amazon.aws.ec2_ami module – Create or destroy an image (AMI) in EC2

Note

This module is part of the amazon.aws collection (version 5.2.0).

You might already have this collection installed if you are using the ansible package. It is not included in ansible-core. To check whether it is installed, run ansible-galaxy collection list.

To install it, use: ansible-galaxy collection install amazon.aws. You need further requirements to be able to use this module, see Requirements for details.

To use it in a playbook, specify: amazon.aws.ec2_ami.

New in amazon.aws 1.0.0

Synopsis

  • Registers or deregisters EC2 images.

Requirements

The below requirements are needed on the host that executes this module.

  • python >= 3.6

  • boto3 >= 1.18.0

  • botocore >= 1.21.0

Parameters

Parameter

Comments

access_key

aliases: aws_access_key_id, aws_access_key, ec2_access_key

string

AWS access key ID.

See the AWS documentation for more information about access tokens https://docs.aws.amazon.com/general/latest/gr/aws-sec-cred-types.html#access-keys-and-secret-access-keys.

The AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID, AWS_ACCESS_KEY or EC2_ACCESS_KEY environment variables may also be used in decreasing order of preference.

The aws_access_key and profile options are mutually exclusive.

The aws_access_key_id alias was added in release 5.1.0 for consistency with the AWS botocore SDK.

The ec2_access_key alias has been deprecated and will be removed in a release after 2024-12-01.

Support for the EC2_ACCESS_KEY environment variable has been deprecated and will be removed in a release after 2024-12-01.

architecture

string

The target architecture of the image to register.

Default: "x86_64"

aws_ca_bundle

path

The location of a CA Bundle to use when validating SSL certificates.

The AWS_CA_BUNDLE environment variable may also be used.

aws_config

dictionary

A dictionary to modify the botocore configuration.

Parameters can be found in the AWS documentation https://botocore.amazonaws.com/v1/documentation/api/latest/reference/config.html#botocore.config.Config.

billing_products

list / elements=string

A list of valid billing codes. To be used with valid accounts by AWS Marketplace vendors.

debug_botocore_endpoint_logs

boolean

Use a botocore.endpoint logger to parse the unique (rather than total) "resource:action" API calls made during a task, outputing the set to the resource_actions key in the task results. Use the aws_resource_action callback to output to total list made during a playbook.

The ANSIBLE_DEBUG_BOTOCORE_LOGS environment variable may also be used.

Choices:

  • false ← (default)

  • true

delete_snapshot

boolean

Delete snapshots when deregistering the AMI.

Choices:

  • false ← (default)

  • true

description

string

Human-readable string describing the contents and purpose of the AMI.

device_mapping

list / elements=dictionary

List of device hashes/dictionaries with custom configurations (same block-device-mapping parameters).

delete_on_termination

boolean

Whether the device should be automatically deleted when the Instance is terminated.

Choices:

  • false

  • true

device_name

string / required

The device name. For example /dev/sda.

encrypted

boolean

Whether the volume should be encrypted.

Choices:

  • false

  • true

iops

integer

When using an io1 volume_type this sets the number of IOPS provisioned for the volume.

no_device

boolean

Suppresses the specified device included in the block device mapping of the AMI.

Choices:

  • false

  • true

snapshot_id

string

The ID of the Snapshot.

virtual_name

string

The virtual name for the device.

See the AWS documentation for more detail https://docs.aws.amazon.com/AWSEC2/latest/APIReference/API_BlockDeviceMapping.html.

volume_size

aliases: size

integer

The size of the volume (in GiB).

volume_type

string

The volume type. Defaults to gp2 when not set.

endpoint_url

aliases: ec2_url, aws_endpoint_url, s3_url

string

URL to connect to instead of the default AWS endpoints. While this can be used to connection to other AWS-compatible services the amazon.aws and community.aws collections are only tested against AWS.

The AWS_URL or EC2_URL environment variables may also be used, in decreasing order of preference.

The ec2_url and s3_url aliases have been deprecated and will be removed in a release after 2024-12-01.

Support for the EC2_URL environment variable has been deprecated and will be removed in a release after 2024-12-01.

enhanced_networking

boolean

A boolean representing whether enhanced networking with ENA is enabled or not.

Choices:

  • false

  • true

image_id

string

Image ID to be deregistered.

image_location

string

The S3 location of an image to use for the AMI.

instance_id

string

Instance ID to create the AMI from.

kernel_id

string

The target kernel id of the image to register.

launch_permissions

dictionary

Users and groups that should be able to launch the AMI.

Expects dictionary with a key of user_ids and/or group_names.

user_ids should be a list of account IDs.

group_name should be a list of groups, all is the only acceptable value currently.

You must pass all desired launch permissions if you wish to modify existing launch permissions (passing just groups will remove all users).

name

string

The name of the new AMI.

no_reboot

boolean

Flag indicating that the bundling process should not attempt to shutdown the instance before bundling. If this flag is True, the responsibility of maintaining file system integrity is left to the owner of the instance.

