Interactive input: prompts

If you want your playbook to prompt the user for certain input, add a ‘vars_prompt’ section. Prompting the user for variables lets you avoid recording sensitive data like passwords. In addition to security, prompts support flexibility. For example, if you use one playbook across multiple software releases, you could prompt for the particular release version.

Here is a most basic example:

---
- hosts: all
  vars_prompt:

    - name: username
      prompt: "What is your username?"
      private: no

    - name: password
      prompt: "What is your password?"

  tasks:

    - debug:
        msg: 'Logging in as {{ username }}'

The user input is hidden by default but it can be made visible by setting private: no.

Note

Prompts for individual vars_prompt variables will be skipped for any variable that is already defined through the command line --extra-vars option, or when running from a non-interactive session (such as cron or Ansible Tower). See Passing variables on the command line.

If you have a variable that changes infrequently, you can provide a default value that can be overridden:

vars_prompt:

  - name: "release_version"
    prompt: "Product release version"
    default: "1.0"

Encrypting values supplied by vars_prompt

You can encrypt the entered value so you can use it, for instance, with the user module to define a password:

vars_prompt:

  - name: "my_password2"
    prompt: "Enter password2"
    private: yes
    encrypt: "sha512_crypt"
    confirm: yes
    salt_size: 7

If you have Passlib installed, you can use any crypt scheme the library supports:

  • des_crypt - DES Crypt
  • bsdi_crypt - BSDi Crypt
  • bigcrypt - BigCrypt
  • crypt16 - Crypt16
  • md5_crypt - MD5 Crypt
  • bcrypt - BCrypt
  • sha1_crypt - SHA-1 Crypt
  • sun_md5_crypt - Sun MD5 Crypt
  • sha256_crypt - SHA-256 Crypt
  • sha512_crypt - SHA-512 Crypt
  • apr_md5_crypt - Apache’s MD5-Crypt variant
  • phpass - PHPass’ Portable Hash
  • pbkdf2_digest - Generic PBKDF2 Hashes
  • cta_pbkdf2_sha1 - Cryptacular’s PBKDF2 hash
  • dlitz_pbkdf2_sha1 - Dwayne Litzenberger’s PBKDF2 hash
  • scram - SCRAM Hash
  • bsd_nthash - FreeBSD’s MCF-compatible nthash encoding

The only parameters accepted are ‘salt’ or ‘salt_size’. You can use your own salt by defining ‘salt’, or have one generated automatically using ‘salt_size’. By default Ansible generates a salt of size 8.

New in version 2.7.

If you do not have Passlib installed, Ansible uses the crypt library as a fallback. Ansible supports at most four crypt schemes, depending on your platform at most the following crypt schemes are supported:

  • bcrypt - BCrypt
  • md5_crypt - MD5 Crypt
  • sha256_crypt - SHA-256 Crypt
  • sha512_crypt - SHA-512 Crypt

New in version 2.8.

Allowing special characters in vars_prompt values

Some special characters, such as { and % can create templating errors. If you need to accept special characters, use the unsafe option:

vars_prompt:
  - name: "my_password_with_weird_chars"
    prompt: "Enter password"
    unsafe: yes
    private: yes

See also

Intro to Playbooks
An introduction to playbooks
Conditionals
Conditional statements in playbooks
Using Variables
All about variables
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