Tests

Tests in Jinja are a way of evaluating template expressions and returning True or False. Jinja ships with many of these. See builtin tests in the official Jinja template documentation.

The main difference between tests and filters are that Jinja tests are used for comparisons, whereas filters are used for data manipulation, and have different applications in jinja. Tests can also be used in list processing filters, like map() and select() to choose items in the list.

Like all templating, tests always execute on the Ansible controller, not on the target of a task, as they test local data.

In addition to those Jinja2 tests, Ansible supplies a few more and users can easily create their own.

Test syntax

Test syntax varies from filter syntax (variable | filter). Historically Ansible has registered tests as both jinja tests and jinja filters, allowing for them to be referenced using filter syntax.

As of Ansible 2.5, using a jinja test as a filter will generate a warning.

The syntax for using a jinja test is as follows

variable is test_name

Such as

result is failed

Testing strings

To match strings against a substring or a regular expression, use the match, search or regex tests

vars:
  url: "https://example.com/users/foo/resources/bar"

tasks:
    - debug:
        msg: "matched pattern 1"
      when: url is match("https://example.com/users/.*/resources")

    - debug:
        msg: "matched pattern 2"
      when: url is search("users/.*/resources/.*")

    - debug:
        msg: "matched pattern 3"
      when: url is search("users")

    - debug:
        msg: "matched pattern 4"
      when: url is regex("example\.com/\w+/foo")

match succeeds if it finds the pattern at the beginning of the string, while search succeeds if it finds the pattern anywhere within string. By default, regex works like search, but regex can be configured to perform other tests as well, by passing the match_type keyword argument. In particular, match_type determines the re method that gets used to perform the search. The full list can be found in the relevant Python documentation here.

All of the string tests also take optional ignorecase and multiline arguments. These correspond to re.I and re.M from Python’s re library, respectively.

Vault

New in version 2.10.

You can test whether a variable is an inline single vault encrypted value using the vault_encrypted test.

vars:
  variable: !vault |
    $ANSIBLE_VAULT;1.2;AES256;dev
    61323931353866666336306139373937316366366138656131323863373866376666353364373761
    3539633234313836346435323766306164626134376564330a373530313635343535343133316133
    36643666306434616266376434363239346433643238336464643566386135356334303736353136
    6565633133366366360a326566323363363936613664616364623437336130623133343530333739
    3039

tasks:
  - debug:
      msg: '{{ (variable is vault_encrypted) | ternary("Vault encrypted", "Not vault encrypted") }}'

Testing truthiness

New in version 2.10.

As of Ansible 2.10, you can now perform Python like truthy and falsy checks.

- debug:
    msg: "Truthy"
  when: value is truthy
  vars:
    value: "some string"

- debug:
    msg: "Falsy"
  when: value is falsy
  vars:
    value: ""

Additionally, the truthy and falsy tests accept an optional parameter called convert_bool that will attempt to convert boolean indicators to actual booleans.

- debug:
    msg: "Truthy"
  when: value is truthy(convert_bool=True)
  vars:
    value: "yes"

- debug:
    msg: "Falsy"
  when: value is falsy(convert_bool=True)
  vars:
    value: "off"

Comparing versions

New in version 1.6.

Note

In 2.5 version_compare was renamed to version

To compare a version number, such as checking if the ansible_facts['distribution_version'] version is greater than or equal to ‘12.04’, you can use the version test.

The version test can also be used to evaluate the ansible_facts['distribution_version']

{{ ansible_facts['distribution_version'] is version('12.04', '>=') }}

If ansible_facts['distribution_version'] is greater than or equal to 12.04, this test returns True, otherwise False.