Choices:

  • false ← (default)

  • true

profile

aliases: aws_profile

string

A named AWS profile to use for authentication.

See the AWS documentation for more information about named profiles https://docs.aws.amazon.com/cli/latest/userguide/cli-configure-profiles.html.

The AWS_PROFILE environment variable may also be used.

The profile option is mutually exclusive with the aws_access_key, aws_secret_key and security_token options.

purge_tags

boolean

If purge_tags=true and tags is set, existing tags will be purged from the resource to match exactly what is defined by tags parameter.

If the tags parameter is not set then tags will not be modified, even if purge_tags=True.

Tag keys beginning with aws: are reserved by Amazon and can not be modified. As such they will be ignored for the purposes of the purge_tags parameter. See the Amazon documentation for more information https://docs.aws.amazon.com/general/latest/gr/aws_tagging.html#tag-conventions.

Choices:

  • false

  • true ← (default)

ramdisk_id

string

The ID of the RAM disk.

region

aliases: aws_region, ec2_region

string

The AWS region to use.

For global services such as IAM, Route53 and CloudFront, region is ignored.

The AWS_REGION or EC2_REGION environment variables may also be used.

See the Amazon AWS documentation for more information http://docs.aws.amazon.com/general/latest/gr/rande.html#ec2_region.

The ec2_region alias has been deprecated and will be removed in a release after 2024-12-01

Support for the EC2_REGION environment variable has been deprecated and will be removed in a release after 2024-12-01.

root_device_name

string

The root device name of the image to register.

secret_key

aliases: aws_secret_access_key, aws_secret_key, ec2_secret_key

string

AWS secret access key.

See the AWS documentation for more information about access tokens https://docs.aws.amazon.com/general/latest/gr/aws-sec-cred-types.html#access-keys-and-secret-access-keys.

The AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY, AWS_SECRET_KEY, or EC2_SECRET_KEY environment variables may also be used in decreasing order of preference.

The secret_key and profile options are mutually exclusive.

The aws_secret_access_key alias was added in release 5.1.0 for consistency with the AWS botocore SDK.

The ec2_secret_key alias has been deprecated and will be removed in a release after 2024-12-01.

Support for the EC2_SECRET_KEY environment variable has been deprecated and will be removed in a release after 2024-12-01.

session_token

aliases: aws_session_token, security_token, aws_security_token, access_token

string

AWS STS session token for use with temporary credentials.

See the AWS documentation for more information about access tokens https://docs.aws.amazon.com/general/latest/gr/aws-sec-cred-types.html#access-keys-and-secret-access-keys.

The AWS_SESSION_TOKEN, AWS_SECURITY_TOKEN or EC2_SECURITY_TOKEN environment variables may also be used in decreasing order of preference.

The security_token and profile options are mutually exclusive.

Aliases aws_session_token and session_token were added in release 3.2.0, with the parameter being renamed from security_token to session_token in release 6.0.0.

The security_token, aws_security_token, and access_token aliases have been deprecated and will be removed in a release after 2024-12-01.

Support for the EC2_SECRET_KEY and AWS_SECURITY_TOKEN environment variables has been deprecated and will be removed in a release after 2024-12-01.

sriov_net_support

string

Set to simple to enable enhanced networking with the Intel 82599 Virtual Function interface for the AMI and any instances that you launch from the AMI.

state

string

Register or deregister an AMI.

Choices:

  • "absent"

  • "present" ← (default)

tags

aliases: resource_tags

dictionary

A dictionary representing the tags to be applied to the resource.

If the tags parameter is not set then tags will not be modified.

validate_certs

boolean

When set to false, SSL certificates will not be validated for communication with the AWS APIs.

Setting validate_certs=false is strongly discouraged, as an alternative, consider setting aws_ca_bundle instead.

Choices:

  • false

  • true ← (default)

virtualization_type

string

The virtualization type of the image to register.

Default: "hvm"

wait

boolean

Wait for the AMI to be in state ‘available’ before returning.

Choices:

  • false ← (default)

  • true

wait_timeout

integer

How long before wait gives up, in seconds.

Default: 1200

Notes

Note

  • Caution: For modules, environment variables and configuration files are read from the Ansible ‘host’ context and not the ‘controller’ context. As such, files may need to be explicitly copied to the ‘host’. For lookup and connection plugins, environment variables and configuration files are read from the Ansible ‘controller’ context and not the ‘host’ context.

  • The AWS SDK (boto3) that Ansible uses may also read defaults for credentials and other settings, such as the region, from its configuration files in the Ansible ‘host’ context (typically ~/.aws/credentials). See https://boto3.amazonaws.com/v1/documentation/api/latest/guide/credentials.html for more information.

