates/) will be templated by ansible-galaxy collection init. The skeleton’s galaxy.yml.j2 file should use the variables namespace and collection_name which are derived from ansible-galaxy init namespace.collection_name, and will populate the metadata in the initialized collection’s galaxy.yml file. There are a few additional variables available by default (for example, version is 1.0.0), and these can be supplemented/overridden using --extra-vars.

An example galaxy.yml.j2 file that accepts an optional dictionary variable dependencies could look like this:

namespace: {{ namespace }}
name: {{ collection_name }}
version: "{{ (version|quote) is version("0.0.0", operator="gt", version_type="semver")|ternary(version, undef("version must be a valid semantic version greater than 0.0.0")) }}"
dependencies: {{ dependencies|default({}, true) }}

To initialize a collection using the new template, pass the path to the skeleton with ansible-galaxy collection init:

ansible_collections#> ansible-galaxy collection init --collection-skeleton /path/to/my/namespace/skeleton --extra-vars "@my_vars_file.json" my_namespace.my_collection


Before ansible-core 2.17, collection skeleton templating is limited to the few hardcoded variables including namespace, collection_name, and version.


The default collection skeleton uses an internal filter comment_ify that isn’t accessibly to --collection-skeleton. Use ansible-doc -t filter|test --list to see available plugins.

Creating collections with ansible-creator

ansible-creator is designed to quickly scaffold an Ansible collection project.


The Ansible Development Tools package offers a convenient way to install ansible-creator along with a curated set of tools for developing automation content.

After installing ansible-creator you can initialize a project in one of the following ways:

See also

Using Ansible collections

Learn how to install and use collections.

Collection structure

Directories and files included in the collection skeleton

Ansible Development Tools (ADT)

Python package of tools to create and test Ansible content.

Mailing List

The development mailing list

Real-time chat

How to join Ansible chat channels