The version test accepts the following operators

<, lt, <=, le, >, gt, >=, ge, ==, =, eq, !=, <>, ne

This test also accepts a 3rd parameter, strict which defines if strict version parsing as defined by distutils.version.StrictVersion should be used. The default is False (using distutils.version.LooseVersion), True enables strict version parsing

{{ sample_version_var is version('1.0', operator='lt', strict=True) }}

As of Ansible 2.11 the version test accepts a version_type parameter which is mutually exclusive with strict, and accepts the following values

loose, strict, semver, semantic

Using version_type to compare a semantic version would be achieved like the following

{{ sample_semver_var is version('2.0.0-rc.1+build.123', 'lt', version_type='semver') }}

When using version in a playbook or role, don’t use {{ }} as described in the FAQ

vars:
    my_version: 1.2.3

tasks:
    - debug:
        msg: "my_version is higher than 1.0.0"
      when: my_version is version('1.0.0', '>')

Set theory tests

New in version 2.1.

Note

In 2.5 issubset and issuperset were renamed to subset and superset

To see if a list includes or is included by another list, you can use ‘subset’ and ‘superset’

vars:
    a: [1,2,3,4,5]
    b: [2,3]
tasks:
    - debug:
        msg: "A includes B"
      when: a is superset(b)

    - debug:
        msg: "B is included in A"
      when: b is subset(a)

Testing if a list contains a value

New in version 2.8.

Ansible includes a contains test which operates similarly, but in reverse of the Jinja2 provided in test. The contains test is designed to work with the select, reject, selectattr, and rejectattr filters

vars:
  lacp_groups:
    - master: lacp0
      network: 10.65.100.0/24
      gateway: 10.65.100.1
      dns4:
        - 10.65.100.10
        - 10.65.100.11
      interfaces:
        - em1
        - em2

    - master: lacp1
      network: 10.65.120.0/24
      gateway: 10.65.120.1
      dns4:
        - 10.65.100.10
        - 10.65.100.11
      interfaces:
          - em3
          - em4

tasks:
  - debug:
      msg: "{{ (lacp_groups|selectattr('interfaces', 'contains', 'em1')|first).master }}"

Testing if a list value is True

New in version 2.4.

You can use any and all to check if any or all elements in a list are true or not

vars:
  mylist:
      - 1
      - "{{ 3 == 3 }}"
      - True
  myotherlist:
      - False
      - True
tasks:

  - debug:
      msg: "all are true!"
    when: mylist is all

  - debug:
      msg: "at least one is true"
    when: myotherlist is any

Testing paths

Note

In 2.5 the following tests were renamed to remove the is_ prefix

The following tests can provide information about a path on the controller

- debug:
    msg: "path is a directory"
  when: mypath is directory

- debug:
    msg: "path is a file"
  when: mypath is file

- debug:
    msg: "path is a symlink"
  when: mypath is link

- debug:
    msg: "path already exists"
  when: mypath is exists

- debug:
    msg: "path is {{ (mypath is abs)|ternary('absolute','relative')}}"

- debug:
    msg: "path is the same file as path2"
  when: mypath is same_file(path2)

- debug:
    msg: "path is a mount"
  when: mypath is mount

Testing size formats

The human_readable and human_to_bytes functions let you test your playbooks to make sure you are using the right size format in your tasks, and that you provide Byte format to computers and human-readable format to people.

Human readable

Asserts whether the given string is human readable or not.

For example

- name: "Human Readable"
  assert:
    that:
      - '"1.00 Bytes" == 1|human_readable'
      - '"1.00 bits" == 1|human_readable(isbits=True)'
      - '"10.00 KB" == 10240|human_readable'
      - '"97.66 MB" == 102400000|human_readable'
      - '"0.10 GB" == 102400000|human_readable(unit="G")'
      - '"0.10 Gb" == 102400000|human_readable(isbits=True, unit="G")'

This would result in

{ "changed": false, "msg": "All assertions passed" }

Human to bytes

Returns the given string in the Bytes format.