Examples

# Note: These examples do not set authentication details, see the AWS Guide for details.

- name: Basic AMI Creation
  amazon.aws.ec2_ami:
    instance_id: i-xxxxxx
    wait: true
    name: newtest
    tags:
      Name: newtest
      Service: TestService

- name: Basic AMI Creation, without waiting
  amazon.aws.ec2_ami:
    instance_id: i-xxxxxx
    wait: no
    name: newtest

- name: AMI Registration from EBS Snapshot
  amazon.aws.ec2_ami:
    name: newtest
    state: present
    architecture: x86_64
    virtualization_type: hvm
    root_device_name: /dev/xvda
    device_mapping:
      - device_name: /dev/xvda
        volume_size: 8
        snapshot_id: snap-xxxxxxxx
        delete_on_termination: true
        volume_type: gp2

- name: AMI Creation, with a custom root-device size and another EBS attached
  amazon.aws.ec2_ami:
    instance_id: i-xxxxxx
    name: newtest
    device_mapping:
        - device_name: /dev/sda1
          size: XXX
          delete_on_termination: true
          volume_type: gp2
        - device_name: /dev/sdb
          size: YYY
          delete_on_termination: false
          volume_type: gp2

- name: AMI Creation, excluding a volume attached at /dev/sdb
  amazon.aws.ec2_ami:
    instance_id: i-xxxxxx
    name: newtest
    device_mapping:
        - device_name: /dev/sda1
          size: XXX
          delete_on_termination: true
          volume_type: gp2
        - device_name: /dev/sdb
          no_device: true

- name: Deregister/Delete AMI (keep associated snapshots)
  amazon.aws.ec2_ami:
    image_id: "{{ instance.image_id }}"
    delete_snapshot: False
    state: absent

- name: Deregister AMI (delete associated snapshots too)
  amazon.aws.ec2_ami:
    image_id: "{{ instance.image_id }}"
    delete_snapshot: True
    state: absent

- name: Update AMI Launch Permissions, making it public
  amazon.aws.ec2_ami:
    image_id: "{{ instance.image_id }}"
    state: present
    launch_permissions:
      group_names: ['all']

- name: Allow AMI to be launched by another account
  amazon.aws.ec2_ami:
    image_id: "{{ instance.image_id }}"
    state: present
    launch_permissions:
      user_ids: ['123456789012']

Return Values

Common return values are documented here, the following are the fields unique to this module:

Key

Description

architecture

string

Architecture of image.

Returned: when AMI is created or already exists

Sample: "x86_64"

block_device_mapping

dictionary

Block device mapping associated with image.

Returned: when AMI is created or already exists

Sample: {"/dev/sda1": {"delete_on_termination": true, "encrypted": false, "size": 10, "snapshot_id": "snap-1a03b80e7", "volume_type": "standard"}}

creationDate

string

Creation date of image.

Returned: when AMI is created or already exists

Sample: "2015-10-15T22:43:44.000Z"

description

string

Description of image.

Returned: when AMI is created or already exists

Sample: "nat-server"

hypervisor

string

Type of hypervisor.

Returned: when AMI is created or already exists

Sample: "xen"

image_id

string

ID of the image.

Returned: when AMI is created or already exists

Sample: "ami-1234abcd"

is_public

boolean

Whether image is public.

Returned: when AMI is created or already exists

Sample: false

launch_permission

list / elements=string

Permissions allowing other accounts to access the AMI.

Returned: when AMI is created or already exists

Sample: [{"group": "all"}]

location

string

Location of image.

Returned: when AMI is created or already exists

Sample: "123456789012/nat-server"

name

string

AMI name of image.

Returned: when AMI is created or already exists

Sample: "nat-server"

ownerId

string

Owner of image.

Returned: when AMI is created or already exists

Sample: "123456789012"

platform

string

Platform of image.

Returned: when AMI is created or already exists

root_device_name

string

Root device name of image.

Returned: when AMI is created or already exists

Sample: "/dev/sda1"

root_device_type

string

Root device type of image.

Returned: when AMI is created or already exists

Sample: "ebs"

snapshots_deleted

list / elements=string

A list of snapshot ids deleted after deregistering image.

Returned: after AMI is deregistered, if delete_snapshot=true

Sample: ["snap-fbcccb8f", "snap-cfe7cdb4"]

state

string

State of image.

Returned: when AMI is created or already exists

Sample: "available"

tags

dictionary

A dictionary of tags assigned to image.

Returned: when AMI is created or already exists

Sample: {"Env": "devel", "Name": "nat-server"}

virtualization_type

string

Image virtualization type.

Returned: when AMI is created or already exists

Sample: "hvm"

Authors

  • Evan Duffield (@scicoin-project)

  • Constantin Bugneac (@Constantin07)

  • Ross Williams (@gunzy83)

  • Willem van Ketwich (@wilvk)