For example

- name: "Human to Bytes"
  assert:
    that:
      - "{{'0'|human_to_bytes}}        == 0"
      - "{{'0.1'|human_to_bytes}}      == 0"
      - "{{'0.9'|human_to_bytes}}      == 1"
      - "{{'1'|human_to_bytes}}        == 1"
      - "{{'10.00 KB'|human_to_bytes}} == 10240"
      - "{{   '11 MB'|human_to_bytes}} == 11534336"
      - "{{  '1.1 GB'|human_to_bytes}} == 1181116006"
      - "{{'10.00 Kb'|human_to_bytes(isbits=True)}} == 10240"

This would result in

{ "changed": false, "msg": "All assertions passed" }

Testing task results

The following tasks are illustrative of the tests meant to check the status of tasks

tasks:

  - shell: /usr/bin/foo
    register: result
    ignore_errors: True

  - debug:
      msg: "it failed"
    when: result is failed

  # in most cases you'll want a handler, but if you want to do something right now, this is nice
  - debug:
      msg: "it changed"
    when: result is changed

  - debug:
      msg: "it succeeded in Ansible >= 2.1"
    when: result is succeeded

  - debug:
      msg: "it succeeded"
    when: result is success

  - debug:
      msg: "it was skipped"
    when: result is skipped

Note

From 2.1, you can also use success, failure, change, and skip so that the grammar matches, for those who need to be strict about it.

Type Tests

When looking to determine types, it may be tempting to use the type_debug filter and compare that to the string name of that type, however, you should instead use type test comparisons, such as:

tasks:
  - name: "String interpretation"
    vars:
      a_string: "A string"
      a_dictionary: {"a": "dictionary"}
      a_list: ["a", "list"]
    assert:
      that:
      # Note that a string is classed as also being "iterable", "sequence" and "mapping"
      - a_string is string

      # Note that a dictionary is classed as not being a "string", but is "iterable", "sequence" and "mapping"
      - a_dictionary is not string and a_dictionary is mapping

      # Note that a list is classed as not being a "string" or "mapping" but is "iterable" and "sequence"
      - a_list is not string and a_list is not mapping and a_list is iterable

  - name: "Number interpretation"
    vars:
      a_float: 1.01
      a_float_as_string: "1.01"
      an_integer: 1
      an_integer_as_string: "1"
    assert:
      that:
      # Both a_float and an_integer are "number", but each has their own type as well
      - a_float is number and a_float is float
      - an_integer is number and an_integer is integer

      # Both a_float_as_string and an_integer_as_string are not numbers
      - a_float_as_string is not number and a_float_as_string is string
      - an_integer_as_string is not number and a_float_as_string is string

      # a_float or a_float_as_string when cast to a float and then to a string should match the same value cast only to a string
      - a_float | float | string == a_float | string
      - a_float_as_string | float | string == a_float_as_string | string

      # Likewise an_integer and an_integer_as_string when cast to an integer and then to a string should match the same value cast only to an integer
      - an_integer | int | string == an_integer | string
      - an_integer_as_string | int | string == an_integer_as_string | string

      # However, a_float or a_float_as_string cast as an integer and then a string does not match the same value cast to a string
      - a_float | int | string != a_float | string
      - a_float_as_string | int | string != a_float_as_string | string

      # Again, Likewise an_integer and an_integer_as_string cast as a float and then a string does not match the same value cast to a string
      - an_integer | float | string != an_integer | string
      - an_integer_as_string | float | string != an_integer_as_string | string

  - name: "Native Boolean interpretation"
    loop:
    - yes
    - true
    - True
    - TRUE
    - no
    - No
    - NO
    - false
    - False
    - FALSE
    assert:
      that:
      # Note that while other values may be cast to boolean values, these are the only ones which are natively considered boolean
      # Note also that `yes` is the only case sensitive variant of these values.
      - item is boolean

See also

Intro to playbooks

An introduction to playbooks

Conditionals

Conditional statements in playbooks

Using Variables

All about variables

Loops

Looping in playbooks

Roles

Playbook organization by roles

Tips and tricks

Tips and tricks for playbooks